THIS PAGE LAST MODIFIED : Thursday 30 June 2022 8:41

A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–N

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–N", Australharmony (an online resource toward the early history of music in colonial Australia):; accessed 6 July 2022

- N -

Introductory note:

The primary focus of the biographical register is musical personnel first active before the end of 1860, with a secondary focus on members of their circles - families, pupils, colleagues, and other important contacts - first active after 1860.

Beyond that, there has been no systematic attempt as yet to deal with musical personnel first active after 1860, and so far the coverage is selective.

A major upgrade of the contents of this page was completed in December 2019, and newly added documentation (including genealogical data) and Trove tagging now brings the page content up to the end of 1860 close to completion.

Only such biographical information as can be confirmed from standard national databases or original documentation presented is entered at the head of each person entry in this page. Where no certain evidence of a person's birth year has yet been identified, the assumption is that we do not and cannot yet know with sufficient certainty to propose one. Years of birth or death, and sometimes also names and spellings of names, thus sourced and presented here, will often differ more or less substantially from those given (but often merely hazarded) in standard Australian and international bibliographic and biographical records.

The texts given in gold aim for the most part to be diplomatic transcriptions, wherever practical retaining unaltered the original orthography, and spellings and mis-spellings, of the printed or manuscript sources. Occasionally, however, some spellings are silently corrected (for instance, of unusual music titles and composers, to assist identification), and some orthography, punctuation and paragraphing, and very occasionally also syntax, editorially altered or standardised in the interests of consistency, clarity, and readability.


Harpist, teacher of the harp (pupil of Bochsa)

Born Yeldham, England, c. 1806; daughter of Alexander and Eliza RICHARDSON
Married Frederick NAEGUELI, ? Switzerland, by c. 1830
Active Sydney, NSW, by mid 1855
Died Sydney, NSW, 29 October 1866 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

NAEGUELI, Wilhemlmina Eliza Mary (Wilhemlmina Eliza Mary NEUGUELI; Mrs. R. Rupert EWEN)

? Teacher of the pianoforte and singing

Born Switzerland, c. 1830
Active Sydney, NSW, by mid 1855
Married Richard Rupert EWEN, Sydney, NSW, 1856
Died Bathurst, NSW, 8 July 1908 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Teacher of the pianoforte and singing, professor of music and languages, Pestalozzian educator

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1855
Died Parramatta, NSW, 23 May 1903 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


1851 Channel Islands census, Jersey, St. Helier; UK National Archives, PRO H0 107/2527 (PAYWALL)

6 Farnham House / Elizabeth Richardson / Head/ 72 / Annuitant / [born] England, York
Mary Naegueli / dau. / 45 / Annuitant / [England] Yeldham
Wilhelmina [Naegueli] / grand dau. / 21 / Switzerland

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 July 1855), 1 

MADAME NAEGUELI, pupil of Bochsa, gives lessons on the harp and flower painting.

MADEMOISELLES NAEGUELI, pupils of Herr Nast, Madame Ronchetti, and Signor Vercellini, give lessons on the pianoforte, in Italian, German, English, and French singing, the German and French languages, and drawing. References permitted to Dr. Macfarlane, Gilbert Elliott, Esq., - Morehead, Esq., and Francis Mitchell, Esq. 10, Elizabeth-street North.

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 December 1856), 1 

December 24th, at Christ Church, by the Rev. Canon Walsh, M.A., incumbent, R. Rupert Ewen, Esq., of Kingsdown House, Bathurst, to Wilhelmine Eliza Mary, eldest daughter of the late Herr Naegueli, of Canton Berne, Switzerland, and grand-daughter of the late Rev. Dr. Richardson, Vicar of Great Dunmow, and head master of Dedham Grammar School, Essex, England.

"CONCERT AT THE SCHOOL OF ARTS", Sydney Mail (7 July 1866), 2 

. . . Mr. Jackson, M. and Madame Haimberger, and Madame Naegueli, who appeared to advantage in the first part, also rendered effective service in the third, and in almost every instance the performers, whether vocal or instrumental, were encored . . .

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 October 1866), 1 

On the 29th instant at her residence, No. 2, Hyde Park-terrace, MARY, relict of the late Colonel FREDERICK NAEGUELI, of Bern, Switzerland, and daughter of the late Rev. Alexander Richardson, D.D., Rector of Dunmow, and Head Master of the Royal Foundation Grammar School, Dedham, Essex.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (3 June 1903), 1398 

NAEGUELI. - May 23, at Parramatta, Mdlle. Mary Naegueli, professor of music and languages.

Bibliography and resources:

James Steele, Early days of Windsor, N. S. Wales (Sydney: Tyrell's Limited, 1916), 133 (DIGITISED)

. . . Madame Naegueli had a school for girls, known as the Pastalozzi [Pestalozzi] School, from 1888-1895 . . .

Rosemary Margaret Hallo, Erard, Bochsa and their impact on harp music-making in Australia (1830-1866): an early history from documents (Ph.D thesis, University of Adelaide, 2014), 133, 203 (DIGITISED)

NAEJ, Madame Leon (Madame Leon NAEJ; Madame NAEJ; NEAJ [sic])

Soprano vocalist, teacher of singing (de l'opéra de Paris)

? Arrived Melbourne, VIC, June 1856 (per Champion of the sea)
Departed VIC, March 1865 (per Great Britain, for Europe) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

NAEJ, Miss (Miss NAEJ; ? Jenny below)


Active Bendigo, VIC, 1865

NAEJ, Jenny (Jenny NAEJ)

? Vocalist

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1856-57

NAEJ, Felicia (Felicia NAEJ)


Active Bendigo, VIC, 1865 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Age (1 July 1856), 1 

MADAME LEON NAEJ Arrived by Champion of the Seas.
FROM the Grand Operas Paris and Opera Comique, will make her first appearance this evening.


"POPULAR CONCERTS", The Age (29 July 1856), 3 

We have lately occupied a leisure evening or two in visiting the various popular concerts held in connection with the principal hotels . . . by personal visits to the concerts nightly held in connection with the City and National Hotels in Bourke street . . . At the present moment, we observe that the vocal staffs of the National and the City are remarkably efficient. The other evening, at the former place, we heard a quintett from the Enchantress exquisitely performed. Some brilliantly executed operatic airs by Madame Butler, and several very clever characteristic songs by Mr. and Mrs. Williamson; at the latter, two or three of Bishop's glees were rendered in almost faultless style under the management of Mr. Morgan, who is perhaps the only basso profondo in the colony, and himself a favorite singer. Madamo Naej too, a very tasteful French operatic vocalist, nightly carols some of Rossini's and Auber's finest musical productions in a style which, but for the excellent conduct of the concert room, and the no less seemly behaviour of the audience, we should in hackneyed phrase have said, was worthy of a better place.

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 September 1856), 8

COLLINGWOOD ASSEMBLY, Gertrude-street. Musical Entertainment.
Madame LEON NAEJ, from the Grand Opera in Paris, will appear in Collingwood at the above rooms, on Tuesday Evening, September 9th when she will be assisted by Madlle. Jenny Naej, Mr. Gregg, Herr Imberg, and Mr. Strebinger.
Full Particulars, see Programme.

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 November 1856), 8 

Messrs. OAK and BAPTISTE respectfully inform the public that their Splendid New Concert Hall will be Opened on Monday next, with the following Company:
Madame Naej, Mrs. Pendleton, and Mr. Pendleton.
Pianist and Conductor - Mr. W. Rolfe.

"ENGLISH COMPOSITION BY FOREIGN COMPOSITORS", Melbourne Punch (15 January 1857), 185

[Advertisement], The Age (24 January 1857), 6 

NATIONAL-HOTEL MUSIC HALL, Bourke street east, Near the Parliament Houses. The following artists are engaged:
MADAME LEON NAEJ, The celebrated artiste from the Grand Opera, Paris, who will this evening sing La Bayadere and the Marseillaise, in costume, Mrs. W. H. STONE, Late of the London Concerts, her first appearance in the colonies, who with Mr. Ellis will introduce Comic Duets, Sketches, &c.
Mrs. G. ELLIS, The pleasing vocalist.
Mr. G. ELLIS, The popular comic vocalist.
Mr. KITTS, The admired basso, late of the Theatre Royal.
Mr. CHAMBERS, Characteristic Dancer.
Pianist and Conductor - Mr. E. J. Piper.
Proprietor - W. Hutchinson.
Admission Free.

[Advertisement], The Star (18 March 1857), 3 


"THE PRINCESS THEATRE OPERA HOUSE", The Argus (14 April 1857), 6

. . . The season will open, as above stated, on Thursday night with the opera of "Norma." In the repertoire, among others, are "Lucrezia Borgia," "Linda di Chamouni," the "Crown Diamonds," "Martha," "Judith and Holofernes," "La Sonnambula," &c., &c.; The operatic season is intended, at present to extend over six weeks, and all the available talent in the colony has been secured. Madame Anna Bishop will of course be the prima donna. There have also been engaged Madame Leon Naej, soprano; Madame Sara Flower, contralto; Mrs. Fiddes, contralto; MM. Laglaise, Del Sarte, and Mr. Sherwin, tenors. Mr. Farquharson, Mr. Gregg, and M. Coulon are the bass singers. The conductor and musical director is Mr. George Loder . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 June 1857), 8

- Madame Leon Naej, de l'Opera de Paris, assisted by Mons. Laglaise, Messrs. Schluter and Linden.
For the first time in the colony Madame Leon Naej will sing the Christmas Hymn, accompanied by the Melodium Organ of Alexandre, of Paris.
Stalls, 7s. 6d ; Reserved Seats, 5s., Admission, 3s. Tickets to be obtained of Madame Leon Naej, Golden Fleece Hotel, Russell-street . . .

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (13 December 1858), 5 

. . . The same evening [Saturday 11 December] Herr Schluter, one of the most serviceable members of the late operatic company, gave a concert of miscellaneous music at Hockin's Hotel, in which he was gratuitously assisted by Miss Octavia Hamilton, Madame Leon Naej, Madame Steinmeyer, Mons. Laglaise, and Signor Grossi. Mr. L. H. Lavenu conducted . . . The chief features of the evening were the debut of Miss Hamilton in the contralto parts of "II Trovatore," which she managed admirably; Madame Naej's brilliant execution in a duett in "La Figlia," with Herr Schluter; and the debut of Madame Steinmeyer in German songs.

"POLICE", The Argus (19 February 1859), 1 supplement 

. . . William Murray and Edward Rogers were, on remand, placed in the dock, charged with stealing a quantity of lead; and Leon Naej and Henry Ancott were charged with feloniously receiving the same, knowing it to have been stolen . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (10 February 1860), 8

SINGING.- Madame LEON NAEJ RECEIVES PUPILS at her residence, Devonshire House, Burnett-street, St Kilda.

[News], The Argus (25 April 1861), 5

. . . In the course of the afternoon, an elderly man named Leon Naej, tried with a number of boy thieves - they for stealing, and he for receiving - was convicted, with one of his pupils, as receiver and thief. The sentence was very properly much more severe on the instructor than upon the pupil . . .

"THE FAGIN OF MELBOURNE", Goulburn Herald (11 May 1861), 4

"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Bendigo Advertiser (24 July 1861), 2

The third subscription concert for the year, of the members of the Philharmonic Society, is announced to be given at the Temperance Hall, on Friday evening next . . . the members of the society will be assisted by the professional services of Mrs. Ellis, and a new song-stress from Melbourne - by name Madame Leon Naej.

"TESTIMONIAL OF RESPECT TO MR. E. D. MERRILL, LATE AMERCIAN CONSUL", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 July 1862), 6

. . . The company were taken by surprise by the appearance of Mademoiselle Leon Naej from behind the scene, attired as the Goddess of Liberty, in which character she sang the "Star spangled Banner" in a spirited and effective manner, and was received by loud plaudits . . .

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (2 July 1864), 1

"LYCEUM THEATRE", Bendigo Advertiser (31 January 1865), 2

"A FAREWELL CONCERT", Bendigo Advertiser (1 March 1865), 2

. . . Madame Leon Naej sang an air from "Il Trovatore," and another from "Don Pasquale," the latter in answer to an encore, and in both was loudly applauded. Miss Naej presided at the piano, and played several beautiful solos with great taste and skill, especially the solo "When the Swallow". Miss Felicia Naej sang very sweetly "Oh, Steer my Bark to Erin's Isle," and "I'll be no Submissive Wife."

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (8 March 1865), 4

For Positive Sale. S. P. HOGG has received instructions from Mr. Leon Naej, who leaves for Europe by the Great Britain, to sell by Auction, on the premises, Barkly-place, at eleven o'clock, The whole of his Household Furniture, consisting of rosewood cottage piano, large collection of music . . .

NAGEL, Charles (Charles NAGEL; Captain NAGEL; NAGLE), see mainpage Charles NAGEL

Song writer, composer, playwright

NAIRN, William (William NAIRN)

? Amateur violinist, soldier (major, 46th Regiment)

Born Flisk, Fifeshire, Scotland, October 1766 (regimental record); baptised Flisk, 30 November 1766; son of David NAIRN and Rachel ANDERSON
Married (1) Elizabeth CAMPBELL (1770-1810), Rathfriland, County Down, Ireland, 31 January 1791
Married (2) Hannah BYRCHMORE (1777-1852), St. james, Clerkenwell, London, 18 June 1811
Arrived (1) Sydney, NSW, 1814 (with regiment, until 1818)
Arrived (2) Hobart, VDL (TAS), c. 1832
Died Fremantle, WA, 8 June 1853 (? 6 May), aged "85/86" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

NAIRN, Jane (Jane NAIRN)

Amateur violinist

Born Limerick, Ireland, July, 1800; baptised St. George's, Limerick, daughter of William NAIRN and Elizabeth CAMPBELL
Arrived Fremantle, WA, 23 August 1829 (per Marquis of Anglesea)
Died Perth, WA, 25 January 1878, aged "77" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Statement of services of Major William Nairn, of the 46th Regiment . . . retired from the service 21st June 1831; UK National Archives, WO 25 / 398 (PAYWALL)

Gives dates and places of his birth, of his two marraiges, service in NSW, and of the births of his children, as above

"DIED", The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News (8 July 1853), 2 

At Fremantle, on the 8th ult., William Nairn, Esq., late Major in Her Majesty's 46th Regiment.

"DEATHS", The Inquirer and Commercial News (30 January 1878), 2 

NAIRN. - At Perth, on the 25th Jan., in her 78th year, JANE, daughter of the late Major William Nairn, formerly of the 46th Regiment.

"BACK BEYOND 1850. Recollections of a Pioneer. SIR EDWARD STONE . . .", The Daily News (28 April 1916), 7

. . . In 1836, when [episcopalian] services were held in the Old Courthouse, the choir consisted of Mrs. Symmons, Miss Symmons, Mrs. Wittenoom, Mrs. Leake, Mrs. R. Nash, Miss Nairn, Miss Trigg, Miss A. Trigg, Mrs. Maycock, Mr. Symmons, Mr. Schoals, Mr. Nash, Mr. Webb, Mr. Macfaull, Mr. J. Habgood. The orchestra consisted of a pianoforte, bass (Mr. F. Wittenoom), violins (Mr. C. Wittenoom, Mrs. Torrens, and Miss Nairn) and cello (Miss A. Trigg, and afterwards Miss Devenish). The violin played by Miss Nairn was now in the possession of Mr. R. C. Clifton . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Amelia Trigg (vocalist) and sister; Mrs. Maycock (vocalist); John Schoales (vocalist); Charles and Joanna Symmons (vocalists) and ? daughter; John Burdett Wittenoom (amateur) and family

"PERTH ORGAN-BUILDER. The Late R. C. Clifton's Talents. By Pandora", The West Australian (26 March 1938), 7 

CHERISHED in a house in Adelaide terrace is an old violin, believed to be a genuine Amati. It is tucked away with other curios of historical interest at the old home of the late Robert Cecil Clifton, formerly Under-Secretary for Lands, and its career can be traced back to 1707. Although it has never been proved an Amati, it is almost certain that it was made by the famous Italian himself, and on the back near the button, the name "Handel 1707" has been cut . . . It appears that Mr. Clifton first came into contact with the instrument when he was staying with the G. W. Leakes in December, 1873, when Mr. Leake in vited him to play on the instrument, which then belonged to a Miss Nairn, whose father, Major Nairn, an Indian army officer, had purchased it away back in 1808. During the time that Mr. Clifton had access to this lovely old violin he became extremely attached to it, and it was with great reluctance that he saw it leave Australia for England. However, in 1878 Miss Nairn's violin most unexpectedly came into his possession again, for upon her death a note was found in her desk saying: "I wish Mr. Clifton to have my violins as I know he will handle them tenderly" . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Mary Ann Leake (pianist)

Bibliography and resources:

Jane Nairn, Find a grave 

Old Age; Arrived 23/08/1829 per "Marquis of Anglesea"; Daughter of Hannah and Major William Nairn; 46th Regiment; Governess to children of J. R Phillips, Albany; Owned property on the Avon River; Governess to children of Lieutenant Slade and the Cooke children; Assisted Mrs. Harper with Sunday School Toodyay; After 1853 joined here brother in Tasmania; Returned to Western Australia.

NAIRNE, Catherine Stirling (Catherine Stirling CAMERON; Mrs. Charles Ross NAIRNE, senior)

Teacher of piano-forte, organist (St. John's Church, Launceston)

Born Micklefield Hall, Hartfordshire, England, 12 September 1794; baptised St. Olave, Hart Street, London, 22 October 1794, daughter of Ewen and Katherine CAMERON
Married Charles Ross NAIRNE, Glasgow, Scotland, 24 November 1816
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL, 1 March 1822 (per Castle Forbes, from England, via the Cape of Good Hope)
Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by 1825
Active Launceston, VDL (TAS), by 1834
Departed Launceston, VDL (TAS), 15 July 1845 (per Shamrock, for Sydney) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

Also (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


The Nairnes, from Scotland, had arrived in Hobart Town in 1822. In 1825, Charles applied by advertisement for the vacant post of cashier of the Bank of Van Diemen's Land (citing his previous experience in banking in Scotland). But the Nairnes settled, instead, to farming, at Coal River, near Richmond. In 1829, Charles was widely rumoured to have fathered a child by a convict servant, Mary McLauchlan, who was later convicted of killing the child. The Tasmanian very pointedly printed Nairne's name in capitals in reporting her execution in April 1830.

The Nairnes had re-settled in Launceston by early 1834, when Catherine first advertised as a piano teacher.

Charles died in Sydney in February 1842, aged 46, and the death of their 12 year old daughter, Mary, from fatal burns, in March added to Catherine's misfortunes.

By 1843 (probably from shortly after her husband's death) and until mid-1845, Catherine was organist of St. John's, Launceston.

Her most notable musical venture, following close on the death of her daughter, was the oratorio which she was encouraged by friends and supporters to present for her own benefit, and which came off on 13 June 1843. The program consisted principally of selections from Handel's Messiah and Haydn's The creation. She was assisted by local amateur and professionals, including the vocalist Dorothea Richards, an otherwise unidentified bass called Mr. Turner, the violinist Joseph Megson, the Band of the 96th Regiment, and members of the Launceston Sacred Harmonic Society.

The event appears to have been partly inspired by, and compared unfavourably with, a recent concert of sacred music given by the visiting Sydney singers, John and Eliza Bushelle.

Catherine and two daughters sailed for Sydney in July 1845. Her eldest son, Charles Ross Nairne, junior, died in September 1845. Her youngest son James Henry (born 1827) drowned at Tala, VIC, in 1855; her eldest son, Robert, was living in Castlemaine at the time.

In 1892, a Launceston memorist appears to have confused Catherine Nairne with her daughter-in-law, Hannah Capon, who married Charles Ross Nairne junior in 1844.


Register of baptisms, St. Olave, Hart Street, City of London, 1704-1822; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

1794 / October / 22 / Katherine Stirling, daug'r of Ewen & Katherine Cameron born the 12th of September at Micklefield Hall, Hartford Shire.

"SHIP NEWS", Hobart Town Gazette and Van Diemen's Land Advertiser (2 March 1822), 2 

Yesterday morning arrived from England, via the Cape of Good Hope, the ship Castle Forbes, Captain Ord, with merchandize and passengers; namely, Alexander Paterson, Esq. and Lady, Mr. and Mrs. C. R. Nairne, Mr. C. R. Nairne, jun. . . .

"FIRST WOMAN EXECUTED", The Tasmanian (23 April 1830), 5 

We mentioned, in our last, that an unhappy woman named Mary McLauchlan, was on Thursday found guilty of the murder of her infant child; and in compliance with a late Act of Mr. Peel's, ordered for execution on Saturday morning . . . We cannot refrain from expressing our regret at this. We believe we do so in common with the whole Colony. The circumstances of the case, as they appeared at the trial, were shortly these - She had been in the service of Mr. C. R. NAIRNE. Having there become pregnant, she was returned to the Female House of Correction, where she was delivered of a child which was soon afterwards found dead, in a particular place, under circumstances which induced the Jury to find her guilty of murder. There is something more than ordinarily dreadful in the putting a woman to death at any time . . .

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (13 February 1834), 1

MRS. NAIRNE will be happy to give Instruction on the Piano Forte to a limited number of young ladies, at her residence in St. John Street.
Launceston, Jan. 22. 1834.

"DIED", The Sydney Herald (4 February 1842), 2 

On Thursday morning, 3rd February, 1842, Charles Ross Nairne, Esq., formerly of Paisley, but lately of Van Diemen's Land, aged 43.

[Advertisement], Launceston Courier (11 April 1842), 3 

MRS. NAIRNE being about to remove from her present abode to the township of Launceston, begs to intimate to her friends and the public, that she intends to employ her leisure hours, in teaching the Piano-forte to a limited number of private pupils, at her own residence, or the houses of their parents.
Reference and cards of terms may be obtained an application to J. C. Underwood, Esq.
N. B. - To be let, that neat Cottage, known by the name of Romey Cottage, situated on the George Town road, at present occupied by Mr. Nairne. Application to be made to J . C. Underwood, Esq., or to Mr. C. R. Nairne, at the Royal Engineer's Office, Launceston.

"FATAL ACCIDENT", Launceston Examiner (25 March 1843), 7 

An accident of a most distressing nature occurred on Thursday last to Miss Mary Nairne, daughter of Mrs. Nairne, of Rosny, on the George Town Road. It appears that the young lady had been attending on her brother, who was indisposed, and requested to be allowed to sit up with him during the night; which request was reluctantly acceded to by her mother. On the following morning, overcome with sleep, she laid herself down by the fire, and her clothes became ignited. Her cries alarmed the family; and the servant on entering the room very judiciously wrapped a rug around her, and extinguished the flames: the injury she received, however, proved fatal: she died on Thursday about noon. The deceased was twelve years of age. An inquest was held on the body on Friday, and a verdict of accidental death returned.

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (15 April 1843), 5 

GRAND ORATORIO. - Mrs. Nairne begs respectfully to inform her friends and the public of Launceston and its vicinity, that she intends to bring forward at an early period, a Grand Oratorio, when she will have the assistance of all the available vocal and instrumental performers on this side the island.
The music will be taken from the "Creation," "Messiah," "Samson," and celebrated pieces, selected and arranged by Mr. Megson.
- Further particulars in a future advertisement.
Launceston, April 15.

"TO THE EDITOR OF THE . . .", Launceston Examiner (26 April 1843), 6

SIR - I was surprised to learn that Mrs. Nairne's application to the Infant School Committee, for the use of their room for the forthcoming oratorio, was unsuccessful. Can you tell me, sir, whether all the gentlemen on that committee are teetotallers? If they are not, I am at a loss to account for their not entertaining the application of Mrs. Nairne. Their granting the use of the building for sucha purpose could not have given offence to any of the subscribers to the institution, who, I have no doubt, would readily aid that respected lady in her efforts. I hope, sir, that a building more commodious and suitable may be offered her, and that she may have no cause to regret that the doors of the Infant School Room were closed against her. I know not how to account for the discourtesy of the committee. The objection to such performances is not to be found in wesleyanism, for the methodist chapel has been lent on a similar occasion to the Sacred Harmonic Society of this town: it is not to be found in i[n]dependency, for Tamar-street chapel has been similarly appropriated: nor in the principles of the baptist friends, fur the Rev. Mr. Dowling kindly permits the use of his chapel for the practice of the above society: and the holding of oratorios in the churches of the establishment is quite common at home; so that it is difficult to conceive of any religious scruples in the matter. Perhaps, sir, you can inform the public by what authority the teetotallers occupy the Infant School Room, both for their public meetings and their musical rehearsals. If it is by suffrance of the committee, on what principle of justice do those gentlemen account for their partiality.
- Your obedient servant, A SUBSCRIBER TO THE INFANT SCHOOL.
April 25, 1843.

[We understand that the use of the school room has been invariably granted to every applicant when it was required for a benevolent or public object, but refused when to be employed for the personal profit of any individual. - We cannot but regret that Mrs. Nairne is excluded from the only neutral place she could select: but if the committee of the Infant School cannot consistently allow its occupation by Mrs. Nairne, we sincerely trust some of the places mentioned will be opened to her.- ED. L.E.]

"MRS. NAIRNE", The Cornwall Chronicle (29 April 1843), 2 

This lady who has for many years been a resident in this colony, and whose meritorious struggles against stern adversity are known to every inhabitant, applied to the committee of the Infant School, for the use of the Room for an Oratorio, which, assisted by some talented musical friends, was suggested should take place, for her benefit. It will scarcely be believed that the committee refused to allow the use of the room for an Oratorio alleging, we understand, that its appropriation for the advantage of an individual would be derogatory! but that its use would not be refused for a benevolent object. Here is a reasonable objection truly, - the object intended to be gained by the friends of Mrs. Nairne, was purely benevolent; they were willing to assist her in getting up an Oratorio, with the knowledge that the proceeds resulting from it would assist the widow and her large family. Is not this a benevolent object? If we recollect light, a teatotaller a short time back, kept a teatotal coffee shop in the Infant School room; we presume such was the fact, having seen a large sign-board nailed up at one end of the building, announcing the accommodation. For whose benefit, we would ask, was the coffee shop kept, - were the proceeds devoted to a public object? rather were they not pocketted by the individual teatotaller, who obtained the sanction of the committee of the Infant School to keep the shop in it? Where was the benevolence displayed in the privilege given to the teatotaller? A prophet is not without honor, save in his own country. Bushelle, the singer, drops amongst us from Sydney, and obtained the sanction of one of the Judges to use the Court House for exhibiting, for his individual advantage; he pockets some hundreds of pounds of the money of the inhabitants, and is off elsewhere to spend it. Had Bushelle asked the committee of the Infant School for the use of the public room placed under their charge, for his concerts, he would not have been denied; but Mrs. Nairne, an inhabitant, a widow with a young family, mostly dependant on her exertions for support, is denied - because, say the committee - we only lend the room for benevolent objects! We trust neither of the benevolent-hearted committee-men of the Launceston Infant School, will leave widows and young children to experience a similar unkindness and unmanliness, which they inflict on Mrs. Nairne.

"ORATORIO", Launceston Examiner (3 June 1843), 4 

It will be perceived by an advertisement that Mrs. Nairne has made arrangements for her promised oratorio. When informed, we could hardly believe that the use of every church and chapel in town for the occasion, had been requested and refused. On what grounds the various ministers have declined to admit Mrs. Nairne we cannot divine. Oratorios are held in episcopalian places of worship at home, and the Wesleyans, Independents, and Baptists attach no sacred character to the buildings in which they worship. In ignorance of the reason of this universal refusal, we do not attribute to the different ministers any narrow-mindedness; but the fact shows the absolute necessity there is for a public place, which could be obtained on such occasions upon payment of a moderate sum. We are almost disposed to think that some of the denominations will yet alter their opinion, and offer Mrs. Nairne the use of a suitable place for one night.

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (10 June 1843), 1 

GRAND ORATORIO - Being a choice selection from Handel's Messiah and Haydn's Creation, &c.; will be held at the old Independent Chapel, Frederick street, Launceston, on TUESDAY, 13th of June, 1843.
Mrs. NAIRNE most respectfully begs leave to inform her friends and the public of Launceston that no exertion has been wanting to render the above entertainment deserving of their attention; and having obtained the use of the above place by the kind permission of Mr. Howarth; she trusts to the kindness of the inhabitants to support her on this occasion.
The gentlemen of the Sacred Harmonic Society have kindly given their valuable assistance on the occasion, as have also several professional gentlemen and amateurs. The orchestra will be strengthened (with the kind permission of Colonel Cumberland) by the excellent hand of the 96th regiment, and will be led by Mr. Megson.
Overture, Beethoven.
Recitative, "Comfort ye my people," - Air, "Every Valley," Handel.
Chorus, "And the Glory of the Lord," Handel.
Recitative, "Behold a virgin,"- Air and Chorus, "O Thou that tellest," Handel. Recitative, "Then shall the eyes of the blind be opened," - Air, "He shall feed His flock," Handel.
Duett and Chorus, [O thou that tellest good tidings to] Zion.
Recitative, "He was cut off," - Air, "But thou didst not leave," Handel.
Chorus, "Grand Hallelujah," Handel.
Solo and Chorus, "The marvellous work," Haydn.
Recitative, "And God said," - Air, "With verdure clad," Haydn.
Recitative, "And the heavenly host," - Chorus "Awake the harp," Haydn.
Recitative, "And God said let there be light," - Air, "In splendour bright," Haydn.
Chorus, "The heavens are telling," Haydn.
Solo, "Why do the nations," Handel.
Chorus, "I will give thanks," Mozart.
Part first to commence at eight o'clock precisely.
Tickets may be had at Mr. Dowling's, Madame Duchene's, Mrs. Little's, and at Mrs. Nairne's residence, Elizabeth-street, above the church.
Tickets, 7s. 6d. each; children under 12 years of age, half price.

"MRS. NAIRNE'S ORATORIO", Launceston Examiner (14 June 1843), 3

We visited the performance last night with the determination to be be pleased. The circumstances connected with this lady's effort must disarm criticism. She had to contend with the usual difficulties in procuring an effective vocal and instrumental force, and laboured under the disadvantage of occupying an unsuitable place. Still, upon the whole, the oratorio passed off satisfactorily; and Mrs. Nairne deserves the thanks of the townspeople, for the endeavour to produce an entertainment as pleasing and rational as it is unobjectionable. The hour of commencement was perhaps too late but no time was lost between the pieces - no irritating delay took place. It was gratifying to observe that amateurs came forward on the occasion. Mr. Brain, jun., was a competent leader of the vocalists; and Mr. Megson, as conductor of the instrumental part, deserves credit. It would be hardly fair to particularise the performances of the amateurs. They did their best; and will improve by practice, if a series of oratorios shall be sustained by the public during the winter season. We may, however, refer to Mr. Brain's "Behold a virgin," and Mr. Turner's "Why do the nations" - bot[h] executed with considerable taste and ability. The performance of Mrs. Richards, as a professional singer, is more open to criticism: but
"It is a meaner part of sense
To find a fault than taste an excellence."
She possesses a sweet voice, of considerable compass: it however lacks that mellow richness which greater command and more careful practice would produce: she sings correctly, and perhaps our readers will understand us when we say, that she hops rather than glides into each note: her execution of "He was cut off" was loudly applauded. In a few words, we may state that the instrumental performance was unexceptionable, and the vocal highly creditable.

"ORATORIO", Launceston Advertiser (15 June 1843), 3 

The attendance at Mrs. Nairne's Oratorio was very respectable, but the same remark is scarcely applicable to parts of the performances. We can only speak in terms of special praise of Mrs. Richards' recitative "He was cut off," and air "But thou didst not leave," and Mr. Turner's solo, "Why do the nations." The latter failed at Mr. Bushelle's concerts, principally by comparison. He shone as a star at this Oratorio, but Mr. Bushelle put him out altogether. The same applies to Mrs. Richards, compared with Mrs. Bushelle. The chorusses were generally good, and gave more satisfaction than the solos. The programme was unfortunately very similar to Mr. Bushelle's, and those who had not forgotten his performances, could scarcely be pleased with a pigmy imitation. The odds were at least Niagara Falls to the Cataract, against their succeeding. We are glad however, that Mrs. Nairne received encouragement, and had the attempt been more modest, it would have given more satisfaction. We are now writing in comparison, which, however odious, is forced upon us by the selection. We are not however insensible to the merit due to the vocal performers, because they did not equal Mr. and Mrs. Bushelle. As amateurs they acquitted themselves creditably, and are at any rate to be recommended for singing.

"Shipping Intelligence", Launceston Examiner (16 July 1845), 4 

July 15. - Steamer Shamrock, 200 tons, Gilmore, master, for Sydney . . . Passengers - Mrs. & Miss Nairne, Miss A. Nairne . . .

"ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE", The Cornwall Chronicle (19 July 1845), 9

SIR, - your remarks on the situation of Organist of St. John's church, in Saturday' s number, being erroneous, allow me, who have been the principal cause of any unpleasant feeling, to explain, and to the point at once: - Mr. Megson, it is well known, for the last two years attended, and has done the duty of Organist very satisfactorily in the absence of Mrs. Nairne, and always expressed a desire for the situation - if ever it became vacant. When about to sail for Melbourne, he knew of Mrs. N.'s intention of leaving Launceston, but not for three months, and requested me to do the duty until he came back and made his application for the office. When the advertisement appeared, I proposed for him, and offered to fill the situation with my best ability until he either returned, or that I could hear from him. On Thursday last, after hearing my remarks, and the impossibility of Mr. Megson's being acquainted with Mrs. N.'s sudden resignation, or having it in his power to take any step for the completion of his desire, the wardens most kindly and in the most gentlemanly manner expressed them, selves to the candidates, saying, that under such circumstances, and considering Mr. Megson was from his conduct at the church entitled to some courtesy, they would postpone the election until I could communicate with him . . .
your most obedient servant, - T. L. BECKFORD.
July 15.

"HALF A CENTURY . . . (BY A. L.)", Launceston Examiner (23 April 1892), 2 

. . . in Elizabeth-street, hard by the old St. John's Church, is the veritable brick Sunday school house, the foundation stone of which I saw laid, and on its being opened by Mr. Henty, the superintendent, I was the first boy to enter as a scholar. St. John's Church was the only Episcopalian place of worship, as far as I can remember, then, and the two clergymen were Dr. Brown and Mr. (or was it Dr.?) Gibbons. I well remember the organist, Mrs. Nairn, who lived out on the George Town road; and no less do I mind his clerk, Jones by name . . .

"HALF A CENTURY", Launceston Examiner (30 April 1892), 7 

. . . Mrs. Nairn, who was for some time organist, was daughter of the late Wm. Capon, who was in business as plumber and painter in Charles-street, next to Tevelein's saddlery shop . . .

"REMINISCENCES [BY B.]", Launceston Examiner (12 November 1892), 2

About 59 years since (1833) my father arrived here from England, and on the first Sunday after his arrival attended worship in St. John's Church. The singing, such as it was, was chiefly noticeable from the absence of instrumental aid, though an organ, resplendent in its polished oak case with gilt pipes, stood in the gallery. As he was leaving the church, my father enquired from the verger the reason of the organ's silence, and received for answer, "The organist in serving a sentence in the chain gang, so we can't have any music." Some years later than this Mrs. Nairn became organist . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: "my father" = Thomas Leaman Beckford

Bibliography and resources:

Helen McDonald, Human remains: dissection and its histories (Yale: Yale University Press, 2006), 42-86, especially from 62 (PREVIEW)

Nicola Goc, Women, infanticide and the press, 1822-1922: news narratives in England and Australia (London: Routledge, 2016), 103 (PREVIEW)


Mezzo-soprano vocalist

Born Combaning, Temora, NSW, 28 January 1870
Died Clevecot, Oxfordshire, England, 16 January 1941 (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


"CONSUMPTIVES' HOME CONCERT", Evening News (28 July 1897), 2

Kowalski's "Twilight of love" was so well sung by Miss Marie Narelle that an encore resulted.

"MISS MARIE NARELLE'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 August 1899), 7

"MARIE NARELLE DEAD", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 January 1941), 8

Bibliography and resources:

G. P. Walsh, "Narelle, Marie (Molly) (1870-1941)", Australian dictionary of biography suppl. (2005)

NASH, Christina Matilda (Mrs. NASH; Mrs. Alfred NASH; Mrs. Henry William THIRKELL) = Christina Matilda THIRKELL

NASH, Benjamin (Benjamin NASH; Mr. NASH)

Tenor vocalist, tailor, draper, member of parliament

Born Birmingham, England, 5 March 1829; son of John and Anne NASH
Married Anne IDE (1822-1873), Birmingham, England, 1852
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1855
Arrived Adelaide, SA, July 1855
Died Menindie, SA, 19 April 1890 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (24 February 1858), 1 

EAST TORRENS INSTITUTE. - The Committee have arranged with Mr. Chapman to give a VOCAL and INSTRUMENTAL CONCERT at Kensington, on Wednesday evening, February 24, when he will be assisted by his full Orchestra, and by Mrs. Paine, Miss Pettman, and Mr. Nash, as Vocalists. -
PROGRAMME. PART I . . . 3. Song - "Good by, Sweetheart, good by," - Mr. Nash . . .
PART II . . . 10. Song - "Rocked in the Cradle of the Deep," Mr. Nash . . .

"EAST TORRENS INSTITUTE", Adelaide Observer (27 February 1858), 3 

On Wednesday evening, a concert, instrumental and vocal, was given at this Institute, on which occasion there was in attendance a respectable audience, consisting of about 80 ladies and gentlemen. The concert, under the direction of Mr. Chapman, commenced with an overture, which was played with much precision and effect. Several songs followed, amongst which might be mentioned "Good bye, sweetheart, good-bye," sung by Mr. Nash. This vocalist has a very fair voice, but it would produce a much better effect if he could get rid of the curious mannerism of closing and opening his eyes in a way that produces laughter when the audience should be moved by quite other feelings. He was, however, encored in this song, and deservedly so . . .

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (6 February 1860), 1 

WHITE'S BOOMS. TUESDAY, February 7, 1860.
Pianist - Mr. Richelieu. Cornet-a-Piston - Mr. McCulloch.
Vocalists - Mrs. A. Wallis (first appearance since her arrival from Melbourne).
Miss Louisa Grant (from the City Hall, Glasgow), her first appearance in Adelaide.
Tenor - Mr. Nash. Basso - Mr. Ball.
Local Songs by the celebrated Nondescript, and Sam Cowell's burlesques in character. The strictest order will be observed, and the study of the Manager will be to provide a cheap, rational, and first class entertainment.

"Obituary", Evening Journal (21 April 1890), 2 

The announcement of the death of Mr. Benjamin Nash, who was one of the representatives of West Torrens in the House of Assembly, will be received with very general regret . . . Mr. Nash was born at Birmingham on March 5, 1829, and in 1855 arrived in Melbourne, remaining there for three months before coming over to Adelaide in July of that year. Some time afterwards he opened up a business in Leigh street as a tailor . . . From 1858 till 1865 Mr. Nash was a member of the West Adelaide contingent of volunteers, who served under Colonel Mayo, and he carried out the first contract in the colony for the manufacture of uniforms, the number being 1,800. He was specially fond of music, and up to the last retained a very powerful tenor voice, which he delighted to exercise. Mr. Nash, who was married twice, leaves a widow, two sons (Messrs. J. G. Nash, an engineer of this city, and Mr. J. F. Nash, of Sydney), two married daughters (Mrs. J. J. Leahy, wife of a well-known contractor, and Mrs. T. Carter, of Roseworthy), and one single daughter . . .

NASH, George (George NASH; Mr. G. NASH)

Bass vocalist

Active Perth, WA, by 1838
Departed WA, by early 1848 (for England) (shareable link to this entry)


"WESTERN AUSTRALIAN CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY", The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal (10 November 1838), 178 

"Performance of Sacred Music", Inquirer (14 May 1845), 1

. . . The next was an exquisite air, and trio, of Fitzpatrick, Father of Mercy, very beautifully sung by Mrs. Maycock, Miss A. Trigg, and Mr. G. Nash . . . the fine bass of Mr. Nash rendered the harmony complete, and left nothing for the most critical ear to cavil at.

[News], The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News (29 January 1848), 3 

. . . Mr. Bussell is appointed Storekeeper vice Mr. G. Nash who has resigned and returns to England . . .

NASH, Henry George (Henry George NASH; H. G. NASH)

Baritone vocalist

Born VDL (TAS), 7 December 1845
Active Ballarat, VIC, by 1866
Active Adelaide, SA, by 1874
Died Henley Beach, SA, 22 May 1929, aged 84 (shareable link to this entry)


"FIFTY YEARS A CHORISTER", The Register (3 July 1916), 5

Mr. H. G. Nash's Record. "I began my career as a chorister in what is now known as the Christ Church Pro-Cathedral, Ballarat, shortly before I reached my 21st birthday, and, as I am still a member of the St. Peter's Cathedral Choir, I consider I have attained my jubilee in choir work," remarked Mr. H. G. Nash to a reporter on Saturday. Mr. Nash has retired from the railways service on account of the age stipulation, after 43 years' service in the department. He is the only foundation member of the choir of St. Peter's Cathedral, North Adelaide, who is still contributing his services. The choir was inaugurated in 1878. Mr. Nash was born in Tasmania on December 7, 1845, and when very young was taken by his parents to reside in Victoria. He lived in Geelong for about six years, and received his education at the Geelong Grammar School. He regards with pride the fact that he was one of the first scholars to go into the new building. A Veteran Baritone. Mr. Nash is an old musical identity in Adelaide, and has delighted many large audiences with his excellent baritone voice. Almost immediately after his arrival in South Australia he joined the choir of St. Paul's Church, and the old Adelaide Philharmonic Society, in which he made his first public appearance as a soloist in this province. On that occasion he sang the baritone solos in Mendelssohn's 'Elijah'. From that time onward he took part in many of the principal concerts held in Adelaide, and had the privilege of singing with such well-known vocalists as Mrs. Palmer, Miss Ada Crossley, Madam Kate Thayer, Madam Antoinette Sterling, and Messrs. Charles Santley, Armes Beaumont and others. He has sung solo parts in 'The Messiah,' 'The Creation,' 'Judas Maccabeus,' 'Calvary,' 'The Redemption,' 'Israel in Egypt,' and numerous cantatas, the most important being Cowen's 'Sleeping Beauty', 'Damon and Phithias,' and Gade's 'Lion.' In the last-named work - which has been rendered three times in Adelaide - Mr. Nash has sung the baritone solo (the only solo in the piece) on each occasion. The last performance was only a week or two before his 70th birthday, when the work was given at the last Advent Oratorio service in St. Peter's Cathedral. Some of his musical friends then remarked that he had never done anything better. Mr. Nash himself considers that in the singing of this beautiful but most trying solo he has been at his best. A Notable Performance. An event upon which the veteran linger looks back with particular satisfaction was be notable production by the late Adelaide Musical Association of 'The Sleeping Beauty' in the Jubilee Exhibition Hall in 1888 [recte 1889], at which it was estimated between four and five thousand people attended, the whole of the floor space of the building was occupied. The performance was conducted by the composer (Sir Frederick Cowen) himself, who had completed his enragement as musical director of the Melbourne Exhibition concert in 1887 [recte 1888]. Mr. Nash sang the baritone solos, and has always considered it to be the most important concert in which he has participated. Another notable work with which Mr. Nash was associated was the presentation by the St Peter's Cathedral Choir of Brahms's 'Requiem,' about 12 years ago, when he took the principal part. As Enthusiastic as Ever. Mr. Nash has pleasant recollections of his association with Madam Kate Thayer, the gifted American soprano, who came to Adelaide about the year 1880 [recte 1882], and gave a series of 12 Saturday popular concerts which were so well received that she arranged an additional 12. Mr. Nash was engaged at the whole 24 concerts, and had be satisfaction of being assured by Madam Thayer that his services had materially added to the success of the undertaking. Although the veteran singer has more than reached the proverbial three-score years and ten, he is still as keen as ever, and loves his work in the Cathedral Choir as much as he did in his younger days.

"PERSONAL", Chronicle (12 January 1924), 40

"MR. H. G. NASH", Chronicle (23 May 1929), 31 

NASH, John Franklin (John Franklin NASH; J. F. NASH)

Artist, printer, engraver, song publisher

Born Hackney, London, 5 February 1832; baptised St. Marylebone, 1 May 1834; son of Benjamin NASH and Jane ?
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by c. 1853
Departed Melbourne, VIC, by c. 1856
Died King's Norton, Worcestershire, England, 1884 (3rd quarter), aged "52" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. Marylebone . . . in the year 1834; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL) (PAYWALL)

[1834] May 1 / John Franklin son of / Benjamin & Jane / Nash / Exeter St. Paddington / Clerk / [born] 5 Feb. 1832

England census, 30 March 1851, Kensington, Middlesex; UK National Archives, HO 107 / 1468 (PAYWALL)

Campbell Hill terrace No. 1 / John Thompson / Head / 65 / Artist Xylographist / [born] Manchester
John Franklin Nash / Articled Pupil / 19 / Artist's App. / [born] Hackney Mddx.

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 October 1853), 8 

M. J. FRANKLIN NASH, Designer and Engraver on Wood. Orders taken at 14 Swanston-street south.

[Advertisements], The Argus (24 June 1854), 8 

BOOKS - Whistle Binkie, with autographs, and a variety of Song Books. Arthur and Nash, Smith-street.

WOOD Engraving. - J. F. Nash, Draughtsman and Engraver, Smith-street, Collingwood.

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 October 1854), 8 

DISSOLUTION of Partnership. - Notice is hereby given that the partnership hitherto existing between William Arthur, and John Franklin Nash, Booksellers, Stationers and Engravers, of Smith-street, Collingwood, is this day dissolved by mutual consent. WILLIAM ARTHUR, JOHN FRANKLIN NASH. Witness: - Henry Green. Melbourne, October 13,1854.

[Advertisement], The Argus 10 March 1855), 7 

PUBLISHED This Day, Price 2d. each, Nos. 1, 2, and 3, of Popular Songs. Sold by J. F. Nash, 42 Flinders-lane east. E. W. Arthur, Wellington-street, Collingwood.

"MELBOURNE", Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (25 July 1855), 2 

Yesterday afternoon, Franklin Nash and Charles Lockington, better known as the proprietors of the Melbourne Pictorial Times, were arrested by the police on a charge of of obtaining goods under false pretences . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 August 1855), 7 

DISSOLUTION OF PARTNERSHIP. - The Partnership hitherto existing between John Franklin Nash and Charles Lockington, trading under the firm of J. F. Nash and Co., as Engravers, Printers, and Publishers, is this day dissolved by mutual consent. Signed - J. FRANKLIN NASH, C. LOCKINGTON. Witness, John Glyndro. Melbourne, August 17th, 1855.


Sir Roger, a Tichborne ballad ([London]: H. G. Clarke, [1873]) ["J. F. Nash Sc."] (DIGITISED) (DIGITISED) 

ASSOCIATIONS: Tichborne claimant

NASH, J. P. (? Joseph NASH; Mr. J. P. NASH)

Minstrel, serenader, vocalist, guitarist, agent (New York Serenaders; Rainer's Serenaders)

Arrived (1) George Town, near Launceston, TAS, 26 February 1851 (per Spartan, from California, via Tahiti)
Departed (1) Fremantle, WA, 10 December 1851 (per Royal Saxon, for Calcutta)
Arrived (2) Sydney, NSW, 16 May 1853 (per Mary and Ellen, from California, via Melbourne)
Departed (2) Fremantle, WA, 4 January 1855 (per Eleanor, for Port Louis, Mauritius) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

See also (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (1 March 1851), 133

"THE SERENADERS", Colonial Times (1 April 1851), 2

"LOCAL", The Cornwall Chronicle (7 May 1851), 284 

The New York Serenaders gave their third concert, at the Cornwall Rooms, on Monday evening last, at which the best bill of the season' nas presented, comprising many of their most favorite songs and melodies. Owing to the inclemency of the weather, heavy showers of rain having fallen during the day, and continuing at periodic intervals during the night, the attendance was but limited, the spacious room not being above half filled. Mr. Cushing announced that if the audience had no objection they would sing in their white faces, and would be happy to sing any extra song they might be called upon, - and, certainly, great credit is due to them for the good humour and courtesy with which they entertained every request, and the audience were not sparing in their calls upon them. The favorite duet on the flutina and guitar was, of course, encored, and Messrs. Pierce and Nash played one of Julien's prettiest polkas, to the enthusiastic delight of the audience. The "Life by the Galley Fire" - a very pleasant life - en passant, "with coppers of boiling wine," ad libitum, sung by Mr. Pierce, was deservedly encored. Besides the songs upon the programme, three several calls were made upon Mr. Nash to sing, "O would I were a boy again," "Sally White," and "Julia Green," all of which were answered with the greatest complaisance. Owing to the absence of the conundrums and witticisms, the concert was over a little earlier than usual. The serenaders gave universal satisfaction, and announce their last performance for the benefit of Messrs. Lee and Pierce on Friday evening next.

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (5 July 1851), 3

"DEPARTURES", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 October 1851), 2

"THE LAST NIGHT OF THE SERENADERS", South Australian Register (12 March 1855), 3 

The Victoria Theatre will this evening present the last scene in which Rainer's Serenaders intend to figure before the Adelaide public. This popular company has had a most triumphant (theatrical) campaign. No doubt the secret of their success lies in the fact that they and not the public exercised "sweet voices," and poured out a profusion of "silvery notes" in exchange for the golden notions (opinions) liberally bestowed upon them. As the captain is or should be the last man to leave his craft, so the Managing Agent of Rainer's company is the last who takes his farewell benefit, and solicits the support of a public which has hailed his every appearance with encouragement and rewarded his every effort with applause. Mr. Nash has many peculiar claims on those who have attended the Theatre during the run of the Serenaders; he it was who, as Agent, made such admirable arrangements for the comfort and convenience of the audience; it was his creditable regard for the feelings of the right-minded that tabooed the dress-circle to all improper or doubtful persons; and all this was effected in that quiet, unobtrusive, but masterly manner, so different from the fussy inefficiency of even a well meaning incapable. As a member of the company, Mr. Nash is deservedly a favourite; his tasteful, gentlemanly style of sentimental singing contrast most favourably with the rollicking fun of Moran, the more subdued gaiety of Brewer, the solemn bass of Rainer, and the "everything by fits and nothing long" of Protean Foans. Nash's ballads also, appealing as they do to the finer feelings and gentler sympathies of our nature, redeems in some degree from the censure of the serious the frivolous and outre productions of the Ethiopian muse. Taking his benefit on this, the last night of the season, Mr. Nash has the advantage of being able to call from the stock of amusements presented by the company those pieces only which are certain to please, while his novelties, doubtless well chosen, must also be unique, as no future opportunity can occur of repeating them. A glance at the printed programme will prove how desirous Mr. Nash is to secure the greatest possible amount of pleasure for hia friends; while the promised entertainment is just in quantity and quality what might be expected from "one who lives to please, and can please to live." The house will, of course, be full; but Mr. Nash has made such judicious arrangements that not one of his supporters will have cause to say it was too full.

Musical works:

When others tell thee of their love, written by R. T. Cosby, melody composed & respectfully dedicated to Miss Olivia L. Blanchard by J. P. Nash (Louisville: Peters and Webb, [1848]) (DIGITISED)

All around and all above thee, or Maiden fair, words by F. Cosby, esq., melody by J. P. Nash, arranged for the piano forte, and respectfully dedicated to Miss Sallie Ward [by H. J. Peters] (Louisville: Peters, Webb & Co., [1850]) (DIGITISED)

Other musical sources:

Nelly was a lady, New York Serenaders, as sung by Joseph Nash 

Bibliography and resources:

Fifth annual report of the board of regents of the Smithsonian Institution . . . showing the operations . . . during the year 1850 (Washington, DC: Senate and House, 1-7 March 1851), 308 

[Acquisitions, music] . . . Nash (J. P.) "All around and all above thee," or "Maiden fair." Words by F. Cosby, Esq. Melody by J. P. Nash. Arranged for the piano forte, by H. J. Peters: 4to 5p - Louisville, published by Peters, Webb & Co., 1850; deposited by Peters & Webb, 25 May, 1850.

Wittman 2010, Empire of culture, 51, 59 note 89, 65 note 107 (DIGITISED)

NASH, William Henry (William Henry NASH; W. H. NASH)

Organist, surveyor, architect

Born Bassingbourne, England, 29 August 1829; son of William Hollick NASH and Mary Georgiana THURNALL
Active Sydney, NSW, 9 January 1864 (per Otago, from London)
Married (2) Harriet GEE (1845-1884), NSW, 7 April 1866
Died Petersham, NSW, 28 June 1887 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)




. . . The organ, the front of which was made originally too wide, was erected under the superintendence of Mr. William Henry Nash, who prepared the original specification, solely by Mr. Charles J. Jackson, and has been very successful indeed in his work, and which reflects the greatest credit on his ability. Mr. Jackson's father is an organ-builder, possessing a large provincial reputation in England, and has built organs for the Collegiate Institute, Liverpool, and Chester Music Hall. The committee may fairly be congratulated on the success of their labours, and Mr. Nash is entitled to no small praise for the able manner in which he has performed his very onerous and responsible duties as the superintendent of the whole erection. On Wednesday evening next a second public performance will take place, when Mr. Rea, Mr. W. H. Nash, and Mr. C. E. Horsley will perform.


. . . The first pieces were played by Mr. William Henry Nash, organist of Christ Church, and comprised Handel's occasional overture, given with much taste, decision, and power, which was succeeded by the andante symphony, No. 1, by Beethoven, followed by J. S. Bach's fugue in E flat major, commonly known as Anne's fugue, played with skill and precision, the pedal portion of the fugue being very well played indeed. The aria, "If with all your hearts" was given with much expression, and exhibited the organ to advantage, but the time was somewhat too slow. Mendelssohn's "Wedding March" concluded Mr. Nash's performance, and here again the organist did not do himself justice, for the same reason. Otherwise Mr. Nash showed a thorough knowledge of the organ, and exhibited its beauties to much advantage . . .

"CHRIST CHURCH MUSICAL AND LITERARY INSTITUTE", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 August 1867), 4 

"ORGAN PERFORMANCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 July 1869), 4 

A public performance on the organ of the Pitt-street Congregational Church, marking the occasion of its enlargement and improvement by Mr. C. J. Jackson was, with the permission of the pastor and managers of the church, given last evening . . . The organists who took part in the performances were Mr. W. J. Cordner (St. Mary's Cathedral), Mr. W. H. Nash, B.A. (Christchurch), and Mr. A. Rea (Pitt-street Congregational Church) . . . The second portion of the programme was taken by Mr. Nash. This comprised two choruses by Handel beginning with that in "Saul," "How excellent is Thy name," and concluding with the celebrated "Hailstone Chorus," from "Israel in Egypt;" in the interval between them he played an allegretto sonata No. 4 (Mendelssohn), Bach's difficult pedal figure G minor, and the beautiful aria from "Elijah," "Oh rest in the lord." The sweetly soft movement of the sonata was well brought out, and the "Hailstone Chorus" produced with great effect on the full organ. The fugue (Sonata, No. 4) was written by Bach especially for the organ; it was played with full power, and entirely on the pedal . . .

NASH.- June 28, at 8.30 p.m., at his residence, the Boulevard, Petersham, suddenly, after a few hours' illness, W. H. Nash, B.A. (London), M.A. (Sydney), son of the late William Hollick Nash, of Royston, England, and brother of Edmund Nash, M.D., London, aged 57 years and 10 months.

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 July 1887), 1 

"ECCLESIASTICAL JURISDICTION", New South Wales Government Gazette (8 July 1887), 4450 

Bibliography and resources:

Hand-book of St. Andrew's Cathedral Sydney with subjects of the windows &c. &c (Sydney: Joseph Cook & Co., [1868]), 6-7 (DIGITISED)



Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1839 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Austral-Asiatic Review, Tasmanian and Australian Advertiser (26 February 1839), 1 

MR. PECK begs leave respectfully to announce to the Ladies and Gentlemen of Hobart Town, and its vicinity, that it is his intention to give a
GRAND MISCELLANEOUS CONCERT Of Vocal and Instrumental Music, to take place on the Evening of
TUESDAY, FEBRUARY THE 26th 1839, In the Theatre, Campbell-street, Hobart Town . . .
Principal Instrumental Performers. - Mr. Duly, Mr. Peck, Mr. Reichenberg, and a Lady and Gentleman Amateurs from the Liverpool Concert
Principal Vocal Performers - Miss Nathan, Mr. Shaw, Mr. Bennett, Mr. Jackson, and Mr. Bland.
PART I . . .
Glee, three voices - "Blow gentle Gales" - Bishop . . .
Song - "Araby's Daughter," A YOUNG LADY - Moore . . .
Glee - "Peace to the Souls of the Heroes" - Calcott . . .
PART II . . .
Glee four voices - "Here in cool Grot" - Earl Mornington . . .
Glee three voices - "Zitti Zitti Piano," II Barbiere de Seviglia - Rossini . . .
Song - The Maid of Judah - Sloman . . .
Finale - God Save the Queen . . .

"THEATRICALS", The Austral-Asiatic Review, Tasmanian and Australian Advertiser (28 April 1840), 7 

NATHAN, Henry (Henry NATHAN)

Singer (Hobart Synagogue)

Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1842; free (shareable link to this entry)

Summary (after Levi):

With his friend Edward Isaacs, Nathan was one of "the group of young congregational activists who helped establish a synagogue in Hobart Town. He sang in the choir at the consecration service and was chosen to read a psalm in Hebrew at the service." He was in Sydney in the 1870s, and later followed the gold rush to Dunedin NZ. (Levi, These are the names (2006), 612)




"THE SYNAGOGUE", Colonial Times (11 July 1845), 3

In answer to numerous enquiries as to whether the gentlemen composing the choir at the opening of the Jewish Synagogue last Friday were professionals, we can inform our readers that the whole of them (consisting of Messrs. M. S. Simeon, treble; D. Allen, tenor; E. Isaacs, counter tenor; Isaac Solomon and H. Nathan, bass) were young men of the Hebrew religion, one of whom (Mr. Simeon) had assisted in a similar ceremony at home, and remembering the melodies, sung them to Mr. Reichenberg, who most felicitously melodized them. Mr. R attempted, and it must be admitted, accomplished the teaching five persons to sing in parts, and acquiring himself sufficient Hebrew to comprehend what he had to teach, in a manner which must increase the already high opinion entertained by the Tasmanian public of his professional superiority.

"THE SYNAGOGUE", The Observer (15 July 1845), 3 

In our last a paragraph was omitted in which we sought to do justice to some whose names were not mentioned with that praise which was due to them for the part they performed in the opening service at the Synagogue. The music we learn was brought to this colony by Mr. Simeon, whose melodious voice was so much admired in company with the voice of Messrs. Edward Isaacs, Henry Nathan, David Allen, and Isaac Solomons. The vocal attraction at the Synagogue is likely to draw many visitors from time to time, whose interest is not likely to stop with that gratification, or benefit be confined to the hearing of the ear.

Bibliography and resources:

Levi 2013, These are the names, 325


NATHAN, Alfred

NATHAN, Charles



NATHAN, Rosetta

NATHAN, Temple

Go to main Nathan family main page:

NATHAN FAMILY (family of Barnett Moses NATHAN and Julia SOLOMON)

Juvenile vocalists, musicians, dancers, actors

Active Australia, 1855-1870

 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

NATHAN, Barnett Moses (Barnett Moses NATHAN; Barnet; B. M. NATHAN)

Theatrical manager, publican

Arrived Adelaide, SA, 1 October 1855 (cabin passengers, per Caucasian, from London, 4 June)
Active Sandhurst, VIC, by October 1856
Departed Sydney, NSW, 30 April 1870 (per Moneta, for san Francisco) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

NATHAN, Julia (Julia SOLOMON; Mrs. Barnett NATHAN)

Actor, vocalist

NATHAN, Julia (Julia NATHAN, junior)

NATHAN, Edward (Edward NATHAN)

NATHAN, Louis (Louis NATHAN)

Arrived Adelaide, SA, 1 October 1855 (cabin passengers, per Caucasian, from London, 4 June)

NATHAN, Marion (Marion NATHAN; Marian NATHAN; Mary Ann NATHAN)

? Born Sandhurst, VIC, 1858


NATHAN, Selina (Selina NATHAN)


From their first appearances in Adelaide in 1864, theatrical manager Barnet Moses Nathan toured his young family in Australia and New Zealand during the 1860s before leaving for California in 1870.


? "COURT FOR RELIEF OF INSOLVENT DEBTORS", The London gazette (21 March 1854), 931 

Barnett Nathan, late of No. 180, Ratcliffe Highway, Middlesex, Oil and Italian Warehouseman. - In the Debtors' Prison for London and Middlesex.

? [Insolvents], The London gazette (7 April 1854), 1123 

Barnett Nathan (also known as Barnett Moses Nathan), formerly of No. 34, Marchmont-street, at the same time also of No. 7. Compton-place, Brunswick-square, and late of No. 180, Ratcliffe-highway, all in the county of Middlesex, Oil and Colour Man, and Italian Warehouseman, part of the time out of business or employ.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVED", South Australian Register (2 October 1855), 2 

Monday October 1 . . . The barque Caucasian, 537 tons, W. Davidson, master, from London June 4, the Downs June 11. R. H. Grierson, Town; W. Scott, Port, agents. Passengers - . . . Mr. and Mrs. Nathan, Miss Julia Nathan, Masters Edward and Lewis Nathan, Mr. and Miss Solomon, and Dr. Hughes, in the cabin . . .

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVED", Adelaide Times (2 October 1855), 2 

Monday, October 1 - The barque Caucasian . . . Passengers . . . Mr. and Mrs. Nathan and infant . . . Lewes, Edward and Julia Nathan, and T. Solomon, in the cabin . . .

"BIRTHS", The Argus (4 October 1856), 4

On the 12th ult., at Bendigo, Mrs. Barnett Moses Nathan, of a son.

"THE THEATRE", Bendigo Advertiser (11 August 1857), 3 

. . . The part of Evelyn, performed by Miss Julia Nathan, only four years of age, was quite a surprise to those of the audience who had not seen it on Saturday evening . . .

"BILLSTICKERS BEWARE", Bendigo Advertiser (31 March 1859), 2

Barnett Nathan, a professional billsticker, appeared to answer the summons of Edward Coates, a brother disseminator of mural literature, charging him with damaging some boards, which, it was alleged, were the property of the complainant. It was shown that a partnership in the paste line had existed till within a short period, and that the property in question, was part of the professional plant. After hearing a considerable amount of recrimination, the Bench dismissed the case, leaving it an open question as to the right of either party to the "show-boards," a trial of right will no doubt be the result between the litigants.

"THE CASTLEMAINE AMATEURS. To the Editor of the . . .", Bendigo Advertiser (8 October 1860), 2

Sir, - Having heard from Mr. Nathan that severe! parties had inquired of him respecting the proceeds of the performance that the Castlemaine Garrick Club are about giving in Sandhurst, at the Theatre Royal, this evening, the 8th instant, I beg to state, for the information of those parties and the inhabitants of Bendigo, that the proceeds of that night's performance will be handed over to the Committee of the Taranaki Relief Fund of Sandhurst, and not to the Castlemaine Committee, as is supposed.
By your giving this publicity you will greatly oblige, Yours truly,
B. M. NATHAN, For F. Stewart, Secretary to the Castlemaine Garrick Club.
Castlemaine, 5th October, 1860.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (5 January 1863), 1

LYCEUM THEATRE. GRATUITOUS COMPLIMENTARY BENEFIT TO MR. B. M. NATHAN. Lyceum Theatre, Sandhurst, 30th December, 1863 . . .
Solo on the Cornet By Master Nathan (Age six years - pupil of Mr. Hallis) . . .

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (24 February 1863), 6 

Barnett Moses Nathan, of Sandhurst, theatrical manager. Causes of insolvency - Losses incurred as manager of the Lyceum Theatre, Sandhurst, and Theatre Royal, Castlemaine. Liabilities, £207 17s. ; assets, £5; deficiency, £202 17s. Mr. Courtney, official assignee.

"VICTORIA THEATRE", South Australian Register (28 May 1864), 2

"JOEY GOUGENHEIM'S BENEFIT", South Australian Register (16 June 1864), 2 

It will be seen by an advertisement in another part of this paper that Miss Joey Gougenheim takes her benefit on the evening of Friday, the 17th . . . The fine old comedy of "Wives as they were and Maids as they are" will be a treat which lovers of the legitimate drama cannot allow to pass unseen, and an interlude will for the first time introduce to public notice the very talented children of Mr. Nathan as musicians. Master Edward Nathan will perform a solo on the cornet - an instrument over which he has acquired complete mastery - and he will be accompanied by Miss Julia Nathan on the piano. To those who have seen the Misses Julia and Maria Nathan in the ballet, it is only necessary to say that they will repeat their favourite dances, the Highland fling and nautical hornpipe . . .

"BENCH OF MAGISTRATES", South Australian Register (13 September 1864), 3

"VICTORIA THEATRE", South Australian Register (28 September 1864), 3

[News], The South Australian Advertiser (26 April 1865), 2

A complimentary benefit will be given on Friday night at the theatre to the clever young family of Mr. Nathan, the acting manager. The performances will consist of the Easter pantomime, which will be played first, a musical melange by the Nathan Family, and a laughable afterpiece.

"THE JUVENILE NATHAN TROUPE", South Australian Register (11 September 1865), 3 

These clever little comedians played on Thursday and Friday evenings at the Port They were well received, but other matters of a more serious character diminished the attendance that would otherwise have rewarded their exertions. The style in which they played "Bombastes Furioso" is highly spoken of, and the petit Marion's song and dance "Finnigan's Wake" were very successful. Mrs. Nathan sang the beautiful ballad "Wilt thou be my bride, Kathleen," and Miss Julia the song "Not Married Yet." Other songs and dances followed, all of which were heartily applauded, and the performance concluded with a comic ballet "The Village Coquette." The troupe, it will be seen, are to appear this evening and to-morrow evening at the Oddfellows' Hall, Gawler Town, and other evenings during the week as indicated in the advertisement.

[News], The Argus (21 July 1868), 5

At the Theatre Royal last evening the performances of the Nathan Juvenile Troupe constituted the sole entertainment provided. This company consists of the Nathan family, viz.; Mrs. Nathan [sic], Mrs. B. M. Nathan, the children, Julia, Selina, Edward, Louis, and Marion Nathan; and Messrs. J, Small and J. Chambers. These performers undertook the whole business of the evening, which included the representation of three pieces, to wit, the comedy of "Andy Blake", the farce of "The Colonial Servant", and "The Happy Man", and a duet on the cornet-a-piston by Masters Edward and Louis Nathan . . . It is proper to state that the youngest Miss Nathan is an "infant phenomenon" of a most pronounced type - a sort of sublimated Ninetta Crummles. Her infantine graces, dancing, mimicry, and humour, could not but amuse while she was on the stage . . . this youngest Miss Nathan ("la petite Marion", as she is designated in the playbills) is indeed a wonderful young person.

"THE NATHAN JUVENILE TROUPE", South Australian Register (8 September 1868), 2

"THE NATHAN JUVENILE TROUPE", New Zealand Herald (15 March 1869), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 December 1869), 8

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (29 January 1870), 1

"AMUSEMENTS IN NEW SOUTH WALES", The Herald (9 March 1870), 2 

The Nathan Juvenile Troupe, after a satisfactory season at the School of Arts, have gone into the suburbs, and at latest date were at New Town, near Sydney.

"THE DRAMA", Leader (7 May 1870), 18 

John Smith writes from the Prince of Wales Opera House, Sydney, under date 25th April . . . Barry O'Neil has gone to New Zealand en route to California, the Nathan family leave tomorrow by the ship Oneta [Moneta] for the same place.

"THEATRICAL NOTES", Empire (4 October 1870), 3 

. . . [among news from San Francisco] . . . The Nathan family never draw a one hundred dollar house. They are waiting for money from Australia to take them away . . .

"WANDERING MINSTRELS", The Herald (13 March 1872), 2 

For some considerable time past the Nathan Juvenile Troupe has completely disappeared from the public gaze. When in this colony their performances were always well and deservedly patronised, especially the really great talent displayed by "La Petite Marion." A letter doted on Christmas Day, 1871, just to hand, from Ogden, Utah Territory, tells of the ups and downs of the company during the snowy season. "On leaving Boise city we had a terrible journey across to Kelton; it took four days and nights, and should have been done in two days and a half. It snowed hard all the way; we had no sleep, and the fare on the road was very bad. I will give you an idea," continues Mr. Nathan, the father of the troupe . . . [quotes letter extensively]

"AMUSEMENTS IN AMERICA", The Australasian (18 May 1872), 19 

The Nathan Troupe, consisting of Mr. and Mrs. B. M. Nathan, the Misses Marion, Selina, and Julia Nathan, Masters Eddie and Louis Nathan, with Messrs. E. C. Mellville, Vincent, Summerfield, and Rickaby, after severe hardships in the snowy regions, have been performing at Cheyenne, Wyoming Territory, and on the 19th of February opened for a season at the Capital Theatre, Denver, to a crowded house.

"AMUSEMENTS IN AMERICA", The Australasian (21 September 1872), 18 

The Nathan Australian troupe have been doing immense business since their unfortunate snow trip. The company has been re-organised, and now consists of E. L. Melville, C. Vincent, La Petite Marion, Misses Julia and Selina Nathan, Edward and Louis Nathan, and William C. Dudley. At latest they were at Grand Rapids, Michigan.

"ANGLO-AUSTRALIAN ITEMS", The Age (17 January 1874), 5 

Marion Nathan, the principal member, of the Nathan troupe, is engaged for the Christmas piece at Drury Lane.

NATHANSON, Gottfried (Gottfried NATHANSON; Godfrey; Godfred; Mr. NATHANSON)

Bass vocalist, "opera singer", ? farmer, dyer

Born ? Sweden, 1834/5 (aged "25" at July 1859)
Active VIC, by 1859 (? as a farmer)
Married Caroline HALBERG, VIC, 1865
Departed Sydney, NSW, 29 August 1868 (per Alexander Duthie, with Lyster company, for San Francisco, USA)
Died USA, 24 November 1919 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Nathanson arrived in London on the John Bull from Hamburg on 14 March 1859. Described on the passenger manifest as a "farmer", aged "25", he departed from Liverpool on the Tudor on 17 July 1859 sailing for Melbourne, Australia.


[Advertisement], Empire (22 May 1860), 1 

. . . As before announced, will be given at the Prince of Wales Theatre for a season, limited to four weeks, four nights per week, viz. MONDAYS, TUESDAYS, THURSDAYS, and SATURDAYS, and will commence on the evening; of the 30th instant. The distinguished Artistes,
SIGNOR and SIGNORA BIANCHI, Who have been engaged at most enormous expense, will be ably supported by
Together with a powerful Chorus and augmented Orchestra, and that it be placed beyond the possibility of doubt that the public may be furnished with the following Operas, viz. : -
During the season of four weeks, Mr. COLVILLE has gone to great expense in bringing the great majority of the Company from Victoria, and who are all familiar with the pieces named, having already appeared therein in conjunction with SIGNOR AND SIGNORA BIANCHI . . .

"LAW REPORT. INSOLVENT COURT. Friday, October 12", The Argus (15 October 1860), 5 

NEW INSOLVENTS . . . Gottfried Nathanson, of Melbourne, dyer. Causes of insolvency - Want of employment, and loss of salary at Sydney and Ballarat as an opera singer. Debts, £33 12s. 10d.; assets, £2; deficiency, £31 12s. 10d. Mr. Jacomb, official assignee.

"THE OPERA", The South Australian Advertiser (22 April 1861), 3 

Relying, we suppose, upon the attractions of Fraulein Fannie and the Leopolds, Signor Bianchi had not announced any operatic novelty during the new season, till Saturday night, when "Il Barbiere di Sivigiia" was produced . . . The remaining part then was Don Basilio, filled by Mr. Nathanson, a gentleman who for the first time emerged from the obscurity of the chorus, and took his place amongst the stars. The character belongs rather to the passive than the active kind; its vocation is rather to suffer than to do; its humour is quiet, not demonstrative; but there is one thing in it which is always looked forward to with anxious expectation, and that is the famous descriptive song of "La calunnia," in which the gentle rise of calumny and its gradual increase in volume, until it becomes a universal chorus, are so graphically delineated. We are bound to say that Mr. Nathanson acquitted himself with considerable credit in this his opening effort; but like all grand morceaux, the aria is capable of almost infinite expression, and if he endeavours to enter yet more completely into the spirit of the song, he may give even a more successful rendering of it. As his voice, however, though clear is not powerful, he would do well to exert himself a little more, and so make the most of it . . .

"CALIFORNIAN THEATRICAL NEWS", The Australasian (25 September 1869), 18 

The following letter, from San Francisco, California, under date June 3, 1869, has kindly been placed at my disposal, and as it contains some news of old Melbourne favourites, it may perhaps be interesting to many of your readers:

"On our arrival with the Lyster troupe at this glorious place we had a splendid reception. The town, however, was half shaken down by an earthquake, and people were dying as fast as possible with the small-pox. So you see we had a nice place to come to. But that was not all. We opened a season of opera, but had to close rather sooner than we expected; it was the greatest failure you ever heard of. The people would not have Escott and Squires at any price, in fact, Ted Beaumont, Sutcliffe, and Miss Warden, were the only members of the company they appeared to care about, and the only ones that got any praise in the papers. The season came to an untimely end, and we all burst up. Mr. and Mrs. William Lyster left shortly after for Australia. Fred Lyster, Sutliffe, and Ted Beaumont are now singing at Magoire's Opera-house. Lyster is conductor, Beaumont principal tenor, and Sutliffe principal baritone. They were offered a very good engagement for six months, and as it was the only thing they could do here, they accepted. The people here do not care for any other than Christy Minstrel musical performances. Baker and Kitts have been playing with another minstrel troupe at the Alhambra Theatre, and Geraldine Warden has been very successful in her burlesque of "L'Africaine" at the same house. The only thing we do not like is the black faces, otherwise all is rosy. Squires and Escott have been giving a few concerts in the country, but have not made much out of them. Bachrach, Nathanson, and several others of the company, myself among the number, are about doing nothing particular. Madame Parepa Rosa has offered Beaumont a good engagement for six months after his present term is finished, and he has definitely accepted it. Sutcliffe, Baker, and Kitts have been written to by Carl Rosa, and his terms will most likely be accepted. Harry Jackson I hear has also been engaged, and will shortly start for New York. It is Madame Parepa's intention to open her opera season at the French Theatre in New York early in September. Miss Rose Hersee will come from England to appear on the opening night."


Violoncello player, cellist

Born ? Switzerland
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 29 April 1853 (per Chandernagore from London, 16 December 1852)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 1 October 1877 (per Avoca, for Venice, via Melbourne) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


? PP 509/89 Actes officiels concernant Octave Natthey, 1827.02.23-1869.04.06; Inventaires des Archive cantonales vaudoises (CH) 

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 April 1853), 4 

April 29 - Chandernagore, barque, 628 tons, Captain Edwards from London, December 16th and Downs December 23rd. Passengers - . . . Captain Nathey and attendant . . .

"LAW INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 September 1853), 5 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 December 1853), 7 

MADAME GAUTROT'S GRAND EVENING CONCERT, at the Royal Hotel, on Wednesday Evening, December 14. Under Distinguished Patronage . . . when she will be assisted by . . . Mr. Natty, the celebrated violoncelliste, recently arrived from the continent, who will make his first appearance . . . PROGRAMME. PART I . . . Solo - violoncello, Mr. Nattey . . .

"GRAND CONCERT IN AID OF THE GOULBURN HOSPITAL", The Goulburn Herald and County of Argyle Advertiser (31 May 1856), 4 

A Grand Concert of vocal and instrumental music, for the benefit of the Goulburn Hospital, was given last Thursday evening, in the grand concert room of the Commercial Hotel, Sloane-street, Goulburn . . . The performances were conducted by five amateurs, viz: - Mrs. Jewell, a songstress of very superior talent, from London; Mr. Isaac Davis, a young violinist, recently arrived in the colony from London, and who, although apparently not above eighteen years of age, displayed a mastership over his beautifully-toned instrument which elicited loud encomiums from the audience. In fact, he was encored upon every occasion. Mr. Holmes, a young gentleman engaged in the management of the Australian store, presided at one pianoforte, and Mr. Bennett at the other, Mr. Holmes taking part in the vocalism, and Mr. Bennett displaying his skill in two solos on the flutina, and was upon both occasions encored. Captain Natthey performed on the violincello, and his solo from the opera "Lucia di Lammermoor," was a most masterly performance, and called forth great tokens of approval. The selections of songs, &c., was highly creditable to the party or parties who made the arrangement, and seemed to suit the feelings and the wishes of all present. Mrs. Jewell was undoubtedly the " diamond" of the evening, and indeed it would be a task of extreme difficulty to single out any particular ballad in which she proved herself super-eminent, having been encored on the conclusion of every one of her songs. The lady's voice is a brilliant and clear soprano, while she displays great ability and tact in varying it from the soprano, through the counter-tenor to the treble. She sung the "Merry Zingara" in a most effective manner. If permitted the liberty of choosing the ballads in which she excelled, we would select "Lo, here the Gentle Lark, "In Fairy Bowers," and "The Genius of Freedom." The great differences of intonation and expression required to sing these songs with effect, are undeniable proofs of Mrs. Jewell's talent. The duet by Mrs. Jewell and Mr. Holmes "When a little farm we keep," created much amusement, and was encored, as also were the beautiful and well rendered duets - "When thy bosom heaves a Sigh," and "I know a Bank." The grand solo on the violin was also loudly applauded. Captain Natthey displayed great proficiency and masterly skill in his performance on the violincello, and was encored. Mr. Holmes was applauded over and over again, and evinced considerable skill as a pianist, and as a vocalist. He possesses an agreeable baritone voice. Mr. Bennett, in his performance on the flutina, also received great applause. So enthusiastic were the audience, and so excellent the performances, that the Concert was not concluded until half-past eleven o'clock, when the audience went away to their several residences, all evidently highly gratified at having passed so agreeable an evening. It is but justice to Mr. Coleman Jacobs, the Pianist, to state that he most kindly proffered his assistance at the Concert, but as the programme had been definitely arranged, his services were declined. We understand that the proceeds of the Concert will amount to between £40 and £50. We shall be able to give the exact amount in our next issue.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (4 October 1877), 4 

Avoca, P and O. Co 's s.s., 1,481 tons, J. W. Pockley, commander, from Sydney 1st inst. Passengers - . . . For Venice - Captain O. Nathey and Mr. C. W. Tancred . . .


Musician, orchestral musician, bandsman, Band of the 40th Regiment

Arrived (with 40th Regiment) Melbourne, VIC, 5 November 1852 (per Vulcan, from Cork)
Active Melbourne, VIC, until 1858 ? Discharged (or deserted) Melbourne, VIC, by 22 October 1859 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Argus (1 November 1854), 8

On Friday, November 3rd, The Philharmonic Society will perform Handel's Oratorio of The Messiah . . . Instrumentalists: . . . Ophicleide - Mr. Hartigan; Horn - Messrs. Kohler and Naughton; Leader - Mr. Jos. Griffiths; Conductor - Mr. Jno. Russell . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Hartigan (musician); Franz Kohler (musician); Joseph Griffiths (leader); John Russell (conductor); Melbourne Philharmonic Society (organisation)

Paylist of the 40th Regiment of Foot, 1 April to 30 June 1858; Australian Joint Copying Project, from Records held by the National Army Museum (DIGITISED)

1920 / Naughton George / Band

[Advertisement], The Age (16 November 1858), 1 

Paying at all times the deference which is due to the opinions of such an important organ for the dissemination of truth as the Press, we feel it actually due to ourselves when its aim is perverted, for what we must assume to be the gratification of malignity and personal spite, to make the announcement in reply.
The new operas produced by us at the Princess's Theatre have been acknowledged by all musical judges to be the best hitherto attempted in this young colony, and for the appliances obtainable not very far inferior to performances in the metropolitan theatres of England. Our Artistes are practised on the London and Parisian boards, our Musical Conductors have held the positions they now occupy in the Opera Houses in London; in the Orchestra we have musicians among the best obtainable, not only here, but in any part of the world; and yet by Mr. Neild, the reporter, an impression of our inefficiency has been created in the public mind, through the medium of the columns of the Argus and Examiner, which has been of serious injury to our undertaking.
We are all aware that newspaper reports are read and believed, the feelings that occasionally characterise and color them being unknown to the readers; but in this case it behoves us to draw the public attention to a comparison of Mr. Neild's criticisms with those of all the other public journals, not only to prove the utter incapacity of the writer, his ignorance of the simplest musical matters, and all absence of that feeling for one of the most humanizing arts, but to show that they are contrived with the malicious aim and intention of depriving us of our support as well as ruining our professional reputation in this city.
Our position and professional efforts being thus at the mercy of a person, who hides ignorance under the mask of facetiousness, we call upon the public in future to give their own verdict on our merits, and not to place any credence in the statements made by Mr. Neild in the columns of the Argus and Examiner.
[signed] L. H. Lavenu, Linly Norman,
Julia Harland, A. L. Llewellyn
Maria Carandini, Charles Manuell
Octavia Hamilton, W. C. Harris
E. Hancock, W. Baker
L. Laglaise, Franz Kohler
Emile Coulon, George Naughton
Adolph Schluter, Caspar Faur
Walter Sherwin, Lewis Benham
E. King, Henry Benham
H. Megson [sic], Edward Hancock
S. Chapman, E. Mathews
Julius Siede, M. Collins
J. C. Thompson, Theresa Andrew
H. Schmidt, Emma Parsons
M. Josephson, James Mitchell
J. T. Hore, J. B. Tate
T. McCoy, Henry J. King.

ASSOCIATIONS: James Edward Neild (reviewer)

Paylist of the 40th Regiment of Foot, 1 April to 30 June 1859; Australian Joint Copying Project, from Records held by the National Army Museum (DIGITISED)

1920 / Naughton George / Band

Paylist of the 40th Regiment of Foot, 1 October to 31 December 1859; Australian Joint Copying Project, from Records held by the National Army Museum (DIGITISED)

1920 / Naughton George / Band / Absent 22 to 31 [Oct] / Absent 1 to 30 [Nov] / Struck off 22 [Oct]

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 December 1859), 8 

MRS. THOM to the undersigned Ladies and Gentlemen of the Theatrical and Musical Profession in Melbourne.
Ladies and Gentlemen, -
I cannot leave this city without offering you my very sincere thanks for the handsome testimonials of your esteem and regard with which you have presented me . . .
I remain,
Very faithfully yours,
Miss Catherine Hayes | Mr. F. Webster
Mrs. C. Poole | - L. McGowan
Madame Carandini | - H. Richardson
Mrs. E. Hancock | - H. R. Chapman
Madame Strebinger | - H. H. Oates
Mrs. Chester | - J. Welsh
- Moor | - J. Byron
Mr. John Gregg | - J. Lavenu
- Lyall | - F. Strebinger
- E. Hancock | - F. Coppin
Signor Carandini | - H. Berg
G. V. Brooke, Esq. | - Sundborg [Lundborg]
G. Coppin, Esq. | - Prinz
C. Poole, Esq. | - E. D. King
Mr. Richard Younge | - A. Moore
- H. N. Warner | - H. Johnson
- G. H. Rogers | - H. Kohler
- E. H. Burford | - H. B. Gover
- S. Howard | - P. Thomas
- E. Russell | - Hurierbein [Huenerbein]
- T. Nunn | - Kohler
- W. Chester | - A. Plock
- J. E. Renno | - J. Murrell
- Charles | - G. Naughton
- Radford | - R. Ilsay
F. L. Bayne, Esq. | W. Bushnell, Esq.
J. Baurie, Esq. | - Jacomb, Esq.
Melbourne, December 19th, 1855.

ASSOCIATIONS: Eliza Thom (actor)

NAYLOR, Lizzie (Elizabeth Louisa NAYLOR; Lizzie NAYLOR = Lizzie EDOUIN (Mrs. Charles EDOUIN; Mrs. EDOUIN BRYER)

Actor, dancer, vocalist


Nyungar songman of the Mineng people

Died Katanning, WA, 1910, aged ? c. 80 (shareable link to this entry)

Nebinyan c.1908 (Bates collection, University of Adelaide)

Image: at


University of Adelaide, Adelaide research & scholarship, Daisy Bates image collection, record

[Undated (Bates)]: In the recitative which dealt with Nebinyan's whaling experiences, the whole gamut of native feeling appeared to be expressed: the sorrow of Nebin, as he saw his fire (home) recede further and further away; the stealthy gliding over the water towards the resting whale, the sharp look out, the growing excitement as the huge fish was approached; the great seas that threatened to swamp the whale boat; the swift and sure harpooning; the final surrender of the whale; the triumphant towing back to ship or beach, and the great rejoicing over the whale feast - each of these formed a song in itself, and the actions peculiar to each stage were faithfully rendered. Many portions of the song which had become familiar through frequent recital were chorused by male listeners, who kept a murmuring accompaniment throughout the recital, these choruses encouraging the chief singer and urging him on to fresh efforts by the favour thus shown to his compositions. The words of the song were merely the names applied by the natives to the details connected with whaling, but the actions accompanying the recitative illustrated the whole proceeding. These recitals, which were however not very frequent, often continued until the small hours of the morning, singers and audience being often contentedly droned to sleep by the continuous reiteration.

[Undated (Bates)]: [Image #] 9/64 Daisy Bates and her 90 folders of records Verso: My 90 folios comprising forty years study of every branch of aboriginal culture - social systems, vocabularies etc. etc. The volumes cover practically all Western Australia from Broome to Eucla etc. etc. Maps illustrate areas of remote groups and their areas etc. . . .

[Image #] 9/73 Nebinyan, whose people saw Flinders Verso: (Pencil note by Bates: This is not correct as when I wrote down Nebinyan's information I did not know Flinders had been here . . . I thought it was Cook and his ship (Manitchmat white cockatoo stock, clearer type) Flinders careened his ship near Two People Bay and while bartering went on, he made kindly contact with the natives. They brought water and wood to the ship to Flinders and his men. Everyone was kind and gentle towards the natives, who believed they were the spirits of their own dead. Before the ship left, Flinders showed his sense of their good behaviour by parading his marines in full dress before the natives. The natives thought it was a corroboree from the country of their dead and the men, taking their clubs, stood at each end of the marines, imitating every movement. They believed they were being shown a heavenly dance and every native studied every movement and motion. As soon as the ship had gone, in friendship and good feeling, the men rehearsed the dance and ochred their bodies (red coats) and whitened the cross bands and imitated every movement. Nebinyan was about 86 when he died (1909-10) (Nebinyan was not born in Flinders' time) and he remembered the markings and the bayonet movements and showed these to me - a unique occasion.

[Endnote by DMB in pencil:] My pencilled copy of Nebinyan's story which never varied in its details was unfortunately rubbed off this photo before being copied and the above printed by my young typist. I had however shown my original pencilling to Mr. Archivist Pitt (Public Library) after I had regained Flinders' own notes from Mr. Pitt.

[Image #] 9/73a Portrait of Nebinyan (3 copies and a negative)

[1938 (Bates)]: During the whole of my stay at the Katanning camp, a "spirit" fire (beemb) was lighted every evening at a spot a little distance from the camp. The beemb was lighted to the south-east of the huts, and round it a low semi-circle of bushes was arranged, with the opening also facing the south-east. The beemb was placed there to warm the spirit of Nebinyan, the last remaining Two People Bay native, who had died at the Katanning camp. Nebinyan's shelter was to the northwest of Baiungan's hut, and it was Baiungan who lighted the fire nightly in order to intercept Nebinyan's spirit, which she said might return to his own fire, in which case he must go through her hut, and perhaps injure herself or her children, and so the fire was lighted so that the spirit on its way back would rest and warm itself beside it, and come no farther.

University of Adelaide, Daisy Bates Papers, MSS 572.994 B32t; Series 2: Native testaments of old natives; Series 2. 2.7 Nebinyan; transcribed by Jane Walkley 

Bibliography and resources:

Bates 1938

White 1980

Gibbs 2003

Bracknell 2014a

NEEDHAM, Samuel Pascall (Samuel Pascall Brash NEEDHAM; S. Pascall NEEDHAM; S. P. NEEDHAM; S. Pascal NEEDHAM)

Organist, conductor, composer, writer on music

Born Temerton, Devon, England, 1847
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 30 April 1857 (aged 9, with parents, from London via Melbourne)
Married Katherine Haynes, Norwood, SA, 6 April 1869
Died Moreton, Rosewood, QLD, February 1914, aged 68 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony),%20pascal (WorldCat identity) (shareable link to this entry)

NEEDHAM, Edward William Haynes

Amateur choral singer and conductor, music reviewer

Born Bowman, SA, 13 April 1872
Died Rosedew, WA, 26 February 1899 (shareable link to this entry)


Needham is one of many once prominent colonial musicians who seem simply to disappear from view. Arundel Orchard rightly described him as a bank manager (60) and locally published works by him are catalogued. Was he, however, the same Pascal Needham who published several books and editions in England around 1900? Apparently, yes. We learn that, as a youngster, he was a favourite pupil of George Loder in Adelaide (indeed, one of his many sons was given the name George Loder Needham).

According to a post (2011), family historian Matt Needham suspected his great-grandfather was:

a bounder and possible polygamist! He abandoned his wife in WA in the 1880s and returned to England as a music teacher . . . One of SPB's elder sons brought him back to Australia in 1910.

In the 1891 UK Census he is recorded as a Professor of Music in Tunbridge Wells and claimed to be married to Frances Needham (born 1864, Paddington).

In the 1901 census Pascall, aged 53, born Temerton, Devon, was an assistant schoolmaster at the Royal Masonic School Wood Green, London. SPB and Frances had a son, Pascal, 7yo in 1901 (died in France in 1916).


"ST. MATTHEW'S CHURCH KENSINGTON", South Australian Register (29 July 1868), 2

"FUNERAL OF THE LATE MR. G. LODER", South Australian Register (17 July 1868), 2

[News], South Australian Chronicle (14 November 1868), 11

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (3 October 1872), 1

"THE CARANDINIS", South Australian Register (14 October 1872), 5

"BIRTH", South Australian Register (4 February 1875), 4

"PERTH INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION", The Inquirer (16 November 1881), 1s

Then followed the Cantata, at which there were one hundred voices, to the accompaniment of the Austrian Band. The opening chorus was sung with great effect. in unison, and was faultless. The solo in the Song of the Shepherds was most ably rendered by the Hon. Mr. Onslow, the chorus being ably supported and in good harmony. In the Chorus of the Pearl Divers, Mr. A. G. Rosser sung the solo with great effect, and the whole was loudly applauded. Mrs. C. L. Clifton in her rendering of the Song of the Pearl acquitted herself well; although her voice at first was rather tremulous she gained confidence and produced an effect upon the audience that will never be forgotten. The Chorus of Nations was well sustained, and the Processional March, played by the Austrian Band, was grand. The Prayer was full of pathos, and the Finale brought to a close the most effective music that has ever been heard in the colony. After the singing of the Cantata, Mr. Francis Hart, the writer, Mr. S. Pascal Needham, who set the words to music, and Herr Baunn, the leader of the Austrian Band, were presented to His Excellency, who complimented them on their several merits.

[Advertisement], The Herald (30 September 1882), 2s

"DRAMATIC GOSSIP", South Australian Register (16 August 1884), 7

"ITEMS OF NEWS", The Herald (22 August 1885), 3

"NEWS AND NOTES", The West Australian (16 October 1885), 3

THE following extract from the Adelaide Footlights will be read with interest by the many friends of Mr. Needham, late manager of the Fremantle branch of the Union Bank, and organist of St. John's: An esteemed correspondent sends us the following interesting sketch of the newly appointed conductor of the Melbourne Liedertafel: "Pascal Needham is an Irishman of good family, who has been forced by circumstances into other than the natural environments of a born musician. Until very lately he held a good position in the Union Bank, and after agonising in this inartistic atmosphere for many years, lately resolved to throw aside business trammels and devote himself solely to art. In Australia he was the late George Loder's favourite pupil and friend, Loder having frequently remarked that Needham was his superior in natural musical capacity and profound harmony. It was acknowledged that Needham's Exhibition cantata was best among those produced throughout the various colonies. He had written many strikingly original compositions, but in strict classical form, and amongst other works an opera, "The Fire King" for the production of which arrangements are being made with Carl Rosa. Needham in fact is a master; and Julius Hertz was not slow to recognise this and favoured his candidature for the conductorship mentioned in various reports although, among others, Signor Zelman was anxious to obtain the appointment. Great musicians are seldom celebrated as executants and I fancy Needham in this direction would shine mostly as an organist, an instrument he has played since the age of eight years. But take him as a thorough master of music, as a tone-poet, as a massive harmonist, as an original composer, and I do not believe his superior among English-speaking people exists. He is certainly among the first dozen living musicians of the world."

"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (3 November 1885), 9

"THE MUSIC OF ANTIGONE", The Argus (10 November 1885), 7

"A SUGGESTION", The Inquirer (24 October 1886), 2


"THE FREMANTLE TOWN HALL", The Inquirer (24 November 1886), 2

"MR. S. P. NEEDHAM", Western Mail (27 November 1886), 14

"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (3 September 1887), 11

[Advertisement], The Telegraph, St. Kilda, Prahran and South Yarra Guardian (24 March 1888), 7

"MEN AND THINGS", The Inquirer (17 October 1890), 5

"DEATH OF MR. E. W. NEEDHAM", The West Australian (27 February 1899), 5

That the son of Samuel Pascal Needham should be a musician was to be expected, and not only on his father's side but on his mother's also did he gain his love for music, one of Mrs. Needham's relatives being Thomas Haynes Bayley, a well-known English song writer. His was a prominent figure in musical circles. The well-known Highgate Musical Society of a few years back, which afterwards changed into the Perth Choral Society, and under both names afforded the people of Perth and Fremantle many a concert of high-class music, owed, apart from the talents of its members, which he carefully developed, the whole of its success to his conductorship. The choir of St. John's, Melbourne-road, owed the high reputation it bore a couple of years ago to his leadership, and other kindred bodies also profited in a similar degree by the lessons they gained under his bâton. As an evidence of the position he held in the city as a conductor it may be mentioned that after Mr. Justice Hensman resigned the conductorship of the Perth Musical Union, the position was offered to Mr. Needham, who, however, declined it. Of his work as musical critic of the WEST AUSTRALIAN, a position he held for some four years, we can only speak in terms of commendation. His intense desire for the most artistic expression of music rendered him, perhaps, somewhat exacting, but his natural kindness caused him to soften what might have seemed the asperities of his criticisms which wore always characterised by a distinct note of originality.

"Social", Queensland Times (21 February 1914), 7

There passed away last Monday morning at Nurse Burt's Nursing Home, Lowood, Mr. J. [sic] Pascal Needham, Mus. Doc., he was well known and highly respected by all, especially the musical world. The deceased gentleman suffered for some time from paralysis, which eventually was the cause of his death. He was 68 years of age, and leaves three sons to mourn their loss, one of whom is the Rev. J. S. Needham, who was recently superintendent of Yarrabah Mission, and formerly rector of the Anglican parish of Rosewood.

Musical works:

Stars of the summer night (First time, composed by S. Needham) (Adelaide, 1872)

Do not leave me (written and composed by S. Pascal Needham) (Melbourne: Allan & Co., [1885])

Exhibition cantata (The land of the Swan) (words: Francis Hart) (Perth, 1881) [words only survive complete]

Published excerpts:

The Song of the pearl (no copy identified)

Grand processional march (from The land of the Swan cantata composed by S. Pascal Needham) (Melbourne: De Gruchy & Co., [? 1881])

The fire king (opera, ? by 1884)

Magnificat and Nunc dimittis (composed by S. P. Needham) ([1886])

Also 10 items in the British Library catalogue, published in England 1899-1908 (musical works and editions, books about music, edited magazine)

NEEDS FAMILY - Dancing masters (shareable link to this entry)

NEEDS, Frank Hillier (Frank Hillier NEEDS; Mr. F. H. NEEDS)

Professor of dancing, dancing master (late of Her Majesty's Theatre, London)

Born ? England, c. 1831
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by May 1858
Died Sydney, NSW, 20/21 September 1884, aged 53 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

NEEDS, William Hillier (William Hillier NEEDS; Mr. W. H. NEEDS)

Dancing master

Born Sydney, NSW, 1859
Died Sydney, NSW, 24 May 1889 (shareable link to this entry)

NEEDS, Ernest (Ernest NEEDS; Mr. E. NEEDS)

Dancing master

Born Sydney, NSW, 1861
Died Darlinghurst, NSW, 20 December 1915, aged 54 (shareable link to this entry)

NEEDS, Horace (Horace NEEDS; Mr. H. NEEDS)

Dancing master, piano tuner and repairer

Born Sydney, NSW, 1863 (shareable link to this entry)

Frank Hillier Needs, dancing master, Sydney, c. 1870; photo: J. H. Newman; State Library of New South Wales

Frank Hillier Needs, dancing master, Sydney, c. 1870; photographer John Hubert Newman; State Library of New South Wales (DIGITISED)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 April 1858), 1 

PARRAMATTA DANCING ACADEMY. - Mr. F. H. NEEDS, teacher of dancing (late of her Majesty's Theatre, London), begs to announce that his academy, at Mr. J. Hutchinson's, Church-street, Parramatta, will open for the season on THURSDAY, April 29th, for instruction in the most fashionable style of dancing, deportment, and the calisthenic exercises. Juvenile class every Monday and Thursday afternoons, from 4 till 6 o'clock. Class for ladies end gentlemen, from 8 till 10 o'clock. Private lessons to persons of all ages, in all the fashionable dances, including La Polka, Schottische, Mazurka, Valse a Deux Temps, Redowa, Varsoviana, &c. Mr. Need's academy at Pyrmont will open for the season, on TUESDAY, May 4th. Schools and families punctually attended to.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 May 1858), 1

DANCING. - Mr. F. H. NEEDS, Teacher of Dancing, (late of Her Majesty's Theatre, London), begs respectfully to announce that his Academies are kept strictly select, and are open for instructions in the most fashionable style of Dancing, including Quadrilles, Contra Danse, Valse, Polka, Schottische, Valse a deux Temps, Redowa, Cellarius, Polka Mazurka, Varsoviana, &c., &c..
Church-street, Parramatta, Every MONDAY and THURSDAY.
Juvenile class, from four till six o'clock, Adult class, from eight till ten.
61, Union-street, Pyrmont.
Two minutes' walk from the Bridge, Every TUESDAY and FRIDAY.
Juvenile class, from four till six o'clock.
Adult class, from eight till ten.
Private lessons to persons of all ages, in all the above fashionable dances.
Schools and Families punctually attended.

"INSOLVENCY COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 April 1859), 4 

Frank Hillier Needs, of Pitt-street, Sydney, professor of dancing. Liabilities, £253 10s. 6d. Assets, value of personal property, £40 10s. Deficit, £213 0s. 6d. Mr. Mackenzie, official assignee.

"IN INSOLVENCY", New South Wales Government Gazette (3 May 1859), 976 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 January 1860), 1

DANCING ACADEMY, 147, Pitt-street North. - Mr. F. H. NEEDS begs to announce that his Academy is kept strictly select. Classes on TUESDAYS and FRIDAYS for instruction in Ballroom Dancing, including all the Fashionable Dances; also, the new elegant dance, "Le Pillet" (as danced at the London and Parisian Court Balls), Private lessons at all hours. Schools and families attended.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 December 1884), 2

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 September 1884), 1

NEEDS. - On September 20, Frank Hillier, at his residence, Nithsdale, 167, Liverpool-street.

"Funerals", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 September 1884), 12

[Probates], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 November 1884), 7

. . . Frank Hilliar Needs, £9304 . . .

"Needs' Rooms", Australian Town and Country Journal (27 May 1903), 36 

Related publication:

Le pillet; composed by Edwin H. Cobley; A new fashionable Spanish dance (as performed at the London and Parisian court balls); To F. H. Needs, Esq., and his pupils (Sydney: Charles T. Sandon, [1860]) 

NEILD, James Edward (James Edward NEILD; J. E. NEILD; Dr. NEILD; "Jacques"; "Tahite"; "Cleofas"; "The Grumbler")

Music and opera reviewer, writer, surgeon

Born Doncaster, Yorkshire, England, 6 July 1824
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1853 (per Star of the East)
Died Melbourne, VIC, 17 August 1906 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

James Edward Neild, visiting card, detail (Melbourne: Johnstone, O'Shannessy & Co., photographer, c. 1868); State Library of Victoria

James Edward Neild, visiting card, detail (Melbourne: Johnstone, O'Shannessy & Co., photographer, c. 1868); State Library of Victoria (DIGITISED)


Neild wrote the words for Cesare Cutolo's March and chorus ("Composed in honor of the opening of the first Intercolonial Exhibition held in Melbourne October 1866", and a pamphlet On literature and fine arts in Victoria (1889).


[Advertisement], The Age (16 November 1858), 1 


Paying at all limes the deference which is due to the opinions of such an important organ for the dissemination of truth as the Press, we feel it actually due to ourselves when its aim is perverted, for what we must assume to be the gratification of malignity and personal spite, to make the announcement in reply. The new operas produced by us at the Princess's Theatre have been acknowledged by all musical judges to be the best hitherto attempted in this young colony, and for the appliances obtainable not very far inferior to performances in the metropolitan theatres of England. Our Artistes are practised on the London and Parisian boards, our Musical Conductors have held the positions they now occupy in the Opera Houses in London; in the Orchestra we have musicians among the best obtainable, not only here, but in any part of the world; and yet by Mr. Neild, the reporter, an impression of our inefficiency has been created in the public mind, through the medium of the columns of the Argus and Examiner, which has been of serious injury to our undertaking.

We are all aware that newspaper reports are read and believed, the feelings that occasionally characterise and color them being unknown to the readers; but in this case it behoves us to draw the public attention to a comparison of Mr. Neild's criticisms with those of all the other public journals, not only to prove the utter incapacity of the writer, his ignorance of the simplest musical matters, and all absence of that feeling for one of the most humanizing arts, but to show that they are contrived with the malicious aim and intention of depriving us of our support as well as ruining our professional reputation in this city.

Our position and professional efforts being thus at the mercy of a person, who hides ignorance under the mask of facetiousness, we call upon the public in future to give their own verdict on our merits, and not to place any credence in the statements made by Mr. Neild in the columns of the Argus and Examiner.

[signed] L. H. Lavenu; Julia Harland; Maria Carandini; Octavia Hamilton; E. Hancock; L. Laglaise [sic]; Emile Coulon; Adolph Schluter; Walter Sherwin; E. King; H. Megson [sic]; S. Chapman; Julius Siede; J. C. Thompson; H. Schmidt; M. Josephson; J. T. Hore; T. McCoy; Linly Norman; A. L. Llewellyn; Charles Manuell; W. C. Harris; W. Baker; Franz Kohler; George Naughton; Cas [? ?] Faur; Lewis Benham; Henry Benham; Edward Hancock; E. Mathews; M. Collins; Theresa Andrew; Emma Parsons; James Mitchell; J. B. Tate; Henry J. King.

"THE EXHIBITION", The Argus (24 October 1866), 5

"THEATRE ROYAL, INNISFALLEN", The Argus (19 February 1872), 6


"DEATH OF DR. NEILD", The Argus (18 August 1906), 16

Bibliography and resources:

Harold Love, James Edward Neild: Victorian virtuoso (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1989) 

Bryan Gandevia, "Neild, James Edward (1824-1906)", Australian dictionary of biography 5 (1974)

NEILD, John Cash (John Cash NEILD; J. C. NEILD)

Amateur composer, music reviewer, parliamentarian

Born Bristol, England, 4 January 1846; son of John Cash NEILD senior and Maria GREENWOOD
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1860 (from NZ, where he had been since 1853)
Married (1) Clara Matilda Gertrude AGNEW (d. 1879), Paddington, NSW, 29 October 1868
Married (2) Georgina Mary Louisa UHR, St. Paul's church, Redfern, NSW, 19 February 1880
Died Woollahra, NSW, 8 March 1911, aged 65 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

Georgina Uhr, with her husband John Cash Neild, and two children (photo kindly supplied by descendent, Annie Stockton)

John Cash Neild, with wife Georgina Uhr, and two children, c. 1890


Neild published his own new national song Our sailor prince, in honour of the visiting prince, Alfred, duke of Edinburgh, in November 1867.

According to one perhaps not entirely reliable report, he was then one of group of younger Sydney composers, including the former Christy's Minstrel C. W. Rayner, and Rayner's friend, the pianist Alfred Anderson, whose music was being played and promoted by Giovanni Gassner, master of the band of the 50th Regiment.

Assisting along with Henry Marsh and Charles Horsley at a concert featuring the infant musicians Alice and Laura Molteno in July 1868, Neild sang his own ballad "Star of Hope" with:

excellent taste and discretion . . . Mr. Neild's singing was not the least attractive part of the entertainment.

Much later in his career, which was devoted mainly to politics, he also published a book of verse Songs 'neath the Southern Cross (Sydney: Geo. Robertson & Co., 1896).


"FREE CHURCH OF ENGLAND", Empire (20 July 1865), 5

. . . On the 25th April a Sacred Concert was given in the church. The whole management was undertaken by Mr. J. C. Neild, junior, and to his skill and ability and indefatigable exertion the success is much to be attributed. The funds arising therefrom were devoted towards paying off the debt on the church harmonium; and so successful was the effort that £42 was collected, and nearly the whole price of the harmonium has been paid. To Madame F. Harris and her sister, to Mr. Julius Haimbergher, Mr. Sussmilch, and the gentlemen of the German Glee Club, and other amateurs, who gratuitously gave their valuable services, the thanks of the committee are due.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 November 1867), 1

OUR SAILOR PRINCE. - National song, written and composed by J. C. Neild. All music sellers. 2s.

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 November 1867), 4

. . . We have also received a copy of a "National Song," written and composed by Mr. J. C. Neild, jun., dedicated to his Royal Highness Prince Alfred. The poetry will speak for itself; the music is unpretentious, if not original. It is admirably printed.

"NEW MUSIC", Empire (18 November 1867), 4

. . . "Our Sailor Prince," a national song; author and composer, Mr. J. C. Neild, junior - a modest, unpretending composition. The subject is one upon which many others will, no doubt, tune the lyre. Mr. Neild has the advantage of being first in the field.

"To the Editor of . . .", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 November 1867), 5

SIR - Will you have the goodness to allow me a small space for a reply to a host of professional musicians and amateurs who have and are daily favouring me with their compositions, some of which contain a certain amount of sense, while others contain nonsense, and some are concocted of the greatest pack of trash I have seen on paper. My object in writing to you is not to give a criticism on the music received, but simply to inform my correspondents that the number of musical compositions and letters - requesting me to arrange the same for military band - is so great, that I am almost bewildered with them, and that I have no time to attend to them or answer the letters. It will suffice I have no doubt - and, indeed, it will cause my correspondents to be more merciful in future - when I tell them that to score the whole of the music I have received for the Military Band, it would involve a penalty of close confinement to my room at hard labour for six months at least.
GASSNER. Victoria Barracks. November 19.

ASSOCIATIONS: Giovanni Gassner

"To the Editor of . . .", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 November 1867), 5

SIR - Gassner the First has issued a ukase to the effect that he will not score any more music for the present, and inhibits further composition. The ukase, published in your issue of yesterday, is very severe on some of the unfortunate composers of the city; this musical monarch is graciously pleased to ignore Horsley, Ellard, Loder, Marsh, Stanley, &c, for the sublime works of Rayner, Anderson, and Neild. Shade of "Uncle Ned" and all good [REDACTED]s hover around the music stand of the Imperial Gassner - that is if you have his permission. Joking apart, the letter to which I allude is most insulting to all the members of the musical profession here, with the exception of the coterie whose compositions M. Gassner is continually putting before the public, to the exclusion of good music.
I am, yours obediently,

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 July 1868), 8

THE MISSES MOLTENO'S, the Juvenile Harpist and Infant Violinist, GRAND CONCERT, at the School of Arts, THIS EVENING.
PROGRAMME. Part I . . . 4. Romance - "The Star of Hope " - J. C. Neild - Mr. J. C. NEILD . . .

"GRAND CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 July 1868), 4

The infant musicians, Miss Alice Edith Molteno, who plays the harp, and Misa Laura Ada Molteno, who really does wonders with the violin - were ably supported in their efforts to amuse by Messrs. H. Marsh, J. C. Neild, and some amateur vocalists. Mr. C. E. Horsley was to have contributed his services, but was prevented by illness from attending . . . After the "Star of Hope" ballad had been sung with "excellent taste and discretion," by Mr. J. C. Neild; Miss Laura Molteno gave a violin solo, which was also rapturously encored . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Alice Edith Molteno; Laura Ada Molteno

"CONCERT AND LECTURE", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (12 January 1869), 4

"M. GUILLAUME JONSON'S CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney (7 August 1869), 3

"SONGS NEATH THE SOUTHERN CROSS", South Australian Register (29 April 1896), 7

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 March 1911), 8

"COLONEL NEILD DEAD", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 March 1911), 8

Musical works:

Our sailor prince, national song, respectfully dedicated to his royal highness prince Alfred, by the author and composer Jno. C. Neild, Junr. (Sydney: Published by the composer, 1867) (DIGITISED) (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

Martha Rutledge, "Neild, John Cash (1846-1911)", Australian dictionary of biography 10 (1986)

"John Neild", Wikipedia (English) 


Pianist, teacher of piano (pupil of Charles Packer)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1889 (shareable link to this entry)



[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 May 1889), 3

PIANO. - Miss Neilson (pupil Chas. Packer). Beginners receive special attention 43, Surry-st., D'hst.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 May 1889), 16


Bush poet, songwriter

Born Stranraer, Scotland, 1844
Arrived Australia, 1854
Died SA, 1922 (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


The father of John Shaw Neilson, he came to Australia at the age of 9. He worked at shearing, sheep-herding and road-making, married in 1871, and settled at Penola. In 1881 he took up land at Minimay in SW Victoria, but handicapped by lack of capital in 1889 moved to Nhill, where he relied on road-making for a living. Another move in 1895 to Sea Lake in the central Mallee was disastrous, and again he had to turn to manual work. Entirely self-educated, he acquired a reputation as a bush poet, contributing verse from the mid 1870s onward to Mt. Gambier newspapers and Adelaide Punch, and later The Australasian and other journals.


"WAITING FOR THE RAIN", Border Watch (23 November 1878), 4

"THE SONG OF THE SHEARER", The Capricornian (4 December 1886), 8

"CORRESPONDENCE. THE SONG OF THE SHEARER. TO THE EDITOR", Morning Bulletin (19 January 1887), 6

Sir,- I note in your issue of December, of last year, that a correspondent, Mr. Cecil W. Poole, sends in a few verses entitled "The Song of the Shearer." This song was written by me a few years ago, and appeared first in the Border Watch newspaper, Mount Gambier, South Australia. I have to thank your correspondent for the compliment he pays me in saying that my verses are worth preserving, and I forward a copy of the piece nearly as it first appeared [Waiting for the Rain], and also another song that I wrote entitled "Harvest of the Flock." I should feel much obliged if you could find room for them. -
Yours, &c., John Neilson. Booroopki, via Horsham, Victoria, January 6, 1887.

"THE HARVEST OF THE FLOCK", Morning Bulletin (19 January 1887), 6

"WAITING FOR THE RAIN", Morning Bulletin (19 January 1887), 6

"Correspondence", The Capricornian (22 January 1887), 5

"THE HARVEST OF THE FLOCK", The Capricornian (22 January 1887), 5

"WAITING FOR THE RAIN", The Capricornian (22 January 1887), 5

Bibliography and resources:

Hugh Anderson, "Neilson, John (1844-1922)", Australian dictionary of biography 10 (1986)


Waiting for the rain (Air - Little old log cabin in the lane)

Harvest of the flock (Air - Babies on the block)

NELSON, Andrew St. Clare (Andrew St. Clare NELSON; A. St. C. NELSON; A. C. NELSON)

Music teacher, bandmaster (Grafton Amateur Band), schoolmaster, composer

Born c. 1840
Active, Grafton, NSW, by 1865
Died Grafton, NSW, 2 September 1904, aged 64 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


NELSON, C. E. (?)

Bandmaster (Grafton), composer

Active Grafton, NSW, by 1875 (? related to the above)


Andrew Nelson was founder bandmaster of the Grafton Amateur Band. His own Grafton waltz and Neapolitan mazurka appeared on the first program given by the newly formed band in November 1867. His Galatea polka mazurka was on the second program in December, marking the Australian visit of prince Alfred and his ship Galatea, along with another Galatea dedication, John Dettmer Dodds Jackson's Brave boys brave.

His descendent Edwin Wilson kindly informed me (January 20017) that Andrew Nelson had been a naval cadet in the UK at the same time as prince Alfred; as captain of HMS Galatea, the prince visited Australia in 1868.

Andrew's son, Frank Nelson (d. 1922), was well-known by his professional pseudonym, as Oliver Bainbridge, journalist, writer, and traveller.


"MARRIAGES", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (7 February 1865), 2

NELSON - CRABB - At the residence of the officiating Clergyman, Mingaletta Cottage, Palmer's Island, on the 23rd January, by special licence by the Rev. John H. Garven, A.M., Mr. Andrew St. Clare Nelson, to Miss Martha Ann Crabb, both of Grafton.

"GRAFTON AMATEUR BAND", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (19 November 1867), 3

GRAFTON AMATEUR BAND. - The first public performance of the Grafton Amateur band took place on Thursday last, on the Cricket Ground, in Prince-street. The attendance was good, and the way in which the band acquitted themselves, highly creditable. The pieces played were: - Quick March; Selection "La Traviata," Verdi; Grafton Valse, A. C. Nelson; Little Bo-Peep Quadrilles, C, D'Albert; Neapolitan Mazurka, A. C. Nelson; French Polka, C. D'Albert; Dixey's Land Galop, C. Coote, jun.

"GRAFTON AMATEUR BAND", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (10 December 1867), 3

GRAFTON AMATEUR BAND. The above corps gave their usual monthly entertainment on the Cricket Ground, on Thursday las, in the presence of a large gathering, principally ladies. The performance was excellent, and speaks well for the efficiency of the corps. The pieces played were: - 1. Quick March, Gentle Annie; 2. Selection, Christy Minstrel's Song; 3. Valse, Rosalinda, L. D'Albert; 4. Quadrille, Constantinople; 5. Polka Mazurka Galatea, A. L. Nelson; 6. Galop "Brave Boys Brave", J. D. Jackson; 7. God save the Queen.

"THE DINNER", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (31 March 1868), 2

"VISIT OF HIS EXCELLENCY", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (31 July 1869), 2

[Advertisement], Clarence and Richmond Examiner and New England Advertiser (14 September 1875), 1 

Music. Music. Music. C. E. NELSON (LATE BANDMASTER OF ASHTONS' CIRCUS), HAVING taken up his residence in Grafton, will be happy to RECEIVE PUPILS for instruction in VOCAL or INSTRUMENTAI, MUSIC. Mr. NELSON will wait upon pupils at their residences.

"DEATH OF MR. A. ST. C. NELSON", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (3 September 1904), 5

We regret to chronicle the death of Mr. A. St. C. Nelson, of South Grafton which took place suddenly yesterday. He was found dead in his room, sitting in his chair having evidently passed away very quietly. Death was due to heart-failure. Mr. Nelson was for many years teacher of the South Grafton Public School. About 40 years ago he resided at North Grafton, but shortly after entering the Public Instruction Department, and we believe was the first State school teacher on the south side. He taught in an old building near where the Anglican Church now stands. After a few years he was appointed to Copmanhurst, but after a time returned to South Grafton, where he conducted the school till he retired on his pension a few years ago. He was well known to all the residents of South Grafton, many of whom, as well as their families, received tuition from him. He was very popular with both parents and children. He had musical ability, and in earlier years was a teacher of music, and frequently figured as an instrumentalist in local bands and orchestras. His entertainments in connection with the school will not be readily forgotten by pupils and public. He lived to see many changes in South Grafton, to which place he was much attached, and when he retired from active service he decided to end his days in the town where he had made many friends. He leaves a widow, three sons, and four daughters. Deceased was 64 years of age. The funeral takes place this afternoon and the City Band will play the "Dead March" at the grave.

"DEATH", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (10 September 1904), 1 

NELSON. - September 2nd, at his residence, South Grafton, Andrew St. Clare Nelson; aged 64.

Bibliography and resources:

Edwin Wilson and Patricia Wightley, "Lord Nelson's daughter: and her possible descendants in northern New South Wales", Australian folklore 11 (July 1996), 164-81

NELSON, Christopher (Christopher Ignatius NELSON; Christopher NELSON; Mr. C. NELSON)

Musician, travelling musician, itinerant musician, rock harmonicon player, dulcimer player

Born London, England/Ireland, 1825/6; son of Henry and Anne NELSON
Married Sarah Judith BOWLES (c.1830/1-1870), Norwich, England, 1849
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1855-77
? Died Melbourne, VIC, 1878 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


If Christopher Nelson was indeed the brother of the famous clown Arthur Nelson (c. 1816-1860), as reported in the Beechworth press in 1877 and as seems likely, he was a younger son of Henry Nelson, a musician, of London. According to the 1841 census, Henry was born in Ireland, and Christopher in England, though his 1877 prison records gives Ireland as his native place.

A Christopher Nelson arrived in Melbourne on the Hopewell from England on 6 February 1853, aged 32 (born c. 1821), and briefly advertised imports for sale in May. A Christopher Nelson, in the care of the Immigrants' Aid Society, died in Melbourne, of phthisis, in 1878, reportedly aged 43 (born c. 1835).

Nelson advertised as a performer on the rock harmonicon, but he is evidently not to be confused with Horatio Nelson, rock harmonicon player with the Thomas Lenton troupe, who toured Australia and New Zealand between 1864 and 1867. Christopher Nelson was appearing in Beechworth, VIC, in May 1865, when Horatio Nelson was in Brisbane, QLD.

Nelson and his wife Sarah Judith Bowles had at least three children in Victoria, Christopher (born 1857), Albert (born 1859, ? died 1934) Henry (born c.1861, died 1862)


1841 England census, Middlesex, St. Andrew's, Holborn; UK National Archives, HO 107 / 670 / 3 (PAYWALL)

Vine Street / Henry Nelson / 66 / Musician / [born] I[reland]
Anne [Nelson] / 53 // Christopher [Nelson] 15 / Musician / [born Middlesex]

1851 English census, 30 March, Norfolk, Norwich, St. Edmund; UK National Archives, HO 107 / 1813 (PAYWALL)

Sarah Bowles / Head / 51 / [born] Not known
Christopher Nelson / Son in law / 24 / Musician / Westminster
Sarah [Nelson] / daug. / 20 / Norfolk Norwich

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 January 1855), 8 

GREAT MUSICAL NOVELTIES. MR. C. NELSON, the celebrated performer upon the Rock Harmonicon, Musical Pine Sticks, and the improved Chromatic Dulcimer, has just arrived from England, where he had the honor of performing before the principal nobility, and at several London and Provincial Theatres. Managers of Concert Rooms, Theatres, &c., may treat with Mr. Nelson, for engagements by addressing to C. Nelson. Stone House, 2, Atherton-street, Collingwood, Melbourne. 76 jan. 11

[Advertisement], The Argus (20 February 1855), 8 

CRITERION Promenade Concerts a la Jullien, every evening at eight o'clock . . .
CRITERION Hall - Mr. C. Nelson will appear on Thursday, Friday, and Saturday next Admission 1s.
CRITERION Hall- Mr. C Nelson, the wonderful performer on the Rock Harmonicon and other Instruments.

[Advertisement], The Argus (24 February 1855), 8 

CRITERION Promenade Concert.- Last night of that clever artist, Mr. C. Nelson. Admission 1s.
CRITERION. - Mr. Alfred Osborn will sing this Evening "The Queen of my Heart," "Death of Nelson."

"AMUSEMENTS", Mount Alexander Mail (16 September 1857), 2 

Messrs. Nelson and Renzow have been exhibiting their dissolving views at the Kangaroo Hotel, on Saturday and Monday. The entertainment is very good and took well. Some of the views are excellent, and some irresistibly comic. At times, while the audience are wrapt in attention on a good view, such as "the Ship on Fire," or the "Death of Abel," the scene will suddenly change, and something highly ridiculous will set them roaring with laughter. The comic songs of Mr. Nelson are very good, but his performances on the chromatic dulcimer, and pine stick harmonicon took best, being hailed with thunders of applause. Mr. N. is really a good musician.

"MUNICIPAL POLICE COURT", Bendigo Advertiser (27 October 1857), 3 

. . . Christopher Nelson, who had been found by the police and "taken care of" by them, was fined 6s. for the accommodation . . .

[Advertisement], The Age (20 March 1858), 1 

The Greatest Musical Novelty of the Age! This Evening.
In addition to the splendid band of seven performers,
Mrs. Williams begs respectfully to announce the novel and extraordinary vocal and instrumental entertainment of
Mr. C. Nelson, who created such an immense sensation in the United States, and who will perform on three different instruments, sing operatic selections, accompanying himself on the improved Chromatic Dulcimer, and introduce his invention - the world renowned
"Having now heard Mr. Nelson, we reckon there is nothing further in the range of musical invention, and henceforth the Divinities of Musicdom may put on their nightcaps and go to roost. - New York Spirit of the Times.
Begins at 7 o'clock. Admission, One Shilling.

"MRS. WILLLAMS'S EXHIBITION OF WAX WORKS . . .", The Age (22 March 1858), 5 

. . . in Bourke street, opposite the' Eastern Market, is becoming a favorite resort, and on Saturday evening was crowded by visitors. Besides several late additions to the figures, including Melville, Mason, Chong Sigh, Hing Tzan, and other criminal celebrities, the proprietor has secured the services of a good band, and those of Mr. C. Nelson, an American musical artiste, whose reputation did not sustain any diminution by his performances on the rock harmonicon and dulcimer on Saturday evening. The whole entertainment is well worthy the support of the public, and we can safely recommend it to their attention. Mr. Nelson is to appear every evening during the present week.

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (26 February 1859), 4 

We paid a visit to the Theatre Royal on Wednesday evening, and were highly delighted with the entertainment given there by the Macauley Minstrel Troupe. The songs and accompaniments were all excellent . . . The paraphrase on Uncle Ned or Edward by him [Mr. T. Reeves] and Mr. C. Nelson was highly amusing . . . Mr. C. Nelson's pine stick harmonicon is a wonderful musical instrument, and it is "wonfully" if not "fearfully made." A gentleman in the pit - a blue shirt and semi-state of beer, described it as a back of a chair or wooden gridiron, laid across four mangle rollers on a table. We believe he of the blue shirt was slightly in error, and that the description was not calculated to convey to the mind a very correct idea of the instrument, but without closer inspection we could scarcely improve upon it. The agility and ability displayed by Mr. Nelson, in forcibly extracting two tunes from it well deserved the encore and rapturous applause they elicited. From what we saw of Mr. Nelson's laborious exertions and contortions in operating upon the pine stick harmonicon, we should think it is not likely to become a favorite instrument with the ladies. The playing of one tune upon it in double quick time, we should think would furnish sufficient exercise for an able bodied musician for one evening. In sound, the instrument is very inferior to Mr. Kohler's splendidly toned rock harmonicon . . .

"DUNOLLY", Maryborough and Dunolly Advertiser (12 August 1859), 3 

. . . Messrs. Nelson and Macauley added considerably to the enjoyments of the evening by their excellent performances on the dulcimer and violin.

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 February 1863), 8 

NOTICE. - I will NOT be RESPONSIBLE for any DEBTS contracted by my wife, Judith Sarah Nelson, from this date.
CHRIST. NELSON, 14 Little Collins-street. January 31, 1863.

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (6 August 1863), 1 

On which occasion Mr. C. NELSON, the Unrivalled performer upon the Chromatic Dulcimer, will play Selections from various Operas, &c.
Messrs. Tom Smith and Harry Templeton, assisted by Mr. Adolphus Lamb, will give some of their inimitable Delineations of Negro Eccentricities.
ADMISSION 1s . . .

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (11 May 1865), 3 

ALFRED PHILLIPS THE Great Delineator of Irish Song and Character, will appear in his celebrated Entertainment, entitled,
Mr. Phillips will, on this occasion, be assisted by
MR. C. NELSON, Inventor of the celebrated Chromatic Dulcimer, who, in the course of the evening,
will play solos selected from favorite operas.
Front Seats (reserved), 3s.; Back do, 2s.

"CITY COURT. FRIDAY, July 12 . . . MATRIMONIAL", The Argus (13 July 1867), 7

Christopher Nelson was charged with wilful desertion of his family. The prisoner's wife stated she had been married to him in 1846, but for the last four years he had completely deserted her. During that period the prisoner had bought some lollies and a suit of clothes for each of his two children. The prisoner, who is a musician, stated in his defence that his wife had proved unfaithful, and was living with another man. The Bench remanded the case until Tuesday, in order to afford Nelson an opportunity of procuring witnesses to prove his assertion.

"WIFE BEATER", The Age (13 July 1867), 7 

Christopher Nelson was charged with deserting his wife and family. The prisoner's wife stated that she had been married to prisoner twenty-one years, and that four years ago he left her. During that time he had only given her two children one suit of clothes each and some lollies. The prisoner said that his wife had been living in adultery for four years. The bench remanded him until Monday to enable him to procure witnesses as to his wife's character.

"MELBOURNE", Bendigo Advertiser (13 July 1867), 2

. . . At the Police-court this morning a man named Christopher Nelson was charged with deserting his family. The prisoner, who is a travelling musician, had been arrested on warrant at Mclvor, and brought to Melbourne. The wife said he could earn good wages at his profession, but had left her four years ago with seven children (five of whom had since died), and the only support he had afforded them during that time was a few "lollies" which he had given the children, and bought them a suit of clothes once. She had maintained them by the aid of her needle. The prisoner, who brought serious charges of profligacy against his wife, was remanded to allow him to bring forward evidence in support of his allegations. The magistrate evidently doubted the truth of his statements by refusing his own bail.

"DEATHS", The Argus (17 September 1870), 4 

NELSON. - On the 16th inst., at her residence, No. 3 Stewart-street, Melbourne, Sarah J., wife of Mr. Christopher Ignatius Nelson, aged 40 years.

"MEMORANDA", The Telegraph, St Kilda, Prahran and South Yarra Guardian (31 May 1873), 2 

The Town Hall, Prahran, was crowded last Monday evening, on the occasion of the Popular Entertainments . . . There is a good programme for next week, comprising a number of new names, and a treat is in store for those who attend on Monday in the fact that Mr. C. Nelson will make his first appearance, and perform on the Chromatic Dulcimer, an instrument from which it is said he is able to discourse the most dulcet music.


Geelong / Nelson, Christopher / 14606 / Melbourne / 18th Aug. 1877 / breaking window / 3 monthsa / Ireland / musician / 1825 / 5 5 1/2 / sallow / gray / gray / one previous conviction

"POLICE COURTS", The Herald (12 December 1877), 3 

GAILY THE TROUBADOUR Struck his guitar. But it was not a " guitar on this occasion, it was a dulcimer. The troubadour referred to is Christopher Nelson. He was found last night lying in Bourke street, overcome by grief and beer. The former was occasioned by the loss of his dulcimer, which had bean stolen from him. Constable Love charged him with vagrancy. Mr. Sturt asked him why he did not earn his own livelihood. Christopher replied that he had lost his instrument, which had been stolen from him. The bench thought that the gay troubadour had been fuddling away his brains, and sent him up to consult Dr. McCrea upon the point for a week.

"NELSON THE DULCIMER PLAYER", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (25 December 1877), 2 

We notice that Christopher Nelson, the dulcimer player, well known in this district, was remanded from the Melbourne Police Court from the previous week on a charge of vagrancy. He was again brought up, and as he had no money, home, or friends, he was sent to gaol for two months. He was brother to the celebrated clown at Astley's Amphitheatre, Arthur Nelson, who was the innocent cause of a dreadful accident at Yarmouth some years ago, through a bridge falling down, when he was sailing in a tub drawn by some geese on the River Yare. The dulcimer player at one time received £20 a-week at Tilk's Music Hall, Bourke-street, Melbourne.

? [News], The Argus (18 December 1878), 5 

The usual weekly meeting of the committee of management of the Immigrants Aid Society was held on Friday, at the military barracks, St. Kilda road . . . The state of the house was reported as follows - Number remaining last week, 592, admitted since, 18 , discharged, 55, died, 2 (from phthisis, Christopher Nelson, 43 years, native of London . . .) . . .

NELSON, Horatio (Horatio NELSON; Mr. H. NELSON)

Musician, rock harmonicon player, entertainer

Active Australia and New Zeland, 1864-67 (with Thomas Lenton and the Lenton Troupe) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)



"PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE", Empire (21 March 1865), 3 

The Lady Don performances, which were very successful, terminated on the 11th, since which time Sydney has been aroused from its usual quiet enjoyment of the theatre almost to sensation pitch by the really wonderful performances of the Lenton Troupe, who have fairly astonished the spectators who have filled the theatre each night of their performance . . . The performances are varied by the beautiful music of the Rock Harmonicon by Mr. Nelson . . .

NELSON FAMILY (family of Sidney Nelson)
NELSON, Sidney (Sidney NELSON; S. NELSON; Sydney NELSON)

Composer, songwriter, pianist, actor, music publisher (pupil of Isaac Nathan and Domenico Corri)

NELSON, Sarah (Mrs. Sidney NELSON)

NELSON, Eliza (Eliza NELSON; Mrs. Henry Thornton CRAVEN)

NELSON, Alfred (Alfred NELSON)

NELSON, Marie (Maria; Miss Marie NELSON; ? Mrs. Alexander HENDERSON)

NELSON, Carry (Caroline; Miss Carry NELSON; Carrie NELSON; Mrs. James Frederick McFADYEN)

NELSON, Sara (Sarah; Sara Minnie; Miss Sara NELSON)

NELSON, Robert (Master Bobby NELSON)

See family mainpage: 

NEMO (pseud.; pen-name)

Poet, songwriter, columnist

Active Brisbane, Moreton Bay, NSW (QLD), c.1844-55 (shareable link to this entry)


"THE SONG OF THE TRANSPORTATIONIST. BY NEMO", The Moreton Bay Courier (15 December 1849), 2

"IT was pleasant enough, no doubt, to buy blacks. The purchase gave to the buyer a certain source of superiority. Being the owner of men, he was so much more than man; and thus the vanity of poor human nature became lackered by slave-dealing. Nevertheless, the difference of colour gave to the creature bought a naturally marked inferiority to his purchaser; but here - where the article to be purchased is white men - happy and exulted indeed is the man who can command the golden pennyworth." - Punch.

(AIR - The Jolly Young Waterman.)

You may talk as you please of the joys of Jamaica,
When [REDACTED]s were diggers, and no one to pay;
When each blackamoor was as mute as a Quaker,
And toil'd to the tune of the cowhide all day
This was pleasant, but not quite heavenly;
Lags are stronger, and rul'd more readily.
How could this colony ever know grief,
If the squatters were never in want of a thief?

What is more wanted than labour and capital?
London pickpockets will furnish the first;
Seedy " employers," who have not a rap at all,
Capital paper can make, at the worst.
Here are the germs of great prosperity,
" Soogee" orders and felon severity.
How could this colony ever know care,
If shepherds were hired for nothing a-year?

Free men are now so imbued with democracy,
Every snob's striving to wash off his grease;
They scarcely respect the white kids of squatocracy -
Question the brains of a justice of peace!
Some (so awful is our condition here)
Treat as a donkey a crown commissioner!!
How can this colony flourish again,
Till the vulgar are rul'd by the lash and the chain?

As for the bosh about crime and morality, -
I'm not afraid of my morals, I'm sure:
Having in such matters great liberality, -
Courage to dare, and the strength to endure.
"Shame!" - "degradation!" Pooh, pooh! - ridiculous!
Sensitive talkers like these but tickle us.
How could a colonist ever feel shame,
While money's a substance, and honour a name?

Brisbane, Moreton Bay,
3rd December, 1849.

Bibliography and resources:

"Nemo", AustLit 

NER-RIM-BIN-UK (Nurmbinuck, Young Winberri) see Sons of old NINGULABUL

Indigenous song man, song maker

Active VIC, c. 1840

NESBITT, Alfred Mortimer (Alfred Mortimer NESBITT; A. M. NESBITT)

Composer, orchestral trainer, music teacher and examiner, mathematician, music reviewer (The Age), schoolmaster, cricketer

Born England, 27 December 1854
Arrived Adelaide, SA, by January 1884 (from London, en route to Queensland)
Died East Malvern, VIC, 3 July 1926, aged 71 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Alfred Mortimer Nesbitt, 1888

"An Accomplished Musician. MR. A. M. NESBITT, M.A.", Australian Town and Country Journal (6 October 1888), 27 


In London in 1882, Nesbitt (formerly a scholar of Corpus Christi College, Oxford) was selected as headmaster of Toowoomba Grammar School in Queensland, arriving there early in 1884 (via Adelaide, where he evidently had relatives, see notice of his marriage in London in the Adelaide press in 1880).

His Jubilee ode (1887) won a prize offered by the Brisbane Musical Union. After moving to Victoria in 1888 to take up a lectureship at Trinity College, Melbourne, his Minuet in D was one of the few works by local composers to be performed by the Centennial Exhibition Orchestra. By 1903, he was music reviewer for The Age.


"MARRIAGES", South Australian Register (4 October 1880), 2s

"Shipping News", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (26 January 1884), 3

"Toowoomba Cricket", Queensland Figaro (6 December 1884), 15

[Advertisement], The Queenslander (17 January 1885), 102

[News], The Brisbane Courier (10 May 1887), 4

[News], The Brisbane Courier (11 May 1887), 4

"JUBILEE ODE COMPETITION", The Brisbane Courier (12 May 1887), 5


"Prize Jubilee Ode", The Queenslander (14 May 1887), 779

The judges in the Jubilee Ode Competition for a prize of 50 guineas offered by the Brisbane Musical Union, concluded their labours on Monday night. Up to the last day for receiving competitions (30th April), four had been sent in. Subsequently two others were received, but although these were handed to the judges their merit was such as not to affect the result. The judges, who were Dr. W. S. Byrne, Mus. Bac., Hon. W. Horatio Wilson, M.L.C., Messrs. R. T. Jefferies, W. Graham Willmore, and Samuel Kaye, held several meetings in addition to making special personal examination of each work. The final meeting was held last Monday night, and shortly after 10 o'clock the report of the judges was placed in the hands of the committee. They awarded the prize to the composition bearing the motto, "Coelum non animum," &c, as they were unanimously of opinion that it was the best submitted to them. At the same time, they wished to commend the ode marked "Regis ad exemplar" as a work of great merit. The sealed envelopes having been opened, it was found that the winner of the first prize was Mr. A. M. Nesbitt, head master of the Grammar School, Toowoomba. The second in point of merit was found to be Dr. Alan Walters, conductor of the union. The six compositions sent in were from the following places - Two from Brisbane, one from Toowoomba, one from Mackay, one from Sandhurst, and one from Melbourne. The words of the prize jubilee ode for which Mr. A. M. Nesbitt composed the music, were written by Mrs. Barlow, of Toowoomba . . .

"NEW MUSIC", The Brisbane Courier (22 May 1888), 6

"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (25 July 1888), 12

[News], Evening News (5 October 1888), 3

"An Accomplished Musician", Australian Town and Country Journal (6 October 1888), 27 [with photograph]

A. M. Nesbitt, the youngest son of P. R. Nesbitt, M.D. (formerly a great lunacy specialist), was educated in Brace Castle School, Tottenham, London, under Mr. Arthur Hill (a brother of Sir Howland Hill, of penny postage fame), and later under Dr. G. Birkbeck Hill. He had a distinguished academical career in the University of Oxford, obtaining an open scholarship in mathematics at his college, a first-class in mathematical moderations in 1874, and a first-class in the Final Honors School of Mathematics in the year 1876. Mr. Nesbitt was also proxime accessit for the Junior University Mathematical Scholarship, and received a special grant from the University chest as a honorarium for ability, as shown in the nomination for that scholarship. In 1877 he was appointed mathematical master of the Manchester Grammar School, in which there are upward of 900 boys. In 1882 Mr. Nesbitt was selected by the Agent-General for Queensland, with the advice of the Dean of Westminster, to fill the position of head master of the Grammar School, Toowoomba, Queensland, which post he recently resigned to accept the appointment of assistant lecturer on mathematics and natural philosophy in Trinity College, Melbourne.

During his residence in Queensland, Mr. Nesbitt gained the prize offered for a musical work in celebration of her Majesty's jubilee year. The ode is an excellent piece of work, and is written for solo voices, chorus, and full orchestra; and Mr. Nesbitt showed throughout that he is a thoroughly educated and competent musician. The melody in the prayer in seven parts, and a soprano solo in G major, are very beautiful, as is the orchestral introduction. The air in D, "Then let our loyalty," bears some resemblance to some of Handel's compositions. The ode is a credit to the composer, as well as to the musical judgment of Queensland. It was published with a beautifully illustrated wrapper by Messrs. Paling and Company, limited, Sydney. Mr. Nesbitt is also the author of some songs written in a happy melodic vein, with technical accuracy. Of these the "Dawn of Ambition" deserves special notice.


. . . A minuet in D, by A. M. Nesbitt, was the one novelty in this programme. It is fresh enough even to have satisfied Haydn, who longed for the man who would write a new minuet. In regulation time of 3-4 this pretty work presents a rhythmic and cheerful, and at the same time elegant, tune of distinct character, and well instrumented for orchestra; and this was followed by a trio movement, distinct, but still in keeping, and throughout the whole the harmonies are sweet and the progressions are genial and acceptable, and altogether the little work is good introduction of its author to the Melbourne public, because Mr. A. M. Nesbitt, M.A., is resident here and has done greater work than this minuet. More about him is to be heard in future. This first presentment here was well received, as it deserved to be . . .

"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (10 July 1890), 7

We have received a new song entitled "Bonnie Wee Thing," words by Robert Burns, music by A. M. Nesbitt, M.A., and published by Wickins and Co., New Bond street, London . . .

"THE EXHIBITION CONCERTS", The Argus (23 May 1892), 7


The Promenade Concerts at the Exhibition building have become so popular that even on Saturday evening, with unfavourable weather, the large concert-hall was well filled. The management on this occasion departed from the practice of presenting a miscellaneous two-part programme of popular songs by substituting for the second part Mr. A. M. Nesbitt's "Jubilee Ode," which was performed by the Ormond Choral Society, with Miss Lalla Miranda, Miss Ada Crossley, Mr. H. Stockwell, and Mr. A. H. Gee as soloists. It is doubtful whether the introduction of such music at promenade concerts will tend to increase their popularity, but there is no doubt that Mr. Nesbitt's role would have been much better received, as it deserved to be, had it been performed in the first part of the concert. As it was a large proportion of the audience walked out in the middle of the performance. The work as rendered on Saturday night consists of a chorus, "Hark, what sounds;" a duet for contralto and tenor, "O queen of English hearts;" recitative and air for baritone, "Then let our loyalty;" chorus, "Where the northern iceberg glitters;" soprano solo and chorus, "Look down, O Lord;" and concluding chorus, "Vivat Regina." The composer who was awarded the prize of 50 guineas by the Brisbane Musical Union for the best original jubilee ode, has evidently striven to write music that would properly express and convey the sentiments contained in the ode, and his efforts in this direction have been remarkably successful. It is undoubtedly the production of a sound musician, and some of the choruses, especially "Lookdown, O Lord" and " Vivat Regina," are very effective. The work was fairly well rendered under the baton of Mr. W. J. Turner, and the instrumental accompaniment was provided by Mr. A. J. Ellerker at a cabinet organ and Mr. E. R. G. W. Andrews at the pianoforte. The first part of the concert was very much enjoyed, the vocalists being Miss Lalla Miranda, Miss Isabel Webster, Miss Ada Crossley, Mr. H. Stockwell, Mr. James Wood, Signor Buzzi, Mr. A. H. Gee, and Signor de Alba, all of whom acquitted themselves well. Mr. Turner played the organ solo, Bach's fugue "St. Ann's," in a praiseworthy manner, and the military band, as usual, played several selections under the dome.

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 March 1897), 16

HOWARD CONSERVATOIRE of MUSIC. Director, Madame Houyet Howard. Mr. A. M. Nesbitt, M. A., will take charge of the Orchestral class. Mr. Nesbitt has had long experience both as musician and teacher. FIRST MEETING of the ORCHESTRA SATURDAY, MARCH 6, 3 p.m. All instrumental students are requested to attend.

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 August 1903), 9

"THEATRICAL CASE", The Colac Herald (2 December 1903), 2

"MAINLY ABOUT PEOPLE", The Daily News (30 July 1909), 4

"DEATHS", The Argus (5 July 1926), 1

"PERSONAL, The Argus (5 July 1926), 18

The death occurred at his residence, 53 Finch street, on Saturday of Mr. Alfred Mortimer Nesbitt, M.A. (Oxon.). Mr. Nesbitt came out from England in 1882 to take charge of the Toowoomba Grammar School Queensland. Subsequently he was appointed lecturer and examiner in mathematics at the Melbourne University, which position he held until a short time before his death. For some years previously he acted as musical critic of the "Age."

"ABOUT PEOPLE", The Age (5 July 1926), 12 


Prize jubilee ode (vocal parts; words: Mrs. Barlow, Toowoomba) (Brisbane: Lithographed by Muir and Morcom for the Brisbane Musical Union, 1887)

Nesbitt, Jubilee Ode (Paling 1888)

Ode in commemoration of the jubilee of Her Majesty Queen Victoria (complete vocal score) (Sydney: W. H. Paling & Co., [1888])


The following annotated transcript from the Broadwood Archives (Surrey History Centre) was kindly sent to me by Robert Simonson (November 2015):

Tuesday 23 February 1892 (ref. 2185/JB/42/154b) A. M. Nesbitt esq, Little Clive, South Yarra, Melbourne
A no. 11 Upt Grand PF Rosewood a to a no. 82600, £75, tuning hammer, zinc and deal cases marked NNN Melbourne, delivered at SWI [South West India] Docks to ship per Gulf of Mexico. Shipping expenses and freight £2-0-6. Insurance 18/6. We to receive no. 7 RW from ditto to credit, one instrument in lieu of the other. We to pay freight and insurance of the no. 11, no charge. B/L [bill of lading] to order of Mr. Nesbitt to be sent to him. Wales [name of the porter, who would have delivered piano to docks in London].

Bibliography and resources:

Key Dreyfus 1985, The farthest north of humanness: letters of Percy Grainger, 1901-14, 234

. . . Went to lunch with Nesbitt and later with fidget to a convent to play to the nuns . . .

NESBITT, Francis (Francis Nesbitt McCRON; McCRONE; Mr. NESBITT)

Actor, occasional vocalist

Born Manchester, England, 1807 (? c. 1808)
Married Annie MILLS, Dublin, Ireland, c.1840/41
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 7 January 1842 (per Marchioness of Bute, from Liverpool, 12 September 1841)
Died Geelong, VIC, 28 March 1853, "aged 45" (TROVE tagged) (TROVE tagged) (shareable link to this entry)

The actor (Francis Nesbitt), Heads of the people (24 July 1847), frontispiece

"The actor", Francis Nesbitt, Heads of the people (24 July 1847), frontispiece (DIGITISED)


Though mostly a non-singing actor, Nesbitt was occasionally billed to sing, notably with Thomas Cramp and the Gautrots in Tasmania in 1845


"THEATRICALS", Sydney Free Press (26 February 1842), 2 

A new aspirant for histrionic fame is about to be added to the corps dramatique of the Victoria, in the person of a Mr. Nesbitt, who has had, we understand, considerable experience in some of the provincial Theatres of England. We believe he is to make his first bow to a Sydney audience on Thursday next, when he will sustain a leading character in the admired tragedy of Pizarro . . .

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (15 February 1845), 3 

MR. CRAMP, Professor of Music, and Organist of St. George's Church, Hobart Town, begs leave to inform the inhabitants of Campbell Town and its vicinity, that he intends giving a
Concert and Ball, on THURSDAY, Feb. 27th, 1845, after the London style, and has engaged the services of
Mons. & Madame GAUTROT, AND Mr. NESBITT, (the celebrated Tragedian, from Sydney,) who will give some of his admired readings.
Programme - Part I.
1. AIR with variations, Violin, and Pianoforte Accompaniement - Mons. GAUTROT and Mr. CRAMP.
2. RECITATION - "Battle of Minden" - Mr. NESBITT.
3. SONG - "La Bion d'ina Gondolet" [La Blondina in gondoletta] (with the celebrated variations, as sung by Mad. Calalani, and Pianoforte Accompaniment) - Madame GAUTROT.
4. GLEE - "Blow, gentle Gales" (from the Opera of the Slave - Bishop) - Madame GAUTROT, Mr. NESBlT, & Mr. CRAMP.
5. RECITATION - "Rolla's Address to the Peruvian Army" - Mr. NESBITT.
6. DUET, Comic - Mons. & Mad. GAUTROT.
Part II.
1. AIR, with variations - Violin, on one string, a la Paganini - Gautrot - M. GAUTROT.
2. SONG - "Soft be thy Slumbers" - Nelson - Mr. CRAMP.
3. GLEE, Comic - Cherubini - Mad. GAUTROT, M. GAUTROT, & Mr. CRAMP.
4. RECITATION - "Othello's Apology before the Senate" - Mr. NESBITT.
5. SONG - "My Lodging" - Drouett - Mad. GAUTROT.
6. GLEE - "See our Oars with feather'd Spray" - Mad. GAUTROT, Mr. NESBITT, and Mr. CRAMP.
7. SOLO - Violin - Mons. GAUTROT.
8. "Rule Britannia" - Mad. GAUTROT, with full chorus.
The Concert will commence at two o'clock. Tickets 5s. each, to be had of Mr. Sutton, and at the Hotels, Campbell Town.

"DIED", The Argus (2 April 1853), 4 

On Monday last, at Geelong, after severe illness, Mr. Francis Nesbitt McCron, aged 45 years, the oldest tragedian of celebrity in the Australian colonies, leaving at Sydney a wife and young family to deplore his loss.

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (25 June 1853), 3

Bibliography and resources:

Janette Pelosi, "'A theatrical meteor', Francis Nesbitt McCron (c.1808-1853) and his travels from the old world to the Australian colonies and the San Francisco goldfields", Popular entertainment studies 6/1 (2015), 5-25 (DIGITISED)

NETTELBECK, Hermann Heinrich Samuel (Hermann Heinrich Samuel NETTELBECK)

German-flute player (Tanunda School Band), amateur vocalist (Adelaide Liedertafel)

Born ? Germany, c. 1839
Arrived SA, 30 August 1849 (per Wilhelmina Maria, from Hamburg)
Active Tanunda, SA, by 1853
Died Adelaide, SA, 26 May 1918 (shareable link to this entry)

Hermann Nettelbeck, Adelaide Liedertafel (State Library of South Australia) (IMAGE) (DIGITISED)




Gottlieb Friedrich Nettelbeck and his wife, and their three children - Gustav Carl Leopold, Herman Heinrich Samuel, and Anna Maria Wilhelmina - arrived in Adelaide in 1849.


"TANUNDA SCHOOL EXAMINATION", South Australian Register (29 March 1853), 2

Some good pieces of music also were performed by a band of youthful musicians, under the direction of Mr. Traeger [Draeger]. Amongst the performances, we noticed as very creditable those of Franz Beyer and Hugo Muecke, on the violin; of Hermann Nettelbeck on the German flute; and of Richard Sobels on the bassoon. The oldest of these performers does not exceed their teen years of age.

[Advertisement], Süd Australische Zeitung (1 May 1863), 6 

Hermann Heinrich Samuel Nettelbeck, und Anna Wilhelmine Marie Nettelbeck, Hundert Nuriootpa, Theil von Section 42, 31. Mai.

[Advertisement], Süd Australische Zeitung (25 December 1867), 6 

"THE FORREST DEMONSTRATION", Evening Journal (4 November 1874), 2 

"SILVER MARRIAGES", South Australian Register (4 March 1875), 5 

[Advertisement], Evening Journal (22 December 1880), 1 

"CONCERT AND BALL, South Australian Register (23 December 1880), 4 

The Adelaide Liedertafel celebrated their anniversary on Wednesday evening, December 22, and gave a grand concert in the Albert Hall, Pirie-street, followed by a supper and ball . . . In addition to the occasion being the anniversary of the Liedertafel, it was in honour of the birthday of a musical composer the Liedertafel delight to honour, viz., the celebrated Franz Abt, who is their patron. The programme was very appropriately made up solely of compositions by Franz Abt himself . . . Messrs. Mumme, Nettelbeck, Otto, and Christen sang "Roth Roeslein," a beautiful quartette expressly composed for the Liedertafel by Franz Abt . . .

"EDITHBURGH", The Advertiser (23 January 1903), 6 

"DEATHS", The Advertiser (27 May 1918), 6 

NETTELBECK. - On the 26th May, at Private Hospital, Adelaide, Hermann H. S. Nettelbeck, late of Kent Town, aged 78 years, a colonist of 69 years.

"MILLICENT BRASS BAND", The South Eastern Times (13 December 1918), 3 

. . . The Millicent brass band, under the baton of Mr. W. Nettelbeck, enlivened the proceedings with music . . .

NEVILLE, George (George NEVILLE)


Active Sydney, NSW, 1811 (shareable link to this entry)

Summary (after Jordan):

On 1 April 1811, George Neville, listed in the register as "musician", was married at St. Philip's, Sydney; widowed shortly afterward, he remarried on 27 July 1811. There is no other record of him.

Bibliography and resources:

Robert Jordan, "Music and civil society in New South Wales, 1788-1809", Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society 98/2 (December 2012), (193-210), 202, 210 note 51

State Records NSW, SZ 1023, marriages 5/204, 5/231

NEVILLE, Jacob Gore (Jacob NEVILLE; Jacob Gore NEVILLE; ? Jacob George NEVILLE; ? Jacob Grace NEVILLE; J. G. NEVILLE)

Musician, professor of Music, piano tuner

Born Ireland, c. 1813/14; son of Jacob NEVILLE, senior, and Charity NORMAN (married Dunlin, St. Andrew, 5 January 1808)
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 25 December 1834 (per Cabotia, from Liverpool, England, 8 September 1834)
Married Margaret Wilson, Trinity Church, Hobart, VDL (TAS), 22 June 1835
Died Launceston, VDL (TAS), 6 March 1836, aged 22 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Jacob Neville, a piano tuner formerly of Andrew Ellard's music warehouse in Dublin ("besides, an accomplished musician . . . a great acquisition to the Colony") arrived in Hobart in March 1835, bound for Sydney. His first advertisement announced he could be contacted care of either the music seller Sophia Letitia Davis or Joseph Reichenberg.

In fact, Neville stayed on in Tasmania, working as a piano tuner in Hobart and Launceston, but died after being thrown by his horse in March 1836.

His widow, only 17 years old, was taken in by Reichenberg and his first wife Angelica, Joseph Reichenberg having been a witness to the Nevilles' marriage the previous year.


Marriages, St. Andrew's, Dublin, 1808; Irish church records online 

"TRADE AND SHIPPING", The Hobart Town Courier (2 January 1835), 2 

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (16 January 1835), 3

Pianofortes buffed, tuned, repaired, &c.
MR. J. NEVILLE, late of Mr. Ellard's Musical Instrument Manufactory, Sackville street, Dublin, having lately arrived in this colony, on his way to Sydney and purposing from the encouragement he has received to remain in Hobart town for a short time, and during his stay he will buff, tune, and repair Pianofortes so as to give satisfaction to those that may employ him.
Any commands left with Mrs. Davis, at her Music-warehouse, Elizabeth-street, Mr. Reichenberg, Davey street, or at the office of this paper, will be punctually attended to.
Mr. Neville will attend country orders. Jan. 15.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (10 March 1835), 1 

"VAN DIEMEN'S LAND NEWS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 March 1835), 3

Was it not for "Penal Discipline," and its necessarily concomitant drawbacks upon the community, this Colony would rapidly advance in the elegancies, as well as the comforts of life. Already have we a theatre, equal in every respect to any in Britain - the Metropolitan and the chief Provincials excepted. We have several highly accomplished musicians of both sexes, and recently a gentleman - Mr. Neville - has arrived here, who haying been brought up in one of the first manufactories of musical instruments in Europe, Messrs. Ellard's of Dublin, is enabled to put to rights, "to regulate," as we believe is the professional phrase, pianofortes of the highest improved construction. Mr. N. being besides, an accomplished musician, is a great acquisition to the Colony, and we trust he will receive sufficient encouragement to prevent his accepting powerful inducements which have been held out to him proceed to the - certainly highly-favoured in every respect - great elder Colony.

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (30 March 1835), 3 

Pianofortes Buffed, Tuned, &.
MR- J. NEVILLE, Professor of Music, respectfully informs the public of Launceslon, that he intends remaining in Launceston for a short time, and during his stay will tune, buffs or renovate Pianofortes.
Mr. N. having served an apprenticeship of seven years in a celebrated Musical Instrument Manufactory, is enabled to give satisfaction to those that may favour him with their orders; Any communications left at White's Hotel, or at the Stationery Warehouse, Brisbane-street, will be attended to.
March 29, 1835.

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (12 June 1835), 1

Marriages solemnized in the parish of Trinity, Hobart; Jacob Gore Neville, and Margaret Wilson, Trinity Church, Hobart, 22 June 1835; Tasmanian Names Index; NAME_INDEXES:821717; RGD36/1/2 no 2848 

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (23 July 1835), 2 

Burial, Jacob George Neville, Launceston, 8 March 1836; Tasmanian Names Index; NAME_INDEXES:1180191; RGD34/1/1 no 4593 

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (10 March 1836), 2 

Inquest, into the death of Jacob Neville, Launceston, 11 March 1836; Tasmanian Names Index; NAME_INDEXES:1363494; SC195/1/2 (Inquest 85) 

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (11 March 1836), 2

"Inquest", The Cornwall Chronicle (12 March 1836), 2

"Fatal Accident", The Australian (25 March 1836), 6

We extremely regret to state, that an accident of the most lamentable description occurred at Launceston Races. Nr. Neville, a young gentleman who, many of our readers will recollect, arrived here about a year ago as Professor of Music, was riding on the course, when he was encountered by another horseman, and overturned with such force, that he received so much injury, both in his head and body, that he died on Sunday in extreme agony. It is indeed a calamitous event. Mr. Neville married some few months back a daughter of Mr. Wilson, formerly Hospital Serjeant of the 40th regt., and has thus left enciente, a widow, not yet 17 years old. Her mother's history is remarkable. She is one of the very few female survivors of the terrible retreat of Sir John Moore to Corunna in 1809, during the whole of which, she, then but 15 years old, accompanied her husband . . . Her daughter's situation is now extremely pitiable. Mr. Neville, although an admirable artist, rapidly advancing in his profession, having arrived here with that profession only as his support, has been unable to do more than provide for current expenses. Mrs. Reichenberg, wife of the highly respected musician, late master of the Band of Mrs. Neville's father's regiment had most kindly brought her up after her father's death; and this becoming known to the Rev. Dr. Browne, the Government Chaplain of Launceston, that gentleman with great consideration, took upon himself the melancholy task of communicating to her [Mrs. Reichenberg] the distressing intelligence in the following letter: - . . . [printed in full] . . . Mrs. Reichenberg upon receipt of the above, lost not a moment in proceeding to Launceston, in order to render Mrs. Neville every comfort and consolation in her power . . .

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (28 May 1836), 3 

"DEATHS", Limerick Chronicle [Ireland] (31 August 1836), 3

Suddenly, at Launceston, Van Dieman's Land, Jacob Grace [sic] Neville, second son of the late Jacob Neville, Esq., of Dublin.


Piano-forte maker, tuner

Born Chichester, England, c. 1802; son of Benjamin NEWELL (c. 1768-1839) and Sarah BAYLEY
Married (2) Ellen UNSWORTH (d. 1877), St. Nicholas, Liverpool, England, 7 August 1837
? Arrived Adelaide, SA, 2 February 1855 (per Fortitude, from Plymouth, 1 November 1854
Active Adelaide, SA, by 1855
Died Sydney, NSW, 13 January 1863, aged 61 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Positive identification of James Newell, piano maker, and his wife Ellen Bancroft is occasionally complicated by the coincidence of a second James Newell (c.1830-1892), gaol keeper, and his wife, also Ellen, who may or may not be the notorious drunkard Ellen Newell, all active in Adelaide in the years around 1860.


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. Peter, Liverpool, in the year 1835; Register of baptisms, 1834-35, page 31

243 / 5 Jan. [1835] / Sarah / [Child] of James & Ruth Newell / Pinnington St. / Piano Forte Maker / C. Wray Curate

1837, marriages solemnized in the parish of St. Nicholas, Liverpool . . .; Liverpool City Council (PAYWALL)

79 / Aug. 7 [1837] / James Newell / full [age] / widower / cabinet maker / . . . [father's name] Benjamin Newell
Ellen Unsworth / full / spinster / straw bonnet maker / . . . Edward Unsworth

1841 England census, Middlesex, St. Pancras, Somers Town; UK NAtional Archives, HO 107 /685/18 (PAYWALL)

James Newell / 35 / Piano forte maker
Ellen [Newell] / Wife / 35 / Straw worker
James [Newell] / 14
Benjamin [Newell] / 10
Susan [Newell] / 9 months

1851 England census, 30 March, Middlesex, St. Pancras, Somers Town; UK NAtional Archives, HO 107/1496 (PAYWALL)

James Newell / Head / 48 / Cabinet maker / Sussex Chichester
Ellen [Newell] / Wife / 45 / Liverpool
Benj. [Newell] / Son / 20 / Piano forte maker / Chichester
Sussannah [Newell] / daug. / 10 / Midd'sx St. Pancras
Richard [Newell] / son / 4 / [Midd'sx St. Pancras]

? "SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVED", Adelaide Observer (3 February 1855), 4 

Friday, February 2 . . . The ship Fortitude, 610 tons, Harrison, master, from Plymouth November 1. Passengers . . . Mr. and Mrs. Newell and child . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (23 July 1857), 1

J. NEWELL, 30 years Practical PIANO-FORTE-MAKER in London, nearly two years with Mr. [Samuel] Marshall, Currie-street . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (16 October 1857), 1 

PIANO FOR SALE. - A Piccolo Piano, by one of the best makers, in excellent condition. Apply to J. Newell, pianoforte maker, Flinders-street last, corner of Acland-street.

"LOCAL COURTS . . . ADELAIDE: FRIDAY, JANUARY 8", South Australian Register (9 January 1858), 3

For £14, repairing pianoforte. The defendant pleaded that the charges were excessive, and a set-off amounting to £14 . . .
James Newell deposed to his having been employed by the plaintiff to repair the piano. It was, with one exception, the longest job of the kind he had had in the colony. The witness then stated the condition in which he found the piano, and the nature of the repairs . . .

? [Advertisement], South Australian Register (24 March 1860), 1 

NOTICE.- I will NOT be RESPONSIBLE for any DEBTS my WIFE, ELLEN NEWELL, may contract after this date.
JAMES NEWELL. Adelaide, March 23, 1860.

"DEATHS", The South Australian Advertiser (25 February 1863), 7

NEWELL. - On the 13th of January, at Sydney, James Newell, Pianofortemaker, formerly of Adelaide, aged 61 years.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (21 May 1877), 4 

NEWELL. - On the 20th May, at the residence of her son-in-law, James Duncan, Parkside, Ellen Newell, relict of the late James Newell, aged 72.

NEWLYN, Charles (Charles Edward NEWLYN; Charles Columb NEWLYN; Charles NEWLYN; C. NEWLYN)

Practical pianoforte maker and repairer (lately from the factories of England), tuner

Born Portsmouth, England, c. 1823/25; son of Daniel and Mary NEWLYN
Married Anne Maria DRAKE, Holy Trinity, Westbury on Trym, Holy Trinity, Gloucestershire, England, 2 August 1852
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 23 August 1857 (assisted immigrant per Zemindar, from Plymouth, 18 May) Active Sydney, NSW, by September 1858 (formerly of Portsmouth, England)
Died Sydney, NSW, 3 September 1866, in his 42nd year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


1851, England census, 30 March, Gloucestershire, Bristol, St. Mary Redcliffe; UK National Archives, Ho 107/1947 (PAYWALL)

Charles Newlyn / Head / 28 / Piano forte Maker . . . / Portsmouth
Ann Maria [Newlyn] / Wife / 27 / Bristol

List of immigrants per ship Zemiindar, as inspected by the immigration board, August 1857; State Records Authority of New South Wales (PAYWALL)

Newlyn Charles / 34 / Carpenter / [native place] Portsmouth / [parents] Daniel & Mary . . .
| [Newlyn] Ann / 34 / wife / Bristol, Gloucestershire / Richard & Mary . . .
Kate / 4 / daughter / [Bristol, Gloucestershire] . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 September 1858), 1

C. NEWLYN, Pianoforte Maker, 203, Castlereagh-street, near Market-street, lately from the factories of England, with all the improved materials for repairing.
N.B. - Pianofortes, from various makers, for sale.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 December 1858), 5 

PIANOFORTES.- A variety of new and second-hand for SALE; prices, £7, £15, £20, £33. &c.
C. NEWLYN, pianoforte maker, 203, Castlereagh-street, near Market street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 December 1858), 8 

PIANOFORTES from some or the best makers, viz., Cadby, Bowman, &c. Also, a variety of good second-hand pianos very cheap. At C. NEWLYN's, pianoforte maker, 203, Castlereagh-street, near Market-street.

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (8 January 1859), 4 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 February 1859), 1 

PIANOFORTES.- C. NEWLYN having been regularly apprenticed to the pianoforte trade, and having had 17 years' practical experience at the bench, undertakes pianoforte repairing, however extensive, at London rates. 203, Castlereagh-street, near Market-street. N.B. Pianos for sale or exchange.

"BIRTHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 March 1859), 1 

On the 5th instant, at her residence, Frances-street, Hyde Park, the wife of Charles Newlyn, pianoforte maker, of a son.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 March 1859), 8 

ORGANIST. - WANTED, by the advertiser, a SITUATION as ORGANIST in a church or chapel. Salary not so much an object as an engagement. For particulars apply to Mr. C. NEWLYN, pianoforte maker, 203, Castlereagh-street.

[Advertisement], Empire (4 August 1859), 1 

PIANOFORTES. - C. NEWLYN, Practical Pianoforte Maker, 203, Castlereagh-street, invites attention to one of his improved double-action cottage instruments, now nearly finished. N.B. - Repairing, &c., on the London system.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 November 1859), 10 

PIANOFORTES.- C. NEWLYN, 203, Castlereagh-street, maker of the improved check action (a sample of which may be now seen), having a good stock of first class materials, is able to repair Pianos, however complicated the action may be, at very low charges. N.B. Pianos from various makers for sale or exchange.

[News], Empire (22 November 1859), 4

As we are always desirous of encouraging industry and talent whenever and wherever it may be met with, we call the attention of our readers, and especially of the musical public of Sydney, to a new pianoforte, made by Mr. C. Newlyn, of Castlereagh-street. It is the first one of the kind that has been manufactured in the colonies, being a check or double action. The whole of the instrument has been made by Mr. Newlyn, and the perseverance with which he has devoted his leisure time to this work is worthy of all encouragement. The piano is a cottage, of rosewood, has a compass of seven octaves; the materials are all well seasoned, veneered on colonial cedar. It has a beautiful, clear, bell-like tone, producing a reverberation with great celerity - exceedingly useful for rapid execution - by the impossibility of any note refusing its effect; the slightest touch consequent on this action producing its full and pure sound. The treble is particularly clear. The instrument contains all the modern improvements; the studs are of cedar; and the whole complicated workmanship, very different from that of other instruments, reflects the greatest credit on the manufacturer.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 December 1859), 8 

PIANOFORTES. - C. NEWLYN, 203, Castlereagh street, invites attention to his stock of Pianos, from first-class makers, viz., Hopkinson, Cadby, Frood, &c.
Also, a few second-hand pianos, cheap.
C. NEWLYN, maker of the check-action Pianoforte. Repairs, packs, polishes, re-silks pianos.

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (28 November 1860), 3

MR. CHARLES NEWLYN, (late in my employ,) having consented to travel in the country for the purpose of tuning and repairing Pianos, &c., I hereby beg to recommend him to my customers as a first-rate tuner and workman, and also a most respectable man.
W. J. JOHNSON, Pitt-street, Sydney.
Mr. NEWLYN is hereby authorised to take orders for Pianofortes, Harmoniums, Music, tools, Whatnot, Canterburys, and every requisite in the music trade on my account.
To the Inhabitants of Bathurst and Surrounding District.
C. NEWLYN,- maker of the check or double action Piano has arrived from Messrs. W. J. Johnson and Co's., Pitt-street, Sydney.
Pianos repaired, tuned, silked, and polished on most reasonable terms.
Address: - Club House Hotel, Bathurst.

ASSOCIATIONS: W. J. Johnson (musicseller)

"DEATHS", Empire (22 November 1866), 1

NEWLYN - November 3rd, at No. 142, Castlereagh-street, Charles Columb Newlyn, pianoforte maker (late of Portsmouth, England), of consumption, in his 42nd year, after a protracted illness, leaving a wife and two children to lament their loss.

NEWMAN, George (George John COOPER; performed as George NEWMAN; Mr. G. NEWMAN; Mr. NEWMAN)

Vocalist, comic vocalist, comedian

Born Chatham, Kent, England, 1826; baptised St. Mary, Chatham, 14 July 1826; son (illegitimate) of Ann COOPER
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by 1855
Married Margaret JONES, Castlemaine, VIC, 30 December 1855
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 18 February 1861 (per Marco Polo, for Liverpool)
Died Southwark, Surrey, England, 3 November 1871, aged "48/49" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

NEWMAN, Margaret (Margaret JONES; Mrs. George John COOPER; Mrs. George NEWMAN; performed as Miss MORTIMER; "Miss Julia MORTIMER", Mrs. NEWMAN)

Vocalist, comic vocalist, comedian

Born Liverpool, Lancashire, England, 1837; baptised St. Peter, Liverpool, 2 May 1837; daughter of Samuel JONES and Sarah PATE (m. 1826)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by 1855
Married George John COOPER, Castlemaine, VIC, 30 December 1855
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 18 February 1861 (per Marco Polo, for Liverpool)
Died Southwark, Surrey, England, 10 December 1874, aged "38" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"Jones's Concert Room", Mount Alexander Mail [Castlemaine, VIC] (22 April 1856), 2 

Miss Mortimer, Mr. Newman, and other vocalists, have been engaged by Mr. Jones, and with Mr. Small, there is a perfect galaxy of "stars" now to be seen and heard at the Albert Hotel.

ASSOCIATIONS: Joe Small (vocalist); John Jones (publican)

[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail (25 April 1856), 1 

Miss Mortimer, and Mr. Newman. Crowded Houses every Night!
Shouts of Laughter at Small's Poetic Effusions.
Immense success of Miss Mortimer and Mr. Newman in their celebrated Comic Duets.
A New Local Song this Evening! Concert to commence at 8 o'clock.
Upper saloon 2s. 6d., Lower ditto, 1s.

[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail (22 July 1856), 1 

THEATRE ROYAL. GRAND NATIONAL TABLEAUX! in Commemoration of the Peace.
Designed and Executed by Mr. Dennis, supported by Mrs. Newman, Mr. Newman, Mr. Harry Wigan, and Mr. George Wiggan.

"Tableau Vivant", Mount Alexander Mail (25 July 1856), 5 

We have to offer our sincere congratulations to Mr. Dennis on the success he achieved in the production of the tableau vivant, at the theatre last night. It took a full house by surprise, and elicited a storm of applause which was as heartfelt as it was enthusiastic. The tableau (which was designed to commemorate the peace) represented Britannia (Mrs. Newman), in a nautilus shell, supported by the Allies, and surrounded by exceedingly appropriate and tasteful decorations. At the rising of the curtain a Jack Tar (Mr. Newman) issued from the right of the shell, and sung "The Red, White, and Blue," with spirit, the audience joining in the refrain. This was succeeded by "The Marseillaise," rendered with considerable unction by a Frenchman, who came from beneath the shell, his chorus of "Marchons, Marchons," being well supported by the audience. Succeeding this, came a representative (we presume) of Turkey, personated by Mr. Wigan, who led off our National Anthem, which raised everybody into a high state of enthusiasm, and the curtain fell, with thunders of applause. Mr. Dennis was called, and received a well-merited tribute of admiration. The effect of the tableau was indeed well managed, and we prophesy for it a long run. We recommend all our readers to pay a visit to the Theatre, to witness this entertainment. Nothing approaching it in general effect has ever been seen in Castlemaine, and its appropriateness at the present juncture renders it doubly interesting. The earlier part of the evening's amusements comprise some excellent singing by Messrs. Wigan and Newman, and Mrs. Newman.

ASSOCIATIONS: George and Harry Wigan (vocalists, comedians); Alfred George Dennis (scenic artist)

[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail (18 August 1856), 3 

M. VICTOR COUTURIER, a Digger, having died in the Hospital, leaving a widow and one child in distressed circumstances, some friends have concerted to get up a performance, at the Theatre Royal in aid of Madame Couturier.
The performances will consist of a Concert and Dramatic Entertainment, in which several amateurs will assist, with the following professional ladies and gentlemen, all whose services will be rendered gratuitously: -
Mrs. Turner, Mrs. Newman, Messrs. Newman, Turner, Gollmick, Henry Wigan, and George Wigan . . .
Pianist and conductor, Herr Gollmick . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Austin and Charlotte Turner (musicians, vocalists); William Gollmick (pianist)

[Advertisement], The Age (27 January 1857), 1 

TILKE'S CITY HOTEL. Mr and Mrs. G. Newman will sing the favorite solos, comic and characteristic Duets, &c.
. . . Engagement of Mr. GIBSON, the celebrated Irish Comic Singer, for one week only.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Tilke (proprietor); J. W. Gibson (vocalist); Tilke's City Concert Hall (Melbourne venue)

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 March 1857), 8 

NATIONAL HOTEL MUSIC HALL, Bourke-street east.
Engagement of Mr. and Mrs. NEWMAN who will appear in their highly entertaining Solos and Comic Duets.
. . . Madame LEON NAEJ, the eminent Soprano, will appear nightly.
. . . Mr. WHITE, late of Rainer's Serenaders. Pianist, Mr. Piper.

ASSOCIATIONS: Madame Leon Naej (vocalist); M. W. White (serenader); Edward John Piper (pianist); William Hutchinson (proprietor)

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (21 March 1857), 1 

Miss MORTIMER, Of the London and Liverpool Concerts.
Mr. G. NEWMAN, The popular Comic Vocalist . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 April 1857), 8 

GEELONG MUSIC HALL, Sir Charles Hotham Hotel. -
Great Success of Miss MORTIMER, the eminent Soprano.
. . . Miss FITZGERALD, the celebrated Irish Ballad Singer, will appear nightly.
. . . Mr. NEWMAN, the unrivalled Comic Singer, will open his Budget of Comicalities.
. . . Miss SUNDERLAND in favourite sentimental songs.
. . . Mr. WILLIAMS will make an appearance in his Shakspearian comicalities.
. . . Miss MORTIMER and NEWMAN their side-splitting deeds [? duets].
Mons. Greno, Violinist. Master Bush, the Colonial Wonder, Pianist.

ASSOCIATIONS: Miss Fitzgerald = Maria Wallace (vocalist); Charles Williams (vocalist); Giovanni Grenno (violinist); James Bush (pianist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (20 June 1857), 8 

FREEMASONS' HOTEL. - Engagement of Mr. W. ROLFE, Pianist, from Tilke's Hotel, &c. . . .
Miss MORTIMER, the Geelong Favourite, will sing "Bonnie Dundee" To-night . . .
Mr. and Mrs. NEWMAN'S First Appearance To-night. Come early. New Duet, &c. . . .
First Night of the "Virginian Dentist," Mr. LEGREW and W. HOWSON . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: W. Rolfe (pianist); Charles Legrew (violin, vocalist); Walter Howson (musician)

[Advertisement], The Star [Ballarat, VIC] (8 February 1858), 3 

STAR CONCERT HALL. W. IRWIN begs to inform his friends and the public, that it was not his fault MR. AND MRS. NEWMAN did not appear on Saturday Evening. They will have to explain their non-appearance at the proper tribunal.

ASSOCIATIONS: Star Concert Hall (Ballarat venue)

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 April 1858), 8 

The following talented artistes appear every evening:-
Mrs. Newman, the much noticed soprano; Mr. Newman, comic vocalist;
Master Burges, tenor singer; Mr. Anderson, the Highland dancer.
Pianist, Mr. Bush. Manager, Mr. F. George.

ASSOCIATIONS: James Bush (pianist); Master Burgess (vocalist)

"CLUNES", The Star (9 October 1858), 2 

. . . Clunes is decidedly getting fast. A theatre is in course of erection by the side of the Bull and Mouth, the spirited proprietor of that hotel being the adventurous speculator. I have no doubt it will pay him, as a large hall will be useful for many public purposes as well as theatricals. In amusements I know of nothing that I need mention, excepting the concerts at the above hotel. Mr. and Mrs. Newman seem to be great favorites. Two billiard tables have been brought here. One of them is in a tent, anything but comfortable; the other I have not seen . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 March 1859), 1 

TOOGOOD'S SALOON. - If you would enjoy a hearty laugh, and so dispel the "blues," come THIS EVENING, and see the screaming sketch of the "[REDACTED] Dentist," by Messrs. NEWMAN and EASTWICK, as performed by them with unbounded applause, 93 consecutive nights, at the Washington Theatre, Ballaarat.

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Eastwick (entertainer); Alfred Toogood (proprietor); Toogood's Saloon (Sydney venue)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 March 1859), 1 

TOOGOOD'S SALOON. - TO-NIGHT, Saturday, Miss JULIA MORTIMER will re-appear.
TOOGOOD'S SALOON. - Mr. G. J. NEWMAN, the humorous Comic Vocalist., in three fresh characters.

NOTE: For these Sydney appearances only, Margaret was specifically billed as "Miss Julia Mortimer"; "Julia de Mortimer" being a character in Bulwer's play Richelieu, played around Australia in 1856 by Sarah Stark (Mrs. James Stark)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald [NSW] (19 March 1859), 1 

TOOGOOD'S SALOON. Great attraction TO-NIGHT, Saturday, an entire change of programme.
TOOGOOD'S - TO-NIGHT, a new characteristic duet "The Soldier's Return," by Miss Mortimer, and Mr. Campbell.
TOOGOOD'S SALOON. - Newman, in fresh Comicalities. The Wandering Ballad Singers will appear . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald [NSW] (30 April 1859), 1 

NEW CONCERT HALL, adjoining Bull and Mouth Pitt-street, will open on
SATURDAY EVENING, April 30th, on which occasion the following talented artistes from the Melbourne Concerts will appear, viz.:
Miss Julia Mortimer [sic], the eminent soprano, late of Tilke's Concert Hall, will sing her choicest operatic MORCEAUX.
Mr. G. J. Newman, the celebrated Irish comic humorist and delineator of Sam Couch's Shaksperian burlesque.
Mr. W. Walters, the pleasing tenor singer.
Mr. F. Silvain, the great characteristic dances.
Admission Free. The strictest decorum rigidly enforced. The only Select Concert Room in Sydney,
Mr. SILVAIN, Manager.

ASSOCIATIONS: Frederick George Silvain (manager, dancer)

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (7 May 1859), 3 

CONCERT HALL. - Bull and Mouth Hotel, Pitt-street. Great success of the New Company.
. . . Miss Julia Mortimer will sing the Cantineer in character, and Bid me discourse.
. . . Mr. W. Walters will sing the Slave Ship and the Ship on Fire To-Night.
. . . Mr. G. T. Newman in ye anseant storye of Mackbeth and the Cobbler.
. . . Mr. F. Silvain will dance his celebrated Highland Fling, Clog Dance, &c., in character.

MUSIC: Bid me discourse (Bishop)

Victoria (June 1859 to February 1861):

"THEATRICALS AND MUSIC . . . BALLAARAT", Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (2 July 1859), 2 

. . . The Criterion is doing as well as usual. Mr. and Mrs. Newman, and Messrs. Percival and Piper are there . . .

[Advertisement], The Star [Ballarat, VIC] (5 July 1859), 3 

MR. J. W. EMERY has pleasure in announcing to the public that he has succeeded in engaging, for a limited period,
MR. AND MRS. NEWMAN, The old favorites of Ballarat, who will appear for the first time this evening, supported by
MR. PERCIVAL, The admired Tenor, and MR. PIPER, Pianist and Conductor.

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Percival (vocalist)

"BROWNS (From our Correspondent) 1st September . . . AMUSEMENTS", The Star (2 September 1859), 2 

Mr. and. Mrs Newman and Mr. Percival made their first appearance at the North Britain concert hall on Saturday evening last, and judging by the manner in which they were received, they bid fair to become established favorites on these diggings.

"THEATRICALS AND MUSIC . . . TILKE'S CITY CONCERT HALL", Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (31 March 1860), 2 

This establishment, which some two years since was extremely popular, has been re-opened under the management of the original proprietor. The whole of the fittings and decorations are entirely now, and the arrangements of the seats are such as to secure the comfort of the visitors. Madame Naej and Miss Mortimer have been singing here with great success. In addition to the director, Mr. J. W. Morgan, the following are engaged: - Messrs. Martin, Newman, White, Hoten, and R. A. R. Owen. D. Golding is engaged, and opens on Monday.

ASSOCIATIONS: J. W. Morgan (vocalist, musical director); Richard Owen (pianist, composer); Daniel Golding (vocalist)

DISAMBIGUATION: Not to be confused with the actor "Miss Mortimer" (Mrs. Henry Harwood) in the company at Cremorne Gardens at the same time, and at the theatres during the year

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 June 1860), 8 

TILKE'S CITY CONCERT-HALL. - COMIC DUET, Miss Mortimer and Mr. Newman, written by Mr. Owen, TO-NIGHT.

[Advertisement], The Argus (31 July 1860), 8 

Miss Mortimer, her first appearance. Mr. Newman, his first appearance.

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 October 1860), 8 

RIFLEMEN, FORM! Our New National Song, sung by Miss Mortimer. Copies given away.
TILKES'S GREAT CONCERT HALL. The largest and most talented company in the colonies . . .
PADDY DOYLE, the great HIBERNIAN DELINEATOR; Mr. Robson, Champion Clog Dancer . . .
Mr. NEWMAN, LOCAL COMIC SONG and DUETT SINGER; Mr. Legrew, Violinist . . .
WILLIAMS the real PLANTATION NEGRO; Mr. Taylor, executant of Dibdin's oddities.
BETSY BARLOW, sung by Miss Mortimer written by Mr. Owen, pianist, every evening,
Mr. Taylor, manager.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Taylor (vocalist)

Names and descriptions of passengers per Marco Polo, from Melbourne, 18 February 1861; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

. . . George Newman / 23 // Mr[s] Newman / 28 // Anne [Newman] / 3 . . .

"THE MARCO POLO OBSERVER", Jersey Independent and Daily Telegraph [Channel Islands] (8 June 1861), 4 (PAYWALL)

A gentleman has kindly lent us (INDEPENDENT) a literary curiosity, a copy, or rather 4 copies in one, of the publication above named, edited and issued on board the famous Australian liner Marco Polo, on her voyage between Melbourne and Valparaiso on her way to England. Intelligence was recently published in the London papers that the Marco Polo struck on iceberg on the 7th of March and sustained such severe injury that she was compelled to put into Valparaiso on the 2d of April, where she was undergoing repairs by the last intelligence received. From that famous port the edition of the Observer before us was received by last mail . . .

. . . a Second Edition of the issue March 23rd, announces that MARGARET, the wife of Mr. GEORGE NEWMAN had been safely delivered of a son; the boy was be christened MARCO POLO, a very "proper name" . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Sidney Nelson (composer, fellow passenger on the Marco Polo)

Britain (from 1861):

[Advertisement], The Era (13 October 1861), 8 (PAYWALL)

The Best Entertainment in London.- The following popular Vocalists appear every evening, viz.:
. . . . Immense success of Oscar Birbank, the Mackney of Australia, assisted by Messrs. Warden and Collins.
Great excitement caused every evening by the youthful Blondin, Mister Alfred Corelli.
First appearance in England of the celebrated Comic Duet Vocalists, Mr. Newman and Miss Mortimer, from Australia.
Pianist, Mr. Saqui. Leader, Mr. S. Tute.

"THE LONDON MUSIC HALLS. WILTON'S", The Era (27 October 1861), 5 (PAYWALL)

The Eastern evening amusement-seekers night after night crowd this spacious Hall, and give ample proof that the entertainments gratify them to the full. In addition to former attractions, Mr. Wilton has produced a new feature in Miss Mortimer and Mr. Newman, who are designated "The Great Australian Duet Vocalists." Whether from Australia or not, is "neither here nor there." It is enough to know that they execute some charming melodies, marked by decided taste, and productive of very great effect . . . the famous Oscar Birbank [sic], aided by Messrs. Warden and Collins, create quite a furore in their [REDACTED] business . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Otto Burbank (minstrel serenader)

"THE ALHAMBRA", Dundee Courier [Scotland] (29 January 1867), 2 (PAYWALL)

. . . Miss Mortimer and Mr. Newman made their first appearance last night, and are certain of successful run. Miss Mortimer has a capital voice, of great power, and, along with Mr Newman, gives an entertainment quite deserving of the rapturous appreciation and applause with which it was received . . .

[Advertisement], Glasgow Evening Citizen (24 March 1868), 1 (PAYWALL)

MR. GEORGE NEWMAN and Miss MORTIMER, The Great Australian Duettists,
Whose reception and success at the City Hall on Saturday last have never been equalled.
Also, the Infant Nightingale, Miss FANNY NEWMAN . . .

"PRINCE OF WALES CONCERT HALL", Wolverhampton Chronicle and Staffordshire Advertiser (16 December 1868), 4 (PAYWALL)

. . . Miss Mortimer, Mr. Newman, and daughter are still performing with great success; and the latter is an astonishing little songster, for although her age apparently does not exceed more than ten or twelve years, her voice is as powerful and well trained as that of the majority of mature vocalists . . .

"THEATRICAL INTELLIGENCE", The Australasian [Melbourne, VIC] (30 January 1869), 19 

. . . Mr. Newman and Miss Mortimer, who were very popular some years ago at Tilke's Music-hall, in this city, have suddenly made their appearance in Leeds as the "Champion Australian Duettists" . . . - CALL BOY.

"NOTES ON ENGLISH THEATRICALS", The Australasian (20 November 1869), 16 

. . . Mr. and Mrs. Newman (Miss Mortimer) vocalists and duettists, who some years back were members of the company engaged at Tilke's City Music-hall, Melbourne, after a long sojourn in the provinces, have reached London, and were in September last engaged at the Pavilion Theatre under Messrs. D'Auban and Warde.

"THE LONDON MUSIC HALLS", The Era (24 April 1870), 12 (PAYWALL)

WILTON'S . . . The old favourites of the public, Mr. Newman and Miss Mortimer, come with a new duologue, in the performance of which they are extremely successful. It is a happy combination of singing and sharp dialogue; the snatches of song are well sung and introduced at the right moment, and the spoken parts are delivered with feeling and emphasis. Their entertainment was one of the successes of the evening. They introduce to the public a new candidate for fame in the person of "Little Fanny," as diminutive a little minx as ever trod the stage and, withal, as precocious. Her singing was very pretty . . .

THE RAGLAN . . . Then come Mr. Newman and Miss Mortimer, with the Infant Fanny; but their excellence is known all over the towns, and renders it unnecessary for us to add any fresh laurels to their already-overburdened crowns . . .

England census, 2 April 1871, Liverpool, Lancashire; UK National Archives, RG10/3790/117/4 (PAYWALL)

[58 Christian St.] / George Newman / Head / Mar. / 40 [sic] / Vocalist / [born] Chatham
Margaret [Newman] / Wife / Mar. / 30 / [Vocalist] / [born] Liverpool
Fanny [Newman] / Daughter / Unm. / 8 / Scholar / [born] Chatham
Florence [Newman] / Daughter / [Unm.] / 5 / Scholar / [born] Liverpool

"DEATH AND FUNERAL OF MR. GEORGE NEWMAN", The Era (12 November 1871), 12 (PAYWALL)

In our last we announced the sudden decease of this Music Hall artiste, whose name in connection with that of Miss Mortimer has been before the public for many years. His death, which took place on Friday the 2d inst., at his residence, 92, Lancaster-street, Southwark, was caused by inflammation of the bowels. The deceased vocalist was buried on the 4th inst. at Brompton Cemetery, his remains being followed to the grave by his widow and children (four in number), by his two brothers-in-law, officers in the Royal Navy, and by Mr. Nat Ogden, comic vocalist. Mr Newman, at the time of his death, was only forty-eight years of age.

[Advertisement], The Era (19 November 1871), 16 (PAYWALL)

MRS. GEORGE NEWMAN (nee Miss Mortimer), late Australian Duettist,
begs to thank those Managers who have kindly offered her engagements, and wishes to state that she does not intend appearing in public until Christmas, when she will appear at the SOUTH LONDON PALACE and COLLINS'S MUSIC HALL.
She also desires to express her grateful acknowledgments to Mr. George Fredericks and Miss Carrie Julian, and many other Artistes, for their kind expressions of sympathy, but is glad to announce that her late husband has left her comparatively well provided for.
Agent, A. Maynard.

"THEATRICALS AT HOME", The Australasian (3 February 1872), 18 

Mr. George Newman (who with his wife Miss Mortimer, were well known as comic vocalists in Melbourne in the good old days of '54, and who have been in England for some years), died of inflammation of tbe bowels on Thursday, the 3rd of November, after an illness of two days. At the time he was taken ill he was fulfilling an engagement at the East end of London. - CALL BOY.

[Obituaries], The Era (13 December 1874), 12 (PAYWALL)

Miss MORTIMER, well known some years since in the Music Hall Profession (Newman and Mortimer), died on Thursday last. We understand that the child actress and vocalist, Miss Fanny Mortimer, has been engaged by Mr. J. A. Cave for the forthcoming Pantomime at the Marylebone Theatre.

Extracts from the death certificates of George and Margaret Cooper:

Extracts from the death certificates of George Cooper (1871) and Margaret Cooper (1874)

Bibliography and resources:

[Kurt Ganzl], "Wave that stick, Stan! A top conductor outed" [Frederic Stanislaus], Kurt of Gerolstein (post 21 December 2018) 

. . . Stanislaus was married to burlesque actress and principal boy Fanny ROBINA [Fanny COOPER] (b. London, 22 December 1861; d. Nottingham, 13 February 1927), the daughter of top-flight music-hall duettists George Newman [George John COOPER d. Southwark, 2 November 1871) and "Miss Mortimer" (Margaret JONES, d. London, 10 December 1874), who appeared in a number of musicals both in Britain (notably as the original Faust in the Gaiety's Faust Up-to-Date and on tour as Little Jack Sheppard) and in Australia (Young Fra Diavolo, Dick, Little Jack Sheppard, Ganem in The Forty Thieves) before continuing a career in the music-halls . . .


Vocalist, singer, St. John's Church (Parramatta), woollen manufacturer, convict, publican

Born Wakefield, Yorkshire, England, c. 1787
Convicted York Assizes, 6 March 1819 (7 years transporation)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 19 October 1819 (convict per Atlas, from London, 5 June)
Married Cordelia WHITE (Mrs. KNIGHT) (1781-1853), St. John's, Parramatta, NSW, 26 June 1824
Died Parramatta, NSW; buried 4 September 1833, aged "46" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


New South Wales, convict ship muster roll, 1819 Atlas I; State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

John Newsome / [York] [City] / Assizes / 6th March 1819 / Seven Years

HRA, I, 11, 736 (inquiry into charges against James Ring, August 1825) (DIGITISED)

SUSAN PRISCILLA BISHOP . . . Cross-examined . . .
Mr. Kenyon and one or two of the Singers at the Church have been in the habit of attending at Mr. Marsden's family worship. It is not, that I am aware, a common understood thing that any respectable person may attend at Mr. Marsden's Worship on a Sunday evening. I know a person named Pritchard. He is a Ticket of Leave Man, and he was one of the Singers. I know a man named Newsome. He was a Singer . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Samuel Marsden (clergyman), Joseph Kenyon (singer), James Ring (singer); Pritchard (singer)

Register of certificates of freedon, 1826; State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

42 / 5014 // John Newsome / Atlas (1) / 1819 / York Assizes / 6 March 1819 / Seven Years /
[Native place] Wakefield / Woollen Manufacturer / [age in 1826] Thirty Eight / 5 feet 7 3/4 inches / . . . [certificate] 9th March 1826

"RETURN OF ALL CONVICTS ASSIGNED . . . [1 Jan to 31 March 1832]", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (5 July 1832), 2 

. . . 1209. Wilkinson James, Lord Melville, weaver, to John Newsome, Windsor . . .

[Advertisement], Hill's Life in New South Wales (12 October 1832), 3 

JOHN NEWSOME begs to inform his Friends and the Public, that he has removed from Windsor to the above Inn, where every accommodation has been made for Travellers to and from the interior of the Colony, having a very large yard, surrounded by a fence ten feet high, where Teams may be deposited safe, having good watchmen, excellent stabling for horses, and safe paddocks, with plenty of grass for Bullocks or Cattle.
J. NEWSOME assures his friends who may favour him with their patronage, that nothing shall be wanting on his part to make them comfortable, having provided good beds, the best of provisions, and a stock of excellent Wines, Spirits, Porter, Beer, &c. surpassed by no one.
J. NEWSOME also begs to acquaint his old customers, that they may be supplied with blankets, cloth, rope, twine, &c. as usual, having removed his manufacturing establishment to the above Premises, where wool will be taken in exchange for cloth and blankets.

Burials in the parish of Saint John Parramatta in the year 1833; St. John's Anglican Church, Parramatta (PAYWALL)

No. 724 / John Newsome / Sydney Road / [buried] 4th Sept. / 46 years / Publican

Bibliography and resources:

"John Newsome", Convict Records 

NEWSON, Frederick (Frederick NEWSON; Mr. NEWSON)

Actor, comedian, comic vocalist, dancer, blackface performer, convict

Born Norfolk, England, 1820
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 5 July 1835 (convict per Marquis of Huntley, from England, 23 March)
Married Mary Ann HUDSON (c. 1825-1892), Adelaide, 24 August 1850
Died Penola, SA, 27 May 1858, aged 38 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

NEWSON, Mrs. ("Mrs. NEWSON"; not Mary Ann HUDSON)

Dancer, ? actor

Active Melbourne, VIC, c. 1847


Frederick Newson, aged 12, accused of theft by his mother, Letitia Newson, a widow, was tried at the Old Bailey on 6 September 1832, found guilty of simple larceny, and sentenced to 7 years transportation.

He arrived in New South Wales on the Marquis of Huntley in July 1835, and was issued with a certificate of freedom on 16 September 1839.

He was first billed in August 1844, singing Billy Barlow at George Coppin's Saloon in Sydney.

In March 1845 he was in Melbourne, appearing for Samson Cameron at the Theatre Royal, in black face songs and duets, and by October was in Hobart, as an actor and comic singer for Anne Clarke's company at the Royal Victoria.

After taking his Hobart benefit in March 1846, he was billed as a dancer and singer at the Olympic in Launceston, forming a performing duo with Robert Osborne.

In August 1846, he was in Melbourne, singing at the Queen's Theatre, with another Tasmanian colleague Arthur Falchon, and Caroline Wallace.

Having performed in Melbourne through to March 1847, he was in Adelaide at Deering's Royal Adelaide Theatre, on 22 April, "for the first time in the colony". and in June for Coppin at the New Queen's Theatre.

He married Mary Ann Hudson (died 1892) in Adelaide on 24 August 1850. Their son Frederick William Newson was born on 3 April 1857 (died 1914). When Frederick junior was reported missing, aged 44, from Coorong, SA, in 1901, he was described as "fond of step-dancing and singing and plays a violin."


Frederick Newson, simple larceny, 6 September 1832; The proceedings of the Old Bailey online 

1775. FREDERICK NEWSON was indicted for stealing, on the 5th of July, 2 handkerchiefs, value 5s., and 1 half-sovereign, the property of Letitia Newson . . . LETITIA NEWSON. The prisoner is my son . . . GUILTY. Aged 12. - Transported for Seven Years.

Butts of Certificates of Freedom; 1839, September 16; State Records NSW, NRS 12210 (PAYWALL)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 August 1844), 3

COPPIN'S LARGE SALOON . . . Mr. NEWSON as BILLY BARLOW, and all the Drolleries that can be collected by the THREE COMIC SINGERS!!! . . .

[Advertisement], The Dispatch (5 October 1844), 4 

SIMMONS'S SALOON . . . Comic Songs, by Messrs. Phillips, Newson, and the Extemporaneous Singer - "I won't go to School" - "Sich a getting up stairs" - "Negar Duetts" - "An Irishman's joy" - "The Pilot coat," &c. . . .

[Advertisement], Port Phillip Gazette (1 March 1845), 3 

Theatre Royal, Melbourne . . . SONG, "[REDACTED] STATUES," Mr. Newson, assisted by Mr. C. Boyd . . .

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (24 October 1845), 1 

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE, CAMPBELL-STREET . . . will be repeated (by general desire) the Comic [REDACTED] Song of JIM BROWN - MR. NEWSON . . .

"THE THEATRE", Colonial Times (28 October 1845), 3 

. . . Newson's Jim Brown was repeated, and deservedly encored: he is to sing Billy Barlow on Thursday - of course with certain piquant allusions, which will, no doubt, be highly relished . . .

"THE THEATRE", Colonial Times (30 January 1846), 3 

. . . The music must not be forgotten, it is extremely beautiful and appropriate, from the spirited overture to the last chorus; and Mrs. Clarke warbled her notes very sweetly. Campbells's Highland Fling was well done, as was Newson's Jack Rag's Statues, in short the whole of the performances were completely successful, and consequently applauded and appreciated . . .

"THEATRE", Colonial Times (10 March 1846), 3 

. . . On Thursday Mr. Newson takes a night, with a variety of comic and other entertainments. Raymond and Agnes, an episode from the "Monk" of Mr. P. M. Lewis is an awful and most ghostly affair; and the new version of "Billy Barlow" promises some fun. We sincerely hope poor Newson, a friendless man here, will be compensated for his expense and trouble.

[Advertisement], The Britannia and Trades' Advocate (12 March 1846), 4 

MR. NEWSON, in making his first appeal to the Nobility, Gentry, and generous Public of Hobart Town, most respectfully solicits a share of their patronage . . .
Pirate Song, in Character, "The Rover," MR. FALCHON.
Highland Fling, (by particular desire) Miss Thomson . . .
COMIC OPERA "COAL BLACK ROSE," By Messrs. Newson, Campbell, and Falchon.
Mr. Newson will then appear in his favourite character of BILLY BARLOW, and Sing

"THE THEATRE", Colonial Times (13 March 1846), 3 

Mr. Newson's' benefit last night did not go off so well as we anticipated; indeed, more than one contre temp occurred to mar the entertainments of the evening: in the first place, Mr. Campbell did not appear as announced, being, we are sorry to hear, indisposed; other disappointments took place, entirely beyond the control of either Mr. Newson or the lessee . . .

"QUEEN'S THEATRE", Port Phillip Gazette and Settler's Journal (30 September 1846), 3 

On to-morrow evening, the Benefit of Newson, the American Comedian, will take place at the Queen's Theatre . . . The talents of Mr. N., as a [REDACTED] Songster, is so well known that we have no doubt but there will be a well filled house to greet him.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (21 April 1847), 1 

Deering's Royal Adelaide Theatre. Thursday, April 22d, 1847. GENERAL TICKET NIGHT . . . Highland Fling, by Mr. Newson (for the first time in this colony) . . .

"POLICE COURT. Friday, 31st May", South Australian Register (1 June 1850), 3 

Frederick Newson, a ci-devant comedian and [REDACTED] melodist, admitted he was drunk the previous night, and paid 5s., for the offence, by command of the Police-Commissioner.

"PORT THEATRE", Adelaide Times (20 February 1856), 2 

A performance took place at this Theatre last Monday evening, when two or three names unknown before appeared in public; amongst them we especially notice the acting of Miss Morton, as "Clara," in Buckstone's domestic drama of "Luke the Labourer," in which she was well supported by Luke, personated by Mr. Newson. An interlude of songs and dances was very well performed and received; Mr. Newson's comic singing was admirable, and brought forth uproarious applause. This gentleman was lately a comic actor with Mr. Coppin, at the Abbey-street theatre, Dublin, and also in Melbourne and Geelong, and will doubtless become a favourite here. The evening's entertainment was concluded with a laughable farce, entitled the "Spectre Bridegroom" . . .

"PORT THEATRE", Adelaide Observer (27 June 1857), 1 supplement 

. . . Mr. Newson sang an Irish comic song with exquisite humour, and was several times uproariously encored.

Bibliography and resources:

Frederick Newson, Digital panopticon 

Frederick Newson, Convict Records


Vocalist, tambourine player (New Orleans Serenaders)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1852 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (14 February 1852), 3

ROYAL HOTEL. New Orleans Serenaders.
THE above Company beg most respectfully to inform the Public that they will make their
FIRST APPEARANCE in the SALOON of the Royal Hotel, on MONDAY Evening, Feb. 16,
when they trust the Programme selected will meet with the approbation of those who may honor them with their patronage.
The following gentlemen constitute the company:
Flutina - G. Price.
Guitar - J. W. Sandford.
First Banjo - W. Harrington.
Second Banjo - J. F. Price.
Tambourine - W. Newton.
Bones - J. P. Hall.
Doors open at Half-past 7; to commence at 8 o'clock precisely.
Reserved Seats, 2s.; Back Seats, 1s.

NICHOLAS, Henry Chatterton (Henry Chatterton NICHOLAS; H. C. NICHOLAS)

Musical instrument maker, tuner, and repairer, organ builder, music seller

Born Pentonville, London, England, 14 October 1829; baptised Pentonville Chapel, 22 November 1829; son of Charles Thomas NICHOLAS (1790-1855) and Lucy EDWARDS (1786-1840) (m. Whitehchapel, 1812)
Married Helen MACPHERSON (1826-1916), Bethnal Green, 1854 (2nd quarter)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, ? late 1854 (by February 1855)
Died Elsternwick, VIC, 6 October 1909 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

Henry Chatterton Nicholas

Henry Chatterton Nicholas


Baptisms solemnized at Pentonville Chapel in the Parish of Saint James Pentonville, in the county of Middlesex, in the year 1829; register 1824-76; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 90 / Nov'r 22'd / Henry Chatterton / [son of] Charles Thomas and Lucy / Nicholas / Pleasant Row / Auctioneer / Said to be born 14th Oct'r 1829 . . .

England census, 30 March 1851, St. James Clerkenwell, St, Mark's, Finsbury; UK National Archives, HO 107 / 1519 (PAYWALL)

5 Chadwell St. / Elizabeth Hack / Head / Un. [widow] / 67 / Green Grocer . . .
Henry Nicholas / Visitor / U. / 21 / Organ Builder / [born] Islington

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 February 1855), 1 

H. C. NICHOLAS, Organ Builder, wishes to hear of Tom Simes, of Deptford. Direct office of this paper.

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 June 1855), 8 

H. NICHOLAS, Pianofortes, &c., Tuned and Repaired. Albert-street, facing Tankard's Hotel, near Junction, St. Kilda.

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 November 1855), 3 

H. NICHOLAS - Organs, Harmoniums, Accordeons, Concertinas, Flutinas, Tuned and Repaired. Albert-street, near Junction, St. Kilda.
H. NICHOLAS. - Pianofortes Tuned and Repaired. Albert-street, facing Dr. Brownlesss Hospital, near Junction, St. Kilda.

Electoral roll, Victoria, 1856, Windsor division, 15; Public Record Office Victoria (PAYWALL)

1266 / Nicholas, Henry Chatterton / Albert street, pianoforte maker / household / Albert street

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 October 1859), 7 

HARMONIUM for SALE, six octaves. H. C. Nicholas, organ-builder and pianoforte tuner, Albert-street, Windsor.

"THE FORTHCOMING EXHIBITION", The Argus (30 July 1861), 7 

The following is the list of applications for space in the forthcoming Victorian Exhibition for the week ending Saturday, the 27th inst. . . .
H. C. Nicholas. - One six-stop harmonium, in blackwood and Huon pine case; one three-stop harmonium, in cedar case.

"THE VICTORIAN EXHIBITION TO TAKE PLACE IN OCTOBER . . . MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS", The Colonial Mining Journal, Railway and Share Gazette and Illustrated Record [Melbourne, VIC] (8 August 1861), 182 

Mr. Blagey [sic], Colonial-made Piano.
" Devereux, Colonial-made Stringed Musical Instruments of various kinds.
" P. Terliki, Colonial-made Piano.
" Wilkie, Colonial-made Piano.
" H. C. Nicholas, one Six-stop Harmonium in Blackwood and Huon Pine; one Three-stop Harmonium in Cedar Case.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Ranger Blazey (pianoforte maker); John Devereux (violin maker); Peter Terlecki (pianoforte maker); Joseph Wilkie (pianoforte maker)

"VICTORIAN EXHIBITION. LIST OF AWARDS", Geelong Advertiser (12 December 1861), 1 supplement 

Class V. - Sccond-class Certificate . . . Nicholas, H. C., harmonium . . .
Devereux, John, violins . . . Stevens, G., pianoforte keys; Thorne, James, silver violin strings . . .

[Advertisement], The Herald (27 November 1863), 1 

HARMONIUM for SALE. Five Octaves, quite NEW, only L12. H. C. Nicholas, Pianoforte Tuner, Robe street, St. Kilda.

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 June 1864), 8 

H. C. NICHOLAS'S MUSIC WAREHOUSE, High-street, St Kilda.
Pianofortes tuned, hammers re-covered, silked, and thoroughly repaired.

"THE INTERCOLONIAL EXHIBITION", The Argus (22 December 1866), 5 

. . . an excellent twenty-guinea harmonium, manufactured by Mr. H. C. Nicholas, of 122 Swanston-street and High-street, St. Kilda . . .

[Advertisement], The Age (1 December 1883), 8 

NOTICE OF REMOVAL - H. C. Nicholas, piano-forte tuner and repairer, begs to inform his friends and patrons that he has Removed from High-street, St. Kilda, to "Caithness," Punt-hill, South Yarra. Orders by post card or letter promptly attended to.

"DEATHS", The Argus (6 August 1909), 1 

NICHOLAS. - On the 5th August, at his late residence, Gleneira-road and Regent-street, Elsternwick, Henry Chatterton, the dearly beloved husband of Helen Nicholas, late of St. Kilda and South Yarra, in his 80th year. A colonist of 55 years.

Bibliography and resources:

Enid Noel Matthews, Colonial organs and organ builders (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1969), 3, 134

[134] ST. MARK'S CHURCH [Collingwood/Fitzroy] . . . 6 January 1854, James Blackburn offered the church the use, or purchase at £100, of his small pipe organ of 8 stops; [? later] erected by H. Nicholas for £20 . . .


Lithographer, engraver, music publisher

Born England, c. 1807
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by mid 1836
Died Kurnell, NSW, 23 June 1854, aged "48" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

See also: 

ASSOCIATIONS: W. A. Duncan (musical arranger, editor); Edward Barlow (; William Ferneyhough (music publisher)


[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (27 March 1841), 3

This day is published, price 3s. (to be continued monthly)
No. 1 of THE SACRED MINSTREL, being a collection of APPROVED HYMNS,
arranged and adapted to the choicest movements of THE MOST CELEBRATED COMPOSERS,
and most respectfully inscribed to the Right Rev. Dr. Polding, by W. A. Duncan.
*+* This work was undertaken at the express request of His lordship, for the use of families, schools, and country chapels; and, as only a very limited edition has been printed, immediate application will be necessary to secure copies. Published by W. Nicholas, Bridge-street; and to be had at the Australasian Chronicle Office, and of the Music and Booksellers.

Bibliography and resources:

William Nicholas, Design & art Australia online 

NICHOLLS, Mrs. H. B. (Mrs. H. B. NICHOLLS) = Caroline Margaret HENRY


Bookseller, music seller

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1854 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Banner (27 January 1854), 15 

MUSIC - New and Popular Music, in Davidson;s Musical Treasury, of which all the sorts are now on hand, and lists may be obtained gratis, at Nichol's, Bookseller, opposite Western Market.

MUSIC. - Davidson's Collection of Airs, adapted for the violin, flute, and other treble instruments. A new stock just received at Nichol's, Book seller. Collins street, opposite Western Market.

MUSICAL. Treasury, vocal and instrumental, handsomely bound; Songs of Charles Dibdin, 2 vols.; Music for the Million; Davidson's Treasury of Song and Sentiment, 2 vols. At NICHOL'S, opposite Western Market . . .

ORATORIOS. - Handel's Messiah, Samson, Judas Maccabeus, and Davidson's Choral Books, may now be obtained at G. NICHOL'S, Bookseller, opposite Western Market.

NICHOLSON, James Charles Wilson (James Charles Wilson NICHOLSON; J. C. W. NICHOLSON)

Organ builder, musicseller, music publisher

Born Bradford, Yorkshire, England, 1837
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1859
Died Randwick, NSW, 22 September 1907 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

See also tagged items "Nicholson and Ascherberg": (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Wilkie (music seller); W. H. Glen (music seller); Eugene Ascherberg (music seller)


"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (20 February 1863), 5 

A very successful "inauguration," to borrow the fashionable phrase, of the new organ erected in the Independent Church, Commercial Road, Prahran, took place last evening. The occasion was taken advantage of to supplement the fund already raised, by giving what proved to be one of the most satisfactory performances of sacred music ever attempted in the colony. The programme consisted of a well arranged selection of solos and choruses from Handel, Haydn, Mendelssohn, and other great masters. The members of the Philharmonic Society kindly lent their aid, so that it is almost needless to say that, in conjunction with local talent, each part was admirably sung, and loudly applauded by the large audience who attended, every vacant space in the church being taken up. Mr. C. E. Horsley and Mr. W. Clarke presided at the organ, Mr. Russell undertaking the duties of the baton. During the performance Mr. Horsley played an extempore fantasia, and exhibited his mastery over the instrument. The success of this undertaking ought to stimulate other districts to follow the example set by Prahran. The organ, which was built to order by Messrs. F. W. Nicholson and Co., of Bradford, Yorkshire, and erected by Messrs. Wilkie, Webster and Co., of Collins street, under the superintendence of Mr. J. C. W. Nicholson, brother of the builder, is the most complete instrument of its kind in the colony. It contains eleven stops in both great and swell organ; the compass of the manual of the former being from CC to G (56 notes); three stops in the pedal organ, the compass of which is from CCC to F; four coupling movements, and four composite pedals for raising the stops.

"DEPARTURE OF AN OLD COLONIST", The Age (17 December 1894), 6 

"THE LATE MR. J. C. W. NICHOLSON", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 September 1907), 8 

The death took place on Sunday, at his late residence, Leura, Frenchman's-road, Randwick, of Mr. James Charles Wilson Nicholson, founder of the well known firm of Messrs. Nicholson and Co., music warehousemen, city. Mr. Nicholson, who was on the threshold of his 70th year, had never fully regained his health since he underwent a serious operation in April of this year, though previous to that he possessed remarkable activity, both physical and mental. Associated as he had been since his early days, both in England and in Australia, with the music business, Mr. Nicholson's came was a household one in musical circles. Born in Bradford, Yorkshire, in December, 1837, he was thus close upon the 70th anniversary of his birth. The deceased's family on both sides was connected with the music business, his father being an organ builder, while the relatives on his mother's side were also associated with similar professions. Mr. Nicholson left school at a very early age, to enter his father's organ factory, where he remained until he attained his majority. It was not long after that event that he left England under engagement to the late Mr. Joseph Wilkie, founder of the firm of Messrs. Allan and Co., of Melbourne. Subsequent to 10 years' association with Mr. Wilkie the deceased managed the business of the late Mr. W. H. Glen, with whom he remained four years. Mr. Nicholson then launched out on his own account and started business in Collins-street, Melbourne, where a year later he was joined by Mr. Eugane Ascherberg, and the firm was carried on under the style of Messrs. Nicholson and Ascherberg. The new firm rose rapidly into prominence owing to a bold policy of large importations of musical instruments being followed, and in 1876 a start was made in Sydney, where the branch business was managed by Mr. Ascherberg, while Mr. Nicholson looked after the Melbourne house. Three years later Mr. Ascherberg was incapacitated from business owing to a severe accident, and retired, and the two businesses were conducted by Mr. Nicholson, who afterwards opened branches in Brisbane and Perth. Finding that the control of four houses was proving a tax upon him, Mr. Nicsholson closed up the Brisbane and Melbourne houses, and also disposed of the Perth branch, devoting all his energies to the advancement of the Sydney firm. He made frequent visits to Europe and America, studying the various phases of his business, especially that connected with the manufacture of pianos and organs. The deceased gentleman was a great patron of musical societies, especially in this city and in Melbourne, his gifts of musical works being numerous. It is proposed to present to the National Art Gallery a life-size oil-painting of Mr. Nicholson, done by Mr. Tom Roberts. He left a widow, one son (Mr. Louis Nicholson), and one daughter (Mrs. Hartley). His grandchildren are Messrs. Louis Nicholson, jun., and John Nicholson, and Miss Mignon Nicholson. His remains will be interred in the family vault, Melbourne.

NICOLO, Signor (Signor NICOLO)


Active Sydney, NSW, 1850 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 August 1850), 1 

THIS EVENING, third and positively the last performance on Two Patent Harmoniums.
PROGRAMME . . . 4. There is a Flower that bloometh; Signor Nicolo - Wallace . . .
PART II. 1. Duetto - Giorno Dorrore; Signor Nicolo and Madame Gautrot - Rossini . . .
3. The Wind and the Beam; Signor Nicolo - Blockley . . .

"PROMENADE CONCERT", The People's Advocate and New South Wales Vindicator (31 August 1850), 4 

The announcement of the last exhibition of that ingenious instrument the Harmonium attracted a select assemblage at the Royal Hotel on Wednesday evening. The entertainments passed off successfully, with the exception of the vocal experimentalising of a Signor Nicolo, whose most uncouth harmony irresistibly reminded us of the all but inaudible humming of a bee in a bottle. It was pretty generally whispered through the room that the young gentleman had clandestinely strayed from the maternal bosom, oblivious of his petticoats; for with which of the sexes he claims identity is to this hour, with us, a matter admitting of argument.


Teacher of music

Arrived Adelaide, SA, 29 August 1852 (per Woolbridge, from Plymouth, 22 May)
Active Sydney, NSW, June 1854

NIEBOUR, Katharine (Katharine/Katherine NIEBOUR; Mrs. Edward CALDWELL)

Teacher of music

Arrived Adelaide, SA, 29 August 1852 (per Woolbridge, from Plymouth, 22 May)
Married Edward CAMPBELL, Adelaide, SA, 1 April 1854
Active Sydney, NSW, June 1854 (shareable link to this entry)


Two daughters of the English musician, George Henry Niebour (c.1788-1850), and his wife Jane Sexton (c.1790-1844).


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", Adelaide Observer (4 September 1852), 4 

Sunday, August 29 . . . The ship Woolbridge, 516 tons, Gilbert Coppell, master, from Plymouth, 22nd May. Passengers - Mr. and. Mrs. Hall, Mr. and Mrs. Gath, Mrs. Walpole, Messrs. Gee, Howard, and Shaw, in the cabin; Misses Niebour . . . in the steerage . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (10 November 1852), 2

MISS M. NEIBOUR continues to give Lessons on the Pianoforte, Spanish Guitar, and Singing, at her own residence or her pupils.
Terms - Four lessons, One Guinea. Money expected to be paid in advance, either by the lesson or quarter.
Address - Mrs. Hodgkinson, Franklin-street, East.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (6 April 1854), 1 

MISS NIEBOUR begs to return thanks for the kind patronage she has hitherto received from her patrons, and trusts to have a continuance of their favours.
Miss Niebour begs also to announce that her Sister has just arrived in the colony, who will assist her in her duties. Grenfell-street, Adelaide.

"MARRIED", Adelaide Observer (8 April 1854), 5 

On the 1st instant, at North Adelaide, Mr. E. Caldwell, late of Southampton, in the county of Hants, to Katharine Niebour, daughter of G. H. Niebour, Esq., of Uxbridge, Middlesex.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE . . . CLEARED OUT", Adelaide Times (1 May 1854), 2 

Saturday, April 29 . . . The schooner Robert Clive, 164 tons, Roberts, master, for Melbourne. Passengers . . . Miss Neibour [sic] . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 June 1854), 1

MRS. CALDWELL and Miss M. NIEBOUR, daughters of the late G. H. Niebour, Music Composer, Director, Leader, and Bandmaster to his late Majesty King William the Fourth's private band, and organist of the Chapel Royal - respectfully solicit the patronage of the ladies of Sydney and its vicinity, in teaching the harp, pianofortes, Spanish guitar, concertina, and singing.

NIEMANN, Alfred Theodore (Alfred Theodore NIEMANN; Mr. A. T. NIEMANN)

Accordion player

Arrived Adelaide, SA, 27 September 1846 (per Joseph Albino from Cape of Good Hope via King George Sound)
Active Adelaide, SA, 1847
Died SA, February 1909 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], Adelaide Observer (6 February 1847), 8 

. . . The entertainments will be accompanied by Mr. A. T. Niemann's wonderful performances on the ACCORDION . . .

"TOTAL ABSTINENCE SOCIETY", South Australian (12 February 1847), 5

. . . A number of dissolving views were exhibited, many of them good; and Mr. Nieman's performances on the accordion were creditable.

Bibliography and resources:

"Niemann", High on the hill: the people of St. Philip and St. James Church, Old Noarlunga, 161 

NINGULABUL (Sons of old Ningulabul)

Songmakers (shareable link to this entry)

Ningulabul (younger)
Winberri (Winberry; Windberry)

Died (murdered) outside Melbourne, VIC, 11 October 1840, aged 23

Ner-rim-bin-uk (Nurmbinuck, Young Winberri)


According to Diane Barwick (1984) the sons of old Ningulabul - younger Ningulabul, Winberri/Windberry (shot in October 1840 Lettsom raid) and Ner-rim-bin-uk/Nurmbinuck/Young winberri, were "all famed song-makers", able "to pass safely through different remote tribes". Winberri was leader of a party accused of an attack on the station of Mr. Snodgrass on the Goulburn River, and captured by Major Lettsom in an illegal chase along the Heidelberg road on 11 October 1840. Winberri was shot dead in the roundup, but was quoted by the hut keeper who was robbed, Winberri:

said that the sheep eat the grass belonging to his kangaroo, and white fellow took kangaroo and what for no give him sheep?


"PORT PHILLIP", The Sydney Herald (24 October 1840), 2

"Port Phillip", The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (24 October 1840), 2

"PORT PHILIP", The Colonist (3 November 1840), 3

Bibliography and resources:

Diane E. Barwick, "Mapping the past: an atlas of Victorian clans 1835-1904", Aboriginal History 8/1 (1984), 100-131

Marie Hansen Fels, I succeeded once: the Aboriginal Protectorate on the Mornington Peninsula, 1839-1840 (Canberra: ANU Press, 2011), 114-17

NISH, Anthony (Anthony NISH; Mr. A. NISH; Tony NISH; Mr. NISH)

Minstrel, serenader, violinist , composer, musical director (Nish's Christy's Minstrels)

Born Gallowgate, Newcastle-on-Tyne, England, "February 1831" / "1833"
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, January 1863
Departed Melbourne, VIC, September 1867 (via Perth, WA)
Died London, England, 3 October 1874, "aged 43" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (WorldCat identity) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Argus (30 January 1863), 8

The Original and Well-known
From Her Majesty's Theatre, St. James's, and Polygraphic Halls, London, Patronized by Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen, the late Prince Consort, the Prince of Wales, and all the Royal Family; their Majesties the Emperor and Empress of the French, the Archduke and Archduchess of Austria, the Princess Mary, the Duchess of Manchester, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, the Duke of Athol, Sir P. Woodhouse, Governor of Cape Colony; General Wyndham, Lieutenant-Governor, and the most distinguished members of the nobility and gentry, whose concerts in England, exceeding 2000, have been pronounced by the unanimous voice of the press the ne plus ultra of Negro Minstrelsy,
Will have the honour of giving a series of their CONCERTS
In the Theatre Royal, commencing
Stage Manager - Mr. J. Brown.
Musical Director - Mr. A. Nish.
Secretary - Mr. [J.] H. Melvyn.

"CHRISTY'S MINSTRELS", Freeman's Journal (6 May 1863), 6

Mr. Nish is known to the public as the musical director of the company; and to him we are indebted, not only for the beautiful accompaniments to the various pieces, but for the exquisite manner in which he executes them on the violin.

"CHRISTY'S MINSTRELS", The Mercury (12 June 1863), 2

"GENERAL NEWS", The Adelaide Express (20 May 1865), 2 

The Christy's Minstrels gave their first performance at White s Rooms, on Friday evening, the 19th instant. The attendance was very numerous and highly respectable. This Company is composed of vocalists and instrumentalists, who, after completing a highly successful musical tour through India and the East, are now visiting in turn the Australian colonies. With regard to the title of this company - the veritable and original Christy's Minstrels a word or two may prevent any mis-apprehension on the subject. When the last Manager of the Company, which attracted so much notice England, retired, he disposed of his business to Mr. A. Nish and Mr. W. P. Collins, who afterward separated. Mr. Nish, it will be remembered, visited Adelaide some months ago with his Company, and Mr. Collins went to England, where - in conjunction with Mr. J. W. Smith (who was about the first to introduce the negro melodies into England), and Mr. J. Brown, who came over to London with the first troupe of the Christy's Minstrels in 1857 - he found a company consisting of performers who had at different times played either in England or in America with the Christy's. This, with the exception of Mr. Kaster, who died in Sydney, and has been replaced by Mr. Harvey, an old "Christyite," is the company now performing in Adelaide . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 May 1867), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 June 1867), 3

THE PARTNERSHIP heretofore existing between the undersigned Thomas Coker and Anthony Nish, in the music-hall and hotel known as the Varieties Is this day DISSOLVED, by mutual consent. All debts due by and to the firm will be received and paid by the said Thomas Coker, by whom the business will be carried on. Dated this 10th day of June, 1867.
Witness - Edw. U. Gardner.

"LOCAL AND GENERAL NEWS", The Inquirer and Commercial News (18 September 1867), 3 

The passenger-vans arrived from Albany on Thursday and Friday, bringing as passengers Mr. Harvey and Mr. Nish (Christy's Minstrels), and Mrs. Barnett and 2 children, from Melbourne . . .

"AUSTRALIAN ACTORS IN ENGLAND", Bendigo Advertiser (29 June 1869), 3

"DEATH OF MR. ANTHONY NISH", The Cornwall Chronicle (16 December 1874), 2

The "Anglo Australian" in London writing in the European Mail of the 30th October, remarks: Those of my readers who remember the performances of the Christy Minstrels will be grieved to hear of the death of Mr. Anthony Nish, at the early age of 43 years. The Christys, though performing with on diminished success at St. James's Hall, have sustained a very serious loss, and the frequenters of their performances will long remember the delightful strains of that talented instrumentalist. The company at St. James's Hall paid every mark of respect to the memory of   their cherished associate, and testified further  by their feelingly chanting over his grave their sorrow for the companion who had gone. We may add to this, that Anthony Nish, born in the Gallowgate, Newcastle-on-Tyne, was a schoolfellow of Mr. J. H. Melvyn, now of Launceston, and they were members of the same choir. Nish went to America when young and returned to England with the original Christy Minstrels- managed by Rayner and Pierce. They were joined by Mr. Melvyn and made a brilliant and highly successful tour through the three kingdoms, and then went on the continent. They had the honor of performing before the late Emperor Maximilian at the Tulleries. Their success in the colonies during their tour in 1863 will be remembered by most colonists. Mr. Nish was the composer of "Emmeline" and "Hoop de dooden do," re-arranged music for "Come where my love lies dreaming," and many other popular pieces.

"DEATH OF MR. ANTHONY NISH", The Australasian (2 January 1875), 15 

The news of the decease of the above-named gentleman has been, I am sure, received with much regret by his many friend, no only in this city, but in all the colonies. Mr. "Tony" Nish was born at Newcastle-on-Tyne in the early part of February, 1831. Almost from his infancy he evinced a decided taste for music, and at the age of 10 he often took a prominent position in the orchestras of his native town, at the same time displaying a considerable talent as a composer, and as a musician soon gained a foremost position. In 1850 the subject of our memoir made a professional tour through the United States, and returned to England with a troupe of minstrels in 1855, in which, under the able training of Mr. Nish, part-singing was the main attraction. In 1862 he organised a company consisting of himself as leader and conductor, Joe Brown, Washington Norton, Chas. Steele, J. [sic, T] Rainford, Byron, Charles Stewart, and J. H. Melvyn (alto), and made a tour of Australia, New Zealand, India, and the Cape colonies, everywhere meeting with the most gratifying results. About the year 1868 he returned to England and accepted an engagement as musical director to Messrs. Moore and Burgess's Minstrels, which position he occupied until his decease. Mr. Nish was a prolific composer, and amongst the popular songs composed by him may be mentioned "Fairies of Dreamland," "Under the Lamp," "Wake Us at Dawn," "Hark the Drum," "Sunshine is Sweeter than Rain," all of which have made their mark as compositions of the highest order of merit. The "passing away" of this talented musician took place on the 3rd of October last after a short illness of eight days, the result of erysipelas brought on by the accidental drawing of a sound tooth instead of a decayed one. The funeral took place at Brompton cemetery, a solemn dirge (the composition of the deceased gentleman) being sang by the members of the St. James's Hall company. It is satisfactory to know that the widow is well provided for. - CALL BOY.

"CHRISTY MINSTRELS", Launceston Examiner (8 May 1875), 5

CHRISTY MINSTRELS. The following particulars of the whereabouts of the members of the first lot of "knights of the burnt cork" who visited Australia under the above title, extracted from the New York Clipper of December 12, will I be read with interest: - "J. Stewart is now in Edinburgh, Scotland. Wash Norton is now performing with Kelly and Leon's Minstrels, Chicago, Ill.. P. Maxey was Max Irwin, who died in Adelaide, Australia, August  9, 1864. J. H. Melvyn is teaching music at Launceston, Tasmania. T. Rainford is travelling with an English opera company in Australia. Carl Steele was with Dan Bryant's Minstrels, in this city, during the season of 1873-4, but is now in Germany. Anthony Nish was the musical director of Moore and Burgess's Minstrels, London, England, for some years prior to his death, which occurred October 3, 1874. Edward Harvey is with Hughy Dougherty in the Diamond Fields, Cape of Good Hope, South Africa."

"Deaths", Sheffield Independent [England] (7 October 1874), 3

Oct. 3, at Norfolk terrace, Britannia road, Fulham, Mr. Anthony Nish, for many years the Musical Director of the Moore and Burgess Minstrels, aged 43.

"DEATH OF A POPULAR [REDACTED] MELODIST", Newcastle Courant [England] (Friday 16 October 1874), 8

The death is announced of Mr. Anthony Nish, conductor of Messrs. Moore and Burgess's entertainments at St. James's Hall, London. Mr. Nish was a native of Newcastle-on-Tyne, and was born in 1833. He was the composer of many charming songs, ballads, and chorusses, originally performed by the Moore and Burgess minstrels, afterwards sung in thousands of private drawing rooms, and introduced into some portion of the performances of nearly every theatre in the kingdom. All of these and many other ot Nish's melodies enjoy a world-wide reputation.

Bibliography and resources:

Edward Le Roy Rice, Monarchs of minstrelsy from "Daddy" Rice to date (New York: Kenny Publishing Company, 1911), 63, also 50, 74 

Anthony Nish was well known for many years as a minstrel "leader." His first theatrical appearance was in the 50's, with Parham's Minstrels. July 11, 1857, he sailed for England with Raynor and Pierce's "Christy" Minstrels, opening in London, August 3, following. He continued with this company for a lengthy period, later organizing a troupe of his own. He finally returned to London, and was with Moore and Burgess' Minstrels for many years. He was born in New Castle, England; he died in London, England, October 3, 1874; age 39 years.

Col. T. Allston Brown, "Early history of negro minstrelsy, its rise and progress in the United States", The New York clipper (8 June 1912), 1 (DIGITISED)

. . . The Nish party reached Sydney December 9, 1863, and opened Boxing Night (in December), where they made a lengthy stay . . . Nish's Christy's were at Auckland, New Zealand, in October, 1865, and left October 6 to go further South. Wash Norton was with the troupe. On their farewell appearance there they appeared in white face, the occasion being for the benefit of Nish and Melvyn. . . . Anthony Nish, musical director of Moore & Burgess' Christy's, died in London, Eng., Oct. 3, 1873, of erysipelas, caused by the extraction of a sound tooth in place of one decayed. He was born at Newcastle-on-Tyne, Eng., in February, 1831. In 1850 he visited the United States. His remians were interred in Brompton Cemetery.

"Anthony Nish", The encyclopaedia of South African theatre, film, media and performance (ESAT) 

NIXON, Mrs. (Mrs. NIXON)

Teacher of pianoforte

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1853


[Advertisement], The Argus (19 August 1853), 8 

PIANOFORTE - Mrs. Nixon, a professional, who has had considerable experience, wishes for a few pupils who could be instructed either at their own residences, or at 10, Lonsdale-street, west.

NIXON, Francis Russell (Francis Russell NIXON)

First bishop of Tasmania, amateur musician, organist, composer

Born North Cray, Kent, England, 1 August 1803
Married Anna Maria WOODCOCK, 1836
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 19-20 July 1843 (per Duke of Roxburgh from London, 7 March)
Departed Hobart, TAS, 21 February 1862 (on the Percy, for England, resigned in 1863, while there on leave)
Died Lake Maggiore, Italy, 7 April 1879 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

NIXON, Anna Maria (Anna Maria; Mrs. F. R. NIXON)

Amateur musician, organist

Born England, 1802
Married Francis Russell NIXON, 1836
Died Lake Maggiore, Italy, 26 November 1868 (shareable link to this entry)

NIXON, Harriet Harriet NIXON)

Amateur musician, pianist, organist (daughter of the above)

Images: Francis Russell Nixon (photo) (DIGITISED)

Westminster Abbey consecration of the first Bishop of Tasmania, Dr. Nixon . . . on 24th August 1842; (DIGITISED)

Anna Maria Nixon (sketch): The drawing room with organ, Bishopstowe, Hobart Town, 1845; Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery

Anna Maria Nixon (sketch): The drawing room with organ, Bishopstowe, Hobart Town, 1845; Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery (DIGITISED)


Caroline Elliott; Hobart Town Choral Society; Frederick Alexander Packer




Mrs. J. H. Wedge, letter, 7 August 1844, extract; from Nixon 1953, 28

Now I must tell you of your pets - the children - commencing with dear Harriet as being the eldest. She and Mary were staying with me five weeks during Mrs. Nixon's confinement. They were most tractable and good as any children would be, and seemed delighted in being again with me. Of course, being visitors, I no longer exerted my authority as governess; nor, indeed, was it required. They are both grown; Harriett, I think, improved in temper and certainly more gentle in manner than formerly, and very affectionate, and improved in her general education. As to the musical branch of it, I can't say much about that, but it will be very creditable to her if she ever does anything in it, considering all the interruptions she has had. She learns dancing and also the gymnastic exercises that are so essential for an awkward child, but these lessons are at the enormous rate of £ per annum. I believe education generally is very expensive in this Colony, notwithstanding the depression of the times. It is very difficult to meet with a real gentlewoman who teaches - the society generally is quite second-rate. You do meet with a few here and there who are lady-like persons, but they are very scarce - there are decidedly more gentlemen than ladies. But I am digressing. I meant to say that Harriet has not yet commenced music upon an instrument. Whether she is to begin to learn the organ is uncertain, though I think her father wishes her to have lessons from Mrs. Elliott, who is the organist at St. David's.

Anna Nixon, letter, 6 April 1845; Nixon 1953, 46

Our organ is a great delight to me. I continue to play every Sunday evening at St. David's.

John Davis Mereweather, diary, 16 December 1850; Mereweather 1859, 71

Dec. 16. [1850] - Was introduced to Dr. Nixon, the Bishop of Tasmania, who received me with great good nature, and talked much and well on many subjects. Dr. Nixon is by no means an ordinary character. Gifted with great impromptu eloquence, he is a sound divine, for he has published a standard work on our Catechism, the best that we have. He plays the organ admirably, and can compose music. He is an excellent painter in oils and water-colours, and sketches beautifully. He is a good scholar, and is indefatigable in his pastoral labours. Yet this excellent prelate has very many enemies in his diocese, of whom some, I am sorry to say, call themselves Church-people. He is a firm friend to all his right-thinking clergy, and supports them to the uttermost in carrying out that which he conceives conducive to the interests of the Church.

"THE ORATORIO", The Courier (23 May 1846), 3

. . . The "Te Deum" was well performed by the full orchestra, and with evident advantage from a more intimate acquaintance. This piece, we must observe, is from an unpublished MS., by Paisiello, presented to the Society by the Bishop of Tasmania . . .

[Advertisement], The Mercury (10 February 1862), 1

Splendid Rosewood Grand Piano-forte.
To be disposed of, a Brilliant and Full-toned three-stringed Rosewood Grand PIANO- FORTE, compass 6 7-8ths. This instrument was a few months since imported to the order of the owner (Miss Nixon, Bishopstowe) from the house of Messrs. Broadwood and Sons, and is parted with solely on account of the family leaving for England. Full particulars may be known on application to Mr. PACKER, Professor of Music, 19 Davey-street.

"THE BISHOP", The Mercury (17 February 1862), 2

"THE BISHOP OF TASMANIA", The Cornwall Chronicle (22 February 1862), 3

"SUMMARY OF NEWS", The Mercury (23 July 1862), 3

Mrs. Arthur Davenport, diary, 22 November 1863 [note Nixon 1953]; Nixon 1953, 54

Yesterday was the Bishopstowe sale. Captain Bayley bought the house. The organ was sold to the Scottish Church at Campbell Town. [This organ (bought by Dr. Turnbull for his church at Campbell Town) is the one brought out in the "Duke of Roxburgh" and set up by the Bishop in his home, a constant joy to himself and his wife, and there are memories recorded of hearing the Bishop playing far into the night. At Bishopstowe it stood in the large drawing-room, the room also used for Church meetings.]

Bibliography and resources:

Mereweather 1859, 71-72

Norah Nixon (ed.), The pioneer bishop in Van Diemen's Land 1843-1863: letters and memories of Francis Russell Nixon, D.D., first bishop of Tasmania ([Hobart: Author, 1953])

[intro.]: Mrs. Nixon's duties were manifold, as Bishop's Secretary writing and copying often far into the night (no typewriter in those days!), showing hospitality to all and sundry, taking Sunday School and Confirmation Classes, playing the organ for church services, visiting and nursing sick neighbours, etc.

Graeme Rushworth, "The Port Arthur organ: fact and legend", extract from OHTA journal (October 1998), 25-34 

Graeme Rushworth, "Notes on some early Tasmanian organs and also on the commencement of the Hobart Town Choral Society", extract from OHTA journal (April 1999), 33-39 

John Maidment, "[At the] Museum of Old and New Art (MONA) . . . B. 1847 J.C. Bishop, London for Bishop F. R. Nixon", Historical and technical documentation, OHTA (last updated May 2011) 

NOOK, George (George NOOK)


Arrived NSW, 1801 (per Minorca)
Active Sydney, NSW, 1814 (shareable link to this entry)

Summary (after Jordan 2012):

The 1814 muster lists George Nook, described as a "fiddler", living in Sydney, having arrived on the transport Minorca.

Bibliography and resources:

Robert Jordan, "Music and civil society in New South Wales, 1788-1809", Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society 98/2 (December 2012), (193-210), 202;dn=060857840144157;res=IELHSS202 (PAYWALL)


Vocalist, pianist, harpist, teacher

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1852 (shareable link to this entry)


"THE CONCERT", The Argus (23 September 1852), 5

THE CONCERT. - The following is the Programme of the Concert for this evening:
Overture - Freebooters.
Song - The Slave, (by desire) Mrs. Testar.
Barcarole- How lovely is the night, Mr. Cogdon.
Grand Violin Solo - Melancholy - Herr Mater.
Song -The Captive Greek Girl, Mrs. Norman.
Cornet a Piston Solo - Lucia di Lammermoor, Mr. West.
Scena - Oh, love for me thy power, Mrs. Testar.
Overture - Il nozze del Figaro.
Song- When first he wooed, Mrs. Norman.
Waltz - Die Elfin.
Ballad - Roam with me, Mrs. Testar.
Romaunt - Home of my fathers, Mr. Cogdon.
Song - Hours there were, to memory dearer, (Harp accompaniment,) Mrs. Norman.
Finale - Rule Britannia.

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 October 1852), 3 

MUSIC. MRS. NORMAN, pupil of Sir G. Smart and Chatterton, respectfully announces to the inhabitants of Melbourne and its vicinity that she is now prepared to give lessons on the Piano Forte, Harp, and Singing, at her present residence, No. 2, Little Bourke-street, West, opposite Waterloo Cottage, and flatters herself that the same success will attend her efforts for the advancement of her pupils that she has experienced in some of the first families England.

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 October 1852), 3

MRS. NORMAN, pupil of Sir G. Smart and Chatterton, respectfully announces to the inhabitants of Melbourne and its vicinity that she is now prepared to give lesions on the Piano Forte, Harp, and Singing, at her residence, No. 13, Russell-street, and she flatters herself that the same success will attend her effort for the advancement of her pupils that she has experienced in some of the first families in England.

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 November 1852), 7

. . . she gives lessons on the harp and piano and in singing, also in drawing and painting. Specimens of the latter may be seen at her residence, 13, Russell street, near the river.

Bibliography and resources:

Hallo, 80, 136, 202 (DIGITISED)

NORMAN, James Marsh (James Marsh NORMAN; Rev. J. M. NORMAN)

Amateur song writer and composer, vocalist, organist, Anglican priest

Born Launceston, VDL (TAS), 21 August 1828; son of James NORMAN (c. 1789-1868) and Judith WRIGHT (c. 1790-1832)
Died Cressy, TAS, April 1904 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Norman's The iron horse ("Song . . . words by Rev. R. J. Norman, the music composed by himself") was on a mixed social program at Longford in October 1867.

In 1889, during his time as parish priest of Cressy it was reported:

The incumbent, the Rev. J. M. Norman, preached earnest and practical sermons, while the grand music, which forms so pleasing a part of the church service, was well rendered by a strong choir under the leadership of Miss Norman.


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. John, Launceston . . . in the year 1828; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1080472; RGD32/1/1/ no 2829$init=RGD32-1-1-p157 

"CHRIST'S COLLEGE", The Courier (21 December 1850), 2 

THE Fourth Annual Commemoration of this institution took place at the College on Thursday, the 5th instant. The proceedings commenced, as on former occasions, with morning prayer in the College Chapel at 11 a.m. The Chapel was quite filled; and many of the congregation were assembled round the door, where, however, they were able to join in the service . . . The prayers were said by the Warden; and we must not omit to notice the chanting, accompanied on the organ by Mr. J. M. Norman, late a Divinity Student in the College. Although all the Canticles were chanted, yet we were especially struck by the manner of chanting the "Benedicite, omnia opera," the first phrase of each verse being taken alternately by the Warden and one of the boys, the whole congregation joining, heart and soul, in the "praise Him and magnify Him for ever," which concludes each verse . . .

"CHRIST'S COLLEGE", The Courier (3 February 1853), 2

. . . The sixth annual commemoration of the founding of this institution was held on Thursday, the 20th of January. The number of visitors, though not equal to what it was in the first two years of the College, was greater than on any of the more recent anniversaries. The day's proceedings commenced as usual with Divine Service in the College Chapel, which was said by the Warden, - the Canticles bring chanted by the members of the College, assisted by many of the visitors. The Rev. J. Norman accompanied the chants on the organ.

"COUNTRY INTELLIGENCE: LONGFORD", Launceston Examiner (1 October 1867), 6

"CRESSY", Launceston Examiner (26 March 1889), 4

"OBITUARY", Examiner (27 April 1904), 6

NORMAN, Linly (Alfred Linly NORMAN; Linly NORMAN; Linley NORMAN; Mr. L. NORMAN)

Musician, pianist, operatic conductor

Born London, England, 1833; son of James NORMAN and Elizabeth ?
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 27 June 1856 (per James Baines, from Liverpool, England, 6 April)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 30 June 1856 (per London, from Melbourne, 28 June)
Died Launceston, TAS, 16 October 1869, aged 33 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Linly (Linley) Norman, or Alfred as he was listed, aged 18, in the 1851 census, was probably born in or around 1833, a son of James Norman, a pianoforte maker, and his wife Elizabeth.

An elder brother, Augustus Charles Norman, described as a piano tuner in the 1851 census, was born in 2 March 1826, and baptised at St. Pancras Old Church on 25 June 1826. Another son, Thomas James Norman, was born on 28 December 1832, and baptised at St. Mary's, St. Marylebone Road, on 20 January 1833. It is possible that this Thomas was in fact Alfred; or if not, another son born later in 1833. A daughter Helen (1829-1868) married the actor James Henry Walker Elphinstone (1818-1892) in 1847.

According to his 1863 advertisements, James Norman had spent 26 years with the firm of Collard and Collard, and in 1851 he and his family were living at 28 Baker-street. In the London Post office directory in the early 1860s, 28 Baker-street was still given as the London postal address both for James Norman, pianoforte manufacturer, and for Alfred Linley Norman [sic], professor of music, albeit that the latter was in Australia.

As recorded by George Loyau, Linly Norman was a pupil of George Smart, and was later enrolled in the Royal Academy of Music, which he left with honors, having participated while there in a class taught by Mendelssohn, therefore probably during that composer's last two visits to London, in 1846 or 1847.

He was first certainly noted in the press as "Mr. Alfred Linley Norman", the absent pianist from a performance in September 1852 in Hertford, 30 kms north of central London.

Thereafter, he appeared most frequently in the English press as "Linley Norman", while also less often as "Linly Norman", the spelling he appears to have preferred later in Australia.

At Sadlers Wells Theatre, in London in March 1853, he was musical director for the actor and manager William Hoskins and his wife, the soprano Julia Harland in their Shakespearian entertainment. His association with Hoskins and Harland continued in January 1855, when they began a provincial tour as the English Opera Company, with Norman billed as conductor.

Hoskins and the opera company last appeared at Gloucester in March and early April 1856, cutting short their advertised season in order to sail for Australia, with Walter Sherwin (tenor), and Robert Farquharson (bass).


England census, 30 March 1851, St. Marylebone, Middlesex; UK National Archives, HO 107 / 1488 (PAYWALL)

28 Baker Street / Jas. Norman / Head / 56 / Pianoforte Mkr. / [born] Bidford Dorset
E'th [Norman] / Wife / 52 / - / [born] London
E'th [Norman] / D'r / 28 / [illegible ? Musical p.] / [born London]
Jessy [Norman] / D'r / 27 / [illegible ? Harp p.] / [born London]
Aug'ts [Norman] / Son / 24 / Pianoforte tuner / [born London
Alfred [Norman] / Son / 18 / [illegible ? Piano p.] [born London]

"EVENINGS WITH GREAT COMPOSERS", Hertford Mercury and Reformer (9 October 1852), (PAYWALL)

On Thursday evening sennight, Mr. William Harry Cortesi, assisted by Herr Lowedon, gave his first evening with the Italian, German, and English Composers, at the Assembly Room in the Shire Hall . . . The programme was good one; but from the very short attendance, and the absence of Mr. Alfred Linley Norman, who was announced to preside the pianoforte, the whole selection was not gone through . . . Mr. Bridgeinan lent his grand pianoforte, and, in consequence of the absence of Mr. Norman, he most kindly accompanied several of the songs at the requested Mr. Cortesi . . .

"MR. HOSKINS'S SHAKSPEARIAN ENTERTAINMENT", Morning Advertiser [London] (23 March 1853), 6 (PAYWALL)

What may termed chamber entertainments seem to be daily gaining increasing favour in public estimation, and there are many reasons why they should, were there the time to descant upon them. Last night Mr. Hoskins added novel one to the many before the town, and produced at Sadler's Wells Theatre what he terms "Leaves from the Life, and Lays from the Lyre of William Shakspeare." It consists of two parts, the first on "the Ballad Literature Shakspeare," which, besides being illustrated by the lecturer in a few brief and clever sentences, is vocalised by a small band of singers, consisting of Miss Julia Harland, Miss Brunton, Miss Fanny Beaumont, Messrs. Sharpe, Price, and Beale, the whole being conducted by Mr. Linly Norman. They performed a dozen of the most noted of the ballads which are interspersed in the plays. Miss Harland is by much the foremost singer of this little company, and sang "When daisies pied," "Come unto this Yellow Sand," and "Where the Bee Sucks," with great effect and feeling, and elicited on every occasion an encore . . .

"MR. HOSKINS' SHAKSPERIAN ENTERTAINMENT", The Era [London] (27 March 1853), 12 (PAYWALL)

. . . The most recent addition to the large class of "exhibitors" who appear at Mechanics' and Literary Institutions, or on the stage during any temporary cessation of the regular performances, is Mr. Hoskins, the actor, who has produced during the week, at Sadler's Wells Theatre, an entertainment called "Leaves from the Life and Lays from the Lyre of William Shakspere." It is divided into two parts, the first consisting of a species of concert, in which the songs which are scattered throughout the plays are sung by a select band of vocalists, under the direction of Mr. Linley Norman, and including Miss Julia Harland, Miss Fanny Beaumont, Miss Brunton, Messrs. Sharpe, Price, and Beale. The music was executed with much skill and feeling, and with an appreciation of the subjects illustrated, which added greatly to the charm of the performance. The most distinguished singer in the group was Miss Julia Harland, who proved herself an accomplished vocalist, and who was honoured by several well-merited encores . . .

[Advertisement], Cheltenham Looker-On (20 January 1855), 1 (PAYWALL)

Royal Old Wells.
ENGLISH OPERA COMPANY. From the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane.
FOR A LIMITED NUMBER of NIGHTS, commencing MONDAY, Jan. 22, 1855, comprising the following eminent Artistes: -

"ENGLISH OPERA", Cheltenham Journal and Gloucestershire Fashionable Weekly Gazette (27 January 1855), 2 (PAYWALL)

The English Opera Company from the Drury Lane Theatre have been performing this week, at the Royal Old Wells, and, considering the severity of the weather, and other unforeseen circumstances, with tolerable success. And if they have not secured crowded room each evening, it is not because they did not deserve it. The leading artistes are Mr. Elliot Geier, the new English tenor, whose debut in the metropolis some time since proved highly successful; Mr. Henri Corri, who has appeared in Cheltenham before; and Miss Julia Harland. And these have been supported ably by Miss Fanny Reeves, Mr. Oliver Summers, and Mr. D'Arcy Reed. The operas which have been produced are "La Sonnambula," "Maritana," "Lucia di Lammermore," and the "Bohemian Girl," the after pieces including the musical farces of "No Song, no Supper," "The Loan of a Lover," and "The Swiss Cottage." The whole of the pieces presented have been nicely put upon the stage; and each member of the company has shewn himself not only gifted with vocal powers, but also an agreeable amount of histrionic knowledge. The music, under the direction of Mr. Linley Norman, has been equally satisfactory. The reception which has greeted, each evening, the appearance of the leading members of the troupe has been most gratifying . . .

[Advertisement], The Era (14 October 1855), 1 (PAYWALL)

GRAND ENGLISH OPERA COMPANY, consisting of the following celebrated Artistses: - Miss Julia Harland, Miss Kate Warrington, Mr. Herberte, Mr. Dusek, Mr. Darcy Reed, and Mr. H. Corri; Conductor, Mr. Linley Norman, will performe this week at Nottingham. In consequence of the great success of the Opera Company, the Management have prevailed upon them to extend their visit for six more representations, when NORMA, THE MOUNTAIN SYLPH, THE ELIXIR OF LOVE, and THE DAUGHTER OF THE REGIMENT, will be given in a style of completeness seldom attempted in the Provinces . . .

"THE THEATRE", Brighton Gazette (22 November 1855), 5 (PAYWALL)

. . . By way of diverisfying the performances, the lessee at very considerable expense, and we believe also at considerable pecuniary risk . . . has engaged an Opera Company, entirely distinct from his corps. They made their tost appearance on Monday evening in The Bohemian Girl and The Swiss Cottage. Among them we recognise several old acquaintances, or rather new acquaintances, for have known them here as singers only one season - including Miss Julia Harland, Miss Fanny Reeves, and Mr. H. Corri. The fresh ones are Mr. Herberte, Mr. D'Arcy Read, and Mr. Eugene Dusek, with Mr. Linley Norman as conductor. In order to give additional eclat to the operatic entertainments, the orchestra was augmented; and we were glad to observe Mr. R. H. Nibbs, with his violoncello among the body musicians. As a whole, a more compact efficient band, though small, quite large enough for this Theatre, there could not be; and we need scarcely say that the accompaniments went well throughout . . .

"THE THEATRE", Gloucester Journal (19 January 1856), 3 (PAYWALL)

Want of space compelled us to defer anything like a detailed notice of the Operatic Company during the last week of their engagement here. The novelties produced were the Mountain Sylph and Don Pasquale, the first time that either has been played at Gloucester. The music of the former, but too little known opera, was very nicely executed, Miss Harland playing the heroine . . . And while are on the subject of accompaniments we must not omit our warmest praise to Mr. Linly Norman, who is one of the best accompanyists we have heard, his touch being at the same time delicate and firm, and his playing always correct and tasteful. The performances on Wednesday being under the patronage of the City Sheriff (J. M. Butt, Esq.), and for the benefit of Miss Harland, a house literally crammed to the ceiling assembled to witness the Elixir of Love and Guy Mannering . . . Friday being an extra night, and the last of the season, Don Pasquale, one of Donizetti's most elegant operas, was produced . . . we must say that were excessively pleased the thoroughly finished and artistic manner which it was represented. Miss Harland, as Norina, was delightfully arch and coquettish . . . We hear that their next visit will be about April.

"GLOUCESTER - Theatre Royal", The era (23 March 1856), 11 (PAYWALL)

Mr. Hoskins, the well-known comedian, gave a very clever entertainment last Monday . . . He was assisted in the musical portion by Miss Harland, Miss Maria Stanley, and Mr. Linly Norman. Miss Harland, who is a favourite here, was most cordially received, and encored in several of the Shaksperian songs; and Mr. Norman displayed his talent as a pianist by playing Thalberg's arrangement from Mose en Egitto . . .

"GLOUCESTER (From our own Correspondent)", The musical world (29 March 1856), 197

An entertainment called Leaves from the Life and Lays from the Lyre of William Shakespere was given here last Monday by Mr. Hoskins, a comedian, well known in London. He was assisted by Miss Harland, Miss Maria Stanley, and Mr. Linly Norman. The first lady was encored in several songs; and the entertainment was very successful.


Mr. J. H. Wilton has engaged a corps of theatrical artistes, who will take their departure for Australia in the ship James Baines, which was expected to sail from Liverpool for Melbourne on Sunday morning. They have been engaged for the Theatre Royal, Melbourne, and will be accompanied by Mr. Black, the lessee and builder of that establishment, and by Mr. W. N. Lyons, Mr. Wilton's locum tenens. The artistes already engaged by Mr. Wilton are Miss Fitzpatrick, Miss Julia Harland, Mr. Hoskins, Mr. Farquharson, Mr. Sherwin, and Mr. Linley Norman, Mddle. d'Antoine, and Mons. Martin. Mr. Wilton is also in treaty for an Australian trip, with Mr. Anderson, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Wallack, Mr. and Mrs. Charles Dillon, and Miss Cushman, Mr. Charles Matthews having for the present declined Mr. Wilton's offer, on the score of the ill-health of his wife (Madame Vestris.)

ASSOCIATIONS: John Melton Black (proprietor); Theatre Royal (Melbourne)

"GLOUCESTER - Theatre Royal", The era (13 April 1856), 11 (PAYWALL)

Much disappointment was occasioned last week by the non-appearance of Miss Julia Harland, who was announced to play in the opera of Maritana, with Mr. Linly Norman as conductor. In consequence of their absence the house was closed on the Monday night . . . (We may as well state here that Miss Harland and Mr. Norman sailed for Australia last Sunday in the James Baines, from Liverpool.)

Australia (from 27 June 1856):

"THEATRICAL", The Argus (27 June 1856), 5 

By the James Baines the following members of the musical and theatrical professions have arrived: - Miss Julia Harland, soprano; Mr. Walter Sherwin, tenor; and Mr. Robert Farquharson, bass. Mr. Linley Inman has accompanied these artistes as musical director and conductor, and they bring with them a repertory of thirty operas, with dresses and personal appointments complete. Mr. Hoskins, a light comedian of ability, formerly attached to the Sadler's Wells Theatre, also forms part of the troupe, and will proceed forthwith to Sydney, where they are under engagement for the present.


June 27 - James Baines, R.M, ship, 2315 tons, C. McDonald, from Liverpool 6th April . . .

"THEATRICAL AND MUSICAL", The Age (28 June 1856), 3 

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Age (28 June 1856), 2 

JUNE 30. -London (s.), 700 tons, Captain Watts, from Melbourne 28th instant. Passengers . . . Miss Harland, Mrs. Farquharson . . . Messrs. . . . Norman, Hoskins, Sherwin, Farquharson . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (3 July 1856), 1

"THEATRE ROYAL. OUR LYCEUYM. ENGLISH OPERA", The Argus (1 September 1856), 5 

The Queen's Theatre, re-baptized under the title of "Our Lyceum," opens this evening with an English operatic troupe, under the management of Mr. John Black. The opera selected for the occasion is the "Bride of Lammermoor," and it will be the first time Donizetti's celebrated work has been presented in an English dress to a Victorian audience. Having had the advantage of witnessing a rehearsal we are enabled to give as an opinion that success will be found to be merited by the new arrivals, and we therefore look to see it achieved. Miss Julia Harland, the prima donna, is a daughter of Mr. Henry Wallack, well known to the British and American boards. From the slight opportunity we have had of judging of her professional qualities we are inclined to augur for her a flattering success. We have also a good opinion of the qualifications possessed by Mr. W. Sherwin, the tenor, and hope to see him ere many nights have elapsed a favorite with our Melbourne play-goers. Mr. Farquarson is decidedly an immense acquisition to our corps d'opera, and although Ashton is not a telling part for him, we anticipate a grand treat for the patrons of Our Lyceum this evening from the thoroughly established reputation which this excellent singer has acquired in the mother country, and which has been fully endorsed by our Sydney neighbors. Mr. Gregg and Mrs. Fiddes will, we believe, also appear. The orchestra and chorus have been judiciously selected. The former is under the direction of Mr. Linley Norman, with Strebinger for leader, and numbers several of our most popular instrumental performers, including Messrs. King (first violin), Johnson (clarionet), Hartigan (ophecleide), and in addition a Mr. Siche [recte, Siede], a flautist of high reputation in England and Germany, and who has only very recently arrived in the colony. Mr. Hosking, an admirable light comedian, who will be well remembered by the ci-divant patrons of Messrs. Phelps and Greenwood, also makes his debut this evening as Colonel Jack Delaware, a Yankee "patter" part, in the farce of "A Fast Train."

[Advertisement], The Star (5 February 1859), 3

Post Office London directory 1862 [London, England] (London: Frederick Kelly, 1862), 154 

Baker street (W.) . . .
26 Pyne Misses Louisa & Susan, professors of music
27 Oetzmann Thos. & Co. pianoforte maks
28 Norman james, pianforte manufctr
28 Norman Alfred Linley, prof. of music . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Louisa Pyne (vocalist)

"ENTERTAINMENT AT THE MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", The Cornwall Chronicle (1 October 1869), 2

On Wednesday evening, a complimentary entertainment was given in the large hall of the Mechanics' Institute, for the benefit of Mrs. Charles Phillips. Although some rain fell there was a large attendance, and the instrumental portion of the entertainment was excellent, the performers being Mesers. T. Sharp, J. H. Melvyn, Abbott, Roberts, and Chick (violins); Linly Norman (piano); Josoelyne (Violoncello); C. Galvin (Clarionet); and Harris (Cornet) . . .

Deaths in the district of Launceston, 1869; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1155285; RGD35/1/38 no 1042$init=RGD35-1-38p28 (DIGITISED)

[No.] 1042 / 15 Oct. / Linley Norman [sic] / Male / 33 years [sic] / Professor of Music / Rupture of a blood vessel . . .

"SUDDEN DEATH OF MR. LINLY NORMAN", The Cornwall Chronicle (18 October 1869), 2 

It is with sincere regret that we record the sudden death Mr. Linly Norman, the celebrated professor of music. This occurred at the Union Inn, George-street, early on Saturday morning, from the rupture of a blood vessel in the lungs. On Thursday evening Mr. Norman expressed his intention of proceeding to George Town on a pleasure excursion on board the T.S.N. Company's s.s. Tamar, and requested that he might be called in time to prepare on Friday morning. Mrs. Jones had him called at 7 o'clock, but he then said he did not feel very well and would not go. He, however, got up, dressed, and went about during the day, as usual. Although he slept at the Union Inn he generally dined at the Lauuceston Hotel, and he was there on Friday, and in the Brisbane Hotel reading the Mercury between 9 and 10 o'clock that night. He returned to the Union Inn about 10 o'clock. He complained of being ill, and went up to his bedroom before 11 o'clock. After he left the parlour Mrs Jones noticed that he had thrown or spat up nearly half a pint of blood on the floor, but she had it cleared away, and merely said to Mr. Jones that Mr. Norman must be very ill. About 11 o'clock hearing a noise in Mr. Norman's bedroom they went up and found that he had been retching and throwing up more blood, and having got out of bed to get a drink of water, being very weak, he fell into a corner, breaking a towel-horse in his fall. He requested Mrs. Jones to send for Dr. Miller, and a message was sent immediately; but as the name of Mr. Norman did not reach Dr. Miller, he declined to attend at that late hour. - In the return of the messenger Mr. Norman said he felt better, and would not allow Mr. Jones to send for any other doctor. He said he would do very well until morning. Mrs. Jones made him as comfortable as possible, placing a drink and such articles as he was likely to require on a table at his bedside. After preparing for bed Mrs. Jones again returned to Mr. Norman's room door, and enquired whether she could get him anything else. He replied in quite a firm tone of voice, thanking her, saying he had all he required, and bade her good night, but when Mrs. Jones arose next morning at a quarter to 7 o'clock she went with her son to Mr. Norman's bedroom, and immediately on opening the door saw that he was dead. Dr. Miller was sent for, and as he had previously been consulted by Mr. Norman, the cause of death - rupture of a blood vessel - was so apparent that no inquest was deemed necessary. The remains of the talented but unfortunate Linly Norman were interred in the Church of England cemetery yesterday afternoon, when between forty and fifty gentlemen, who respected the deceased for his amiable qualities and admired his brilliant musical talents, followed his remains to their last resting place.

"INQUESTS. To the Editor of the . . .", Launceston Examiner (19 October 1869), 3 

SIR,- Is it not a departure from usage that no inquest has been held in the case of the late Mr. Linly Norman? . . .

[The rule observed, in cases of sudden death is as follows - Where the person was previously in apparent good health, it is necessary that an inquest should be held; but where the deceased had previously been in ill-health, and attended by a medical man for a disease which might suddenly prove fatal, and the medical man certifies the death to have arisen from that disease, the coroner would not be warranted in holding an inquest. Mr. Norman had been suffering from a combination of diseases, and had been professionally treated for them; and though his medical adviser did not see him immediately before death, he had no doubt as to its cause, and certified accordingly. - ED. L. E.]

"SUDDEN DEATH", Launceston Examiner (19 October 1869), 2 

Mr. Linley Norman, the well-known pianist, was found dead in his bed on Saturday morning. The deceased, who was lodging at the Union Inn, George-street, had been suffering for some time, spitting blood, &c. . . . The unfortunate gentleman, who was one of the most talented musicians who ever visited Launceston, and we believe of a good family, was buried on Sunday, in the Episcopalian burial ground, and a oonsiderable number of citizens, including the members of the musical profession, followed his remains to their last resting place. Dr. Miller, who had attended the deceased some months since, for a combined disease of heart and liver, examined the body alter death, and gave a certificate to the police authorities that he believed death had resulted from the disease Mr. Norman had been treated for. It was therefore deemed unnecessary to hold an inquest.

"DEATHS", The Cornwall Chronicle (20 October 1869), 2 

NORMAN - On the 16th instant, at the Union Hotel, Launceston, suddenly, of the bursting of a blood vessel, Linly Norman, member of the Royal Academy of Music, in the 33rd year of his life. (Melbourne and Adelaide papers please copy.)


A remonstrance is being signed addressed to the Coroner, complaining of his having allowed Mr. Linley Norman to be buried without an inquest. It is not likely, however, that in the circumstances any inquest will now be held.

"THE DRAMA", Leader [Melbourne, VIC] (23 October 1869), 18 

A genial soul, a kindly heart, and a cunning hand have gone suddenly to rest. From Hobart Town we have intelligence of the death of Alfred Linly Norman. Those who knew him best will mourn him most. Cut down in the prime of what, had he so chosen, might have been a great career, he has left behind him a name which will not soon be forgotten in Australasia. The first eminent pianist, who ever visited Victoria, he was perhaps more than the equal of any who have succeeded him. His worst fault was that he did not know his own powers. In very sooth he blushed at the mention of his genius, and doubted its reality. Those who have heard him at the moment of inspiration, however, know how great that was. May a warm friend and a humble admirer be allowed, figuratively, to drop a tear over his grave? - AUTOLYCUS.

"DEATH OF MR. LINLY NORMAN", The Cornwall Chronicle (6 November 1869), 10

Mr. Linly Norman, a member of the Royal Academy of Music, and one who had a European as well as a colonial reputation for great ability in his profession, was found dead in his bed at the Union Inn about 7 o'clock on the morning of Saturday, the 16th October . . .

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (24 November 1969), 4 

PORTRAITS of the late Mr. Linly Norman for sale at W. PAUL DOWLING's Photographic Gallery, Brisbane-street.

[Advertisement], Cairns Post (21 September 1887), 3 

MUSIC - French and English. Mrs. FIELD, Abbott-street; Pupil of Mr. Linly Norman and Professor Jordan . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Thomas Bastard, The autobiography of "Cockney Tom" (Adelaide: McClory and Masterman, 1881)

. . . About this time that great singer Madame Anna Bishop paid a visit to Adelaide, accompanied by Mr. George Loder, an accomplished musician. They took apartments at the York Hotel, kept by a Mrs. Bray, who conceived such a liking for Madame that in her will she bequeathed her a legacy of one thousand pounds, besides making her other presents. Madame required a local agent, and Mrs. Bray, knowing me, recommended me to her. I was accordingly sent for and engaged to make myself generally useful, to sing when required, and to act as money taker at her concerts, and White's Rooms were fixed upon and engaged by me from the proprietor, Mr. Geo. White, on behalf of Madame. The bank authorities allowed me the privilege of taking the engagement of White's Rooms so long as I did not neglect my duty at the bank, and by such engagements I was brought into the society of all the leading artists who visited Adelaide. Perhaps it would not be out of place to mention some of their names, viz., Madame Caley [Cailly], fellow pupil of Jenny Lind, Richard W. Kohler, Miska Hauser, the greatest violinist that ever came to Australia, Linly Norman, Richard White, Madame Carandini, Walter Sherwin, Madame Goddard, the premier pianist, W. Montgomery, B. Fairclough, and many others.

George E. Loyau, Notable South Australians; or, colonists past and present (Adelaide: Carey, Page and Co., 1885), 186

THIS eminent musician and composer arrived in Adelaide in 1856 with the English Opera Company as musical director. He was a pupil of Sir Geo. Smart, and subsequently enrolled in the Royal Academy. Leaving with honors he passed a second course under Mendelssohn, whose first six books of Lieder ohne Worte one of his surviving pupils, now here, heard him during repeated sittings in one-day recite from memory without omission of a single phrase. He left Adelaide, but returned in 1861, and remained five years. He was a peculiarly gifted instructor, extremely quiet in his teaching attitude, and those who studied under him yet testify how completely a lesson was imbibed in merely witnessing his performances, and catching his appropriate remarks and suggestions. This gifted son of genius removed to Tasmania, where a brief illness in October 1869 bereft our southern hemisphere of one of the most enlightened, unobtrusive and cultivated artists.

"The Woman's World . . . MEMENTO OF OTHER DAYS. Theatre Programme Seventy Years Old", The Herald [Melbourne, VIC] (19 May 1928), 14 

The revival of Bellini's opera "Norma," at the Princess Theatre this week by the Fuller-Gonsalez Italian Opera Company has brought to light a souvenir programme of the opera, which was given at the Charlie Napier Theatre, Ballarat, on June 29, 1858. The opera was presented by an English Opera Company brought to Australia by Mr. Augustus Linley Norman, who also conducted. He was born in Upper George street, London, and his sister, who was a famous singer, sang under the name of Elizabeth Linley. Soon after the appearance of this company in Ballarat, Mr. Linley Norman died, but the letters relating to that period of his life were destroyed, and his descendants have never been able to trace his burial place. It is believed to be in Ballarat. This programme is now in the possession of Mr Linley Norman's grand niece, Mrs E. J. Power, who recently came to Melbourne from India. The programme is printed in gold lettering on satin, now a deep parchment yellow, and every word is as clear as when it came off the press 79 years ago. It was printed in the form of a single news sheet 16 1/2 by 11 1/2 inches, in conjunction with the Charles Napier Curtain and Ballarat Advertiser, and was distributed free in honor of a visit to the opera of Mr. Justice Barry, and the members of the bar. The role of Norma was sung by Miss Julia Harland, and other principals included Mr. John Gregg, Mr. Walter Sherwin, Mr. Musgrave, Mrs. Hancock and Miss Emma St. Clair. It is interesting to compare the prices with those of the present day. Dress circle seats could be reserved for 3/-, boxes were 2/6, and pit 1/-.

NORNA (pseudonym)


Active Hobart, TAS, 1855 (shareable link to this entry)


"Norna" is the pseudonym of the composer of the The F. J. C. waltz in Henry Butler Stoney's The Tasmanian lyre, published in Hobart in 1855 by Huxtable and Deakin.

The name was probably derived from the P. and O. steamship Norna.

The bibliographic records for the copies at the National Library of Australia and the State Library of Tasmania both give the titles as "F. D. C."; but it is correctly "F. J. C.", or "F. I. C." What might it stand for? Anyone?


[Advertisement], Colonial Times (9 March 1855), 4

Just published, and on Sale, at HUXTABLE and DEAKIN'S,
THE TASMANIAN LYRE; a Sequel to the Delacourt Bouquet,
The Lanarskshire Polka, composed by Miss Josephine Villeneuve Smith.
L'Esperanza Waltz, by the Editor.
The Louisa Schottische, by Miss Fraser.
The Wivenhoe Quadrilles, by A. S. Hill, 99th Regiment.
The F. J. C. Waltzes
The Sylvandale Schottische.
The Wanderer's Farewell; words by the Editor, music by F. H. Henslowe, Esq.

Musical compositions:

The F. J. C. waltz composed by Norna; in The Tasmanian lyre ([Hobart Town]: Huxtable & Deakin, [1855]) (DIGITISED)

NORRIE, James Smith (James Smith NORRIE; J. S. NORRIE)

Chemist and druggist, music venue proprietor (Royal Polytechnic, Sydney)

Born London, England, 24 January 1820; baptised St. Matthew's, Bethnal Green, 14 May 1820; son of Thomas James NORRIE and Zaphna Louisa Mary KNIGHT
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1839
Married Lucy Eliza Ann HILLIER, Christ Church, Sydney, NSW, 20 April 1850
Died Sydney, NSW, 10 March 1883, aged "63" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

See also (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Royal Polytechnic, cnr Pitt and Bathurst Sts, Sydney, 1854

J. S. Norrie's Royal Polytechnic Exhibition, first opened at the corner of Pitt and Bathurst Streets, Sydney, in February 1854; this illustration, Illustrated Sydney News (25 March 1854), 4 


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. Matthew, Bethnal Green, in the county of Middlesex in the year 1820; register 1819-28, page 51; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

[1820] May 14 / James Smith Born 24 Jan'y 1820 / [son of] Thomas James & Zaphna Louisa Mary / Norrie / Patriot Square / stock Broker / . . .

[Advertisement], The Australian (21 March 1840), 3 


"MARRIED", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (27 April 1850), 3 

By special license, at Christ Church, on the 20th instant, by the Rev. W. H. Walsh, Lucy, younger daughter of John Hillier, Esq., to Mr. J. S. Norrie, both of this city.

We thought Norrie was wedded to Science,
And thought no young man could be sillier,
But no; he's just made an alliance
More fitting with Miss Lucy Hillier.

His studies now chiefly are amatory,
Eschewing all Chemistry's fallacies;
Sealed up in his much-loved Laboratory
Are the fruits of his recent analysis.

At last he has found out the fact, Sirs,
Which Solomon uttered (a wise 'un),
That "a virtuous woman", with tact, Sirs,
"Is a crown to her husband" - not PISON!

"ROYAL POLYTECHNIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 June 1854), 3 

Notwithstanding the continued inclement state of the weather, the instructive experiments in chemistry, the oxy-hydrogen microscope, and the dissolving views of the most beautiful scenes in Europe and European-Asia, with the concluding display of chromatropes, have attracted large audiences during the past week. The experiments in chemistry are illustrated in lectures by Mr. J. S. Norrie, and the divisions of the entertainments are agreeably relieved by selections of classical music, by Mr. and Mrs. Hancock, and other talented vocalists.

ASSOCIATIONS: Edward and Mary Ellen Hancock (vocalists)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 October 1854), 1 

ROYAL POLYTECHNIC - THIS EVENING, Wednesday, a lecture will be delivered on the heavenly constellations, nebulae and milky way, comets, &c., illustrated with dissolving scenery of immense magnitude. After which, a dissolving panorama of London and its environs, with choice music and chromatropes. Reserved seats, 3s; front seats, 2s. Children, half price.

ROYAL POLYTECHNIC - NOTICE. - After the expiration of the present week, the magnificent views at present exhibited, and those arriving by the overland mails, will, every TUESDAY and FRIDAY EVENINGS, be represented and illustrated with new descriptive matter, and the most important addition of original compositions, choice selections, and extemporaneous performances, characteristic of the music peculiar to different nations, by Professor NATHAN, the proprietor having had the good fortune to secure the powerful aid of that gentleman to assist him in the grand object of blending scientific and classical harmony with the interesting evening's entertainment. The admission on these evenings will be as usual . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Isaac Nathan (pianist, conductor)

"ROYAL POLYTECHNIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 December 1854), 4 

Amongst the various establishments whose doors are open during the holiday season, we must make especial mention of the Royal Polytechnic, in Pitt-street, with its musical melanges, its artistical illustrations, its chromatropes, and last, but not least, its fine apollonicon. The ability with which Mr. Norrie has conducted this institution from its opening ought to obtain the cordial patronage of the citizens.

NOTES: Apollonicon (musical instrument)

Darlinghurst Gaol entrance book, August 1864; State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

[No.] 2354 / James S. Norrie / [ship] - / [arrived] [18]39 / [born] Middlesex / Prot / Chemist / [age] 44 / 5' 2" . . .

SUPREME COURT, TUESDAY . . . EX PARTE NORRIE - HABEAS CORPUS", Empire (7 September 1864), 5 

Mr. Stephen moved for the discharge of Mr. J. S. Norrie, chemist, of Pitt-street, who was under committal for three months to gaol, in default of the payment of £100 fine for having in his possession a still that was not registered, and for which he had given no security. It was contended that Mr. Norrie had been wrongfully sent to gaol . . . Their Honors being of opinion that the arrest was illegal, Mr. Norrie was ordered to be discharged.

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 March 1883), 1 

NORRIE. - March 10, at his residence, 220, William-street, of apoplectic paralysis, James Smith Norrie, aged 63 years.

NORTH, Emilie E. (Emily Elizabeth NORTH; Miss Emilie E. NORTH; Mrs. Julius HOMAN)

Pianist, composer of music, teacher of pianoforte

Born Kissing Point, NSW, 15 August 1857 [reg'd 1858]; daughter of John Hartley NORTH (1833-1910) and Elizabeth PRESTON (c. 1830-1883)
Active Sydney, NSW, 1870s
Married Julius HOMAN, NSW, 1881 [NSW/BDM 456/1881]
Died Mossman, NSW, 18 November 1885, aged 28 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


Reportedly a native of the colony, Emilie E North was probably the Emily E. North, born to John H. North and his wife Elizabeth, and registered in Ryde in 1858. She would thus have been about 15 years of age when she first advertised as a piano teacher in 1873, and, in the same year, published The native rose waltz. A second published composition, the Annie Louise waltzes followed in 1876.

As a concert pianist, she gave well over 40 (probably over 50) solo recitals in the "orchestra" of Garden Place during the Sydney International Exhibition in 1879-80, evidently as a hired demonstrator of an overstrung upright grand exhibited by Pohlmann and Sons of Halifax, England.

From daily press reviews of the exhibition music, her large performing repertoire can be reconstructed.

She disappeared from musical record at the close of the exhibition. A son, Egmont (d. QLD. 1962), by her husband Julius Homan, was born in Woollahra in 1882.


"BIRTHS", Empire (17 November 1857), 4 

On the 15th instant, at Kissing Point, Mrs. J. H. North, of a daughter.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 April 1873), 10

NEW WALTZ. - THE NATIVE ROSE, composed by Miss EMILIE E. NORTH. - Price 2s. 6d. At all Musicsellers.

"THE NATIVE ROSE WALTZ", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 June 1873), 4

Under this title, a pretty waltz in the key of F, composed by Miss Emilie E. North has been published, and will no doubt be acceptable to many of our musical readers. It is neatly printed, and illustrated with an ink illustration of the native-rose.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 November 1873), 1

NEW and Favourite Waltz, "The Native Rose," composed by Miss E. North, at Reading's and Elvy's.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 March 1874), 1 

MISS EMILIE E. NORTH (composer of "Native Rose" waltz), Teacher of Pianforte, REMOVED to No. 12, Francis-street, Hyde Park.

"MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 July 1876), 4

We have received from the composer, Emilie E. North, the "Anni Louise" waltzes, which have been lately issued from the press. The music consists of three distinct airs, all of which are lively, and which contain a good deal of originality. The time is well-marked throughout, and though there are several changes of keys, the piece is within the compass of an ordinary pianoforte player. The same composer is the authoress of the "Native Rose Waltz", which is now in its sixth edition.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 July 1878), 9

MISS E. NORTH, Composer, Teacher of Pianoforte, Harmonium, and Singing. 156, Palmer-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 January 1879), 2

MISS E. NORTH, Composer of Music, Teacher of Pianoforte. Edye House, 158, Palmer-street.

"THE MUSIC AT THE GARDEN PALACE", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 December 1879), 2

To-day there is a concert in the German Court; a recital on the orchestral platform at 2 p.m., by Madame Summerhayes; at 3 p.m. by Miss E. North; and at 4 an orchestral concert under the dome.

"Music and the Lyric Stage", Australian Town and Country Journal (27 December 1879), 40 

ON Saturday last Miss Emilie E. North gave her 28th pianoforte recital on Messrs. Pohlman and Sons' over-strung upright grand, on the platform in front of the orchestra in the Garden Palace. There was a large and appreciative audience, who appeared, from the warmth with which they applauded the pianist, to be much pleased with the music. The programme comprised solos by De Kontski on Faust, a festal march by Sir George Elvy, a grand valse by Tito Mattei, a piece by Blumenthal, and the Sans Souci Galop by Ascher, all of which were brilliantly performed and warmly applauded. Miss North fully displayed the fine qualities of the Pohlman pianos, proving them to be equal to the best and superior to most of the cottage pianos exhibited in the Garden Palace . . .

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 November 1885), 1 

HOMAN. - November 18, at her late residence, Ferncliffe, Mossman's Bay, Emily Elizabeth, the dearly beloved wife of Julius Homan, Railway Survey Department, aged 28 years.

Musical works:

The native rose waltz (composed by Miss. E North) (Sydney: Sold at J. Reading, Elvy and Co., J. R. Clarke, [1873]) (DIGITISED)

The native rose waltz (composed by Miss Emelie North) (Sydney: [ ? ], A. Grocott, printer, [18-?]) (DIGITISED)

Annie Louise waltzes ([Sydney]: ?, [1876])


Trombone player

Active Sydney, NSW, July 1859 (Sydney University Musical Festival) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], Empire (2 July 1859), 3

. . . 1st FRENCH HORN - Mr. M. McCarthy
2nd Ditto ditto - Mr. H. Sullivan
TENOR TROMBONE - Mr. Willam Northcote
BASS TROMBONE - Mr. William Woolbridge . . .

James Northcott (1836-1904)

James Northcott (1836-1904) 


Bandmaster, mine manager

Born South Taunton, Devon, England, 1836; son of James NORTHCOTT and Mary CROKER
Died Middle Brighton, VIC, 18 December 1904 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Naval band boy, trombone player, cornet player, professor of the Cornet-a-Piston, teacher of all kinds of Brass Instruments, bandmaster

Born South Taunton, Devon, England, 13 May 1841; son of James NORTHCOTT and Mary CROKER
Active Sebastopol, Crimea, 1854-55
Active Bendigo, VIC, by 1864
departed Melbourne, VIC, c. 1870 (for California)
Died Philadelphia, USA, 30 April 1920 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

See also Northcott's band, c. 1865-1905:'s+band+c1865-1905 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (30 September 1864), 1

PROFESSOR of the Cornet a-Piston, Teacher of all kinds of Brass Instruments.
Tuition Quarterly or by Single Lessons; Music arranged for Bands of any number.
Forest-street, next H. Jackson, Esq.

"LYCEUM THEATRE", Bendigo Advertiser (3 September 1866), 2 

. . . After the songs and glees named in the programme, Mr. Northcote's brass band will render, on the stage, a selection from Donizetti's "Lucretia Borgia" and Levy's "Bestshot Polka."

"NORTHCOTE'S BRASS BAND", Bendigo Advertiser (25 September 1866), 2 

"LAW COURTS . . . VON KNORR V. VON. KNORR AND NORTHCOTE", The Herald (6 May 1868), 3 

An application for divorce . . . the petitioner, Edward Louis Francis Auguste Von Knorr, a Prussian and a cattle dealer, of the White Hills, Sandhurst, was married on the 13th October, 1861, to the respondent, Ellen Jane Von Knorr. He knew at the time he married her that she had been somewhat of an immoral character . . . petitioner followed his wife to Melbourne, and there, in the Globe hotel, he found her in bed with the correspondent . . . William Northcote, a musician or bandmaster, of Marong, near Sandhurst, with whom petitioner had no previous acquaintance, except that he had once danced with his wife at a pic-nic . . .

[News], The Argus (6 May 1868), 4

In the Divorce Court yesterday, a dissolution of the marriage of Edward Von Knorr, of Sandhurst, with his wife, was decreed. The petitioner was the husband from whom Mrs. Von Knorr eloped in January last with the co-respondent, William Northcott, a musician. There was no defence to the suit, the petitioner obtaining his decree without opposition.

[News], The Argus (14 February 1873), 5

"NORTHCOTE'S BAND. To the Editor of the . . .", Bendigo Advertiser (27 August, 1874), 3 

"OLD BENDIGONIAN", The Bendigo Advertiser (21 February 1881), 2

The friends of Mr. William Northcott, who originally founded the well-known Northcott's Band in this city (at present conducted by Mr. James Northcott), and who left Sandhurst for America some dozen years ago, where he has been since resident, will be glad to learn that he has acquired a high musical reputation in the United States. He occupied the position of solo cornetist in the musical combination at the Centennial Exhibition, Philadelphia, in 1870, and at the Permanent Exhibition in 1877-78-79, and has performed in New York for GO consecutive nights. He is the author of a piece of music entitled "America," which is pronounced by the American press to be "a remarkable success." A copy of this composition has been received by Mr. James Northcott, and die music shows a range of compass from F in the ledger down to double B natural. Mr. W. Northcott has made an addition of eight full notes to his cornet, and is thus enabled to play "America" in four octaves, a feat which excited the greatest wonder in the minds of musicians.

"ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATION", Bendigo Advertiser (21 April 1881), 3 

The members of Northcott's Volunteer Band celebrated their tenth anniversary last evening by a banquet at the Beehive Exchange . . . Drum-major Ellis, in responding, said this was the first demonstration of the kind that had been held. It was eighteen years since the band was first inaugurated by Mr. William Northcott, brother to the gentleman who now occupied the position of band-master. During that time the band had played for charitable, religious, and other purposes, gratuitously, on 374 occasions. (Loud applause.) He thanked the officers of the Cavalry and Ride Corps for the land services they had rendered the band. It was thirteen years since Mr. J. Northcott took charge of the band, and ten years since they became connected with the Volunteer Corps . . .

"LATEST INTELLIGENCE", Kerang Times (7 February 1882), 2

"BAND PRESENTATION", Bendigo Advertiser (15 September 1883), 2

"LETTERS TO THE EDITIOR. BAND CONTEST", Launceston Examiner (21 May 1886), 3

"BENDIGO ORCHESTRAL SOCIETY", Bendigo Advertiser (3 October 1894), 2 

. . . The orchestral numbers will be played by a full orchestra of 25 instrumentalists. Mr. James Northcote, as senior bandmaster of the district, will conduct the first part of the programme, and Mr. A. T. Crook the second part . . .

"A VETERAN BANDMASTER", Bendigo Advertiser (23 June 1898), 3

"DEATH OF MR. JAS. NORTHCOTT. A VETERAN BANDSMAN", Bendigo Advertiser (19 December 1904), 5

Regret will be widespread at the announcement of the death of Mr. James Northcott, of Lily-street, Golden-square, the veteran bandsman, which event occurred at Middle Brighton yesterday morning. . . . He was born at South Taunton, in Devonshire, in 1836, and was, therefore, 68 years of age at the time of his demise. When only a lad he entered the British navy, joining the warship St. Jean d'Acre. He remained in the navy for several years, and his vessel was lying off Copenhagen, when orders were received to proceed to the Crimea, which was the sole topic of interest in England at that period. Mr. Northcott served all through the Crimean war, and obtained three service medals. He was most fortunate, as he did not even receive a scratch. While fighting in the trenches one day he happened to glance round, and was surprised to discover that his brother was by his side. They had not seen each other for a long time, and the meeting under such circumstances can be imagined. Two of his brothers, John and William, served throughout the war. At its close he came to Victoria, the gold fever being then at its height. His stay in Bendigo was brief, as the New Zealand rush attracted his attention, but he returned in 1858 to Bendigo, and as the outlook was quiet he went back to New Zealand in 1859. Finally, in 1860, he settled in the Bendigo district with his father and mother and brother William. They took up some land at Leichardt, and remained there for some years. It was about this time that he became prominent in musical circles. He came of a musical family, as his oldest brother, John, was one of the musicians to the Royal Family, and was pensioned by the late Queen Victoria. His younger brother, William, is at the present time one of the leading cornet players in the United States . . . When he left Leichardt, Mr. Northcott became Mr. Lansell's general manager, and continued in that capacity for 26 years. While he was manager of the 180 mine it is estimated that gold to the value of a million sterling was taken from the mine. It is, perhaps, in his capacity as a bandsman, that Mr. Northcott was best known, as he became a familiar figure not only in the chief centres of Victoria but throughout Australia. He first became leader of the old Volunteer Band, and he was subsequently leader of the Battalion Band at Castlemaine. It was when he became leader of the musical combination known as Northcott's Brass Band that his fame and the fame of the band became widespread, as some 25 years ago it was one of the finest bands in Australia, and held that distinction for many years. Although many changes in the personnel of the band have taken place, it still retains its old name. Mr. Northcott was a cornet player of high ability, and in 1871 he was presented by the citizens of Bendigo with a handsome silver cornet, in recognition of his services as a musician. His home contains a great array of trophies, photographic groups of bandsmen etc., which serve to indicate in a sense the reputation he enjoyed as a bandsman. During his career in Bendigo he invested in mining a good deal, but was not very fortunate in this respect, as he lost a good deal of money on the New Chum line. Naturally he was well known and warmly respected, especially by bandsmen, who have, however, not seen him about much for some time, owing to ill-health. He was a genial citizen, and made a large circle of sincere friends . . .

"MR. JAMES NORTHCOTE", Kerang New Times (20 December 1904), 2 

The death is announced of Mr. James Northcote, of Lily-street, Golden-square, the veteran bandsman, which event occurred at Middle Brighton on Sunday morning. Mr. Northcote had been suffering from chronic bronchitis for the past two years, and about a month ago he left for Middle Brighton, where he had taken a house for three months. In his capacity as a bandsman, Mr. Northcote was well-known, as he became a familiar figure not only in the chief centres of Victoria but throughout Australia. He first became leader of the old Volunteer Band, and he was subsequently leader of the Battalion Band at Castlemaine. It was when he became leader of the musical combination known as Northcote's Brass Band that his fame and the fame of the band became widespread, as some 25 years ago it was one of the finest bands in Australia, and kept that distinction for many years. The late Mr. Northcote came of a musical family, as his eldest brother, John, was one of the musicians to the Royal Family, and was pensioned by the late Queen Victoria. His younger brother, William, is at the present time one of the leading cornet players in the United States. In 1867 the late Mr. Northcote married Miss Lansell, sister of of Mr Geo. Lansell the Bendigo Quartz King, her demise having taken place about three months ago. When he left Leichardt, Mr. Northcote became Mr. Lansell's general manager, and continued in that capacity for 26 years. While he was manager of the 180 mine it is estimated that gold to the value of a million sterling was taken from the mine.

"DEATH OF MR. JAS. NORTHCOTT", Kalgoorlie Western Argus [WA] (17 January 1905), 24 

"CRIMEAN BAND BOY", The Evening Telegraph (24 January 1921), 2 

The death has occurred in Philadelphia of Mr. William Northcott, a Crimean veteran who served as a band boy in the Royal Navy during the Crimean war. Mr. Northcott, a Devonshire man, was born in 1841, and at the age of of 13 sailed for the Crimea in H.M.S. Princess Royal, and was present at the fall of Sebastopol. He was a solo cornetist.

Bibliography and resources:

Herbert L. Clarke, "Famous cornettists - part and present, chapter 8, William Northcott", The musical messenger (10 Octobver 1921), 3-4 

. . . Mr. Northcott was of English birth, born May 13, 1841, in Devonshire, England. His career has been so full of incident and adventure that a brief space of a newspaper article is insufficient to narrate them all, but I will indite a portion of those most interesting to the general musical public. Northcott's musical studies were begun at the early age of nine, under the tuition of that celebrated cornetist, Norton, who was then leader of the Marine Band of Plymouth. The boy progressed so rapidly upon his chosen instrument that at the age of about fourteen he was requested by Captain Kepple, who was then commanding the line-of-battleship "St. Jean d'Acre", British Navy (upon which Northcott's brother was leader of the band), to join the ship. This proposition exactly suited his inclinations, but before it was carried into effect, the vessel received her orders and sailed for the Black Sea to participate in the Russian War, without Northcott. He, however, was destined to go. and as the "Princess Royal," British Navy, was to leave Plymouth just one week later for the same destination, the boy, with his usual determination of character. decided not to lose such an opportunity to see some of the "pomp and circumstance" of glorious war. Provided with a letter from Captain Kepple, he boarded the ship. and solicited her commander, Captain Paget, to give him passage to the Black Sea that he might join the "St. Jean d'Acre." The request was granted, and on the voyage our youthful hero played the comet so effectively that he became a general favorite with officers and crew. It required a month to reach the Black Sea, and he was gladdened by being received on his favorite ship, where, with his usual success, he speedily became one of the most popular members of the crew. In a few weeks Captain Kepple, his ship and band were transferred to the Naval Squadron at the Crimea, and thus, before attaining his fifteenth birthday, Northcott was right in the thickest of the fray, and experiencing the rigors of a most trying winter, for which Russia is noted. He took part in many battles and was present at the memorable fall of Sebastapol.

At the close of the Crimean War he returned to England, and was paid of from the "Rodney" at Portsmouth, January, 1856. Sighing for new adventures and pleased with naval life, he joined the famous man—of-war, "Conqueror" at Plymouth, and sailed for the Mediterranean Sea, remaining on that ship during its commission from 1856-1859, and during this period he made great progress on the cornet, and was especially distinguished by his playing at Naples before the king and nobility. This cruise was completed, the crew and band being paid off from the "Conqueror," Northcott then joined the "Nile" as leading comet soloist of the band. A noteworthy incident of this engagement was that this band was detailed to accompany H. R. H. Prince of Wales (the late King Edward VII) and his retinue in their travels through Canada, and everywhere Northcott received the highest encomiums from the prince and his conferees for the masterly rendition of his excellent solos. At the expiration of the ship's term, which consisted of four years, Northcott, having served ten years of naval service, concluded to pay a visit to his parents, who had been infected with the Australian gold fever, and moved there. He sailed in 1864 for Australia, arriving safely.

At Sandhurst, Victoria, he started the Northcott Brass Band, and created considerable stir by introducing "sacred concerts" on Sunday afternoons in the camp reserve at that town. He became so successful that he remained there four years, when the roving passion again attacked him, and he betook himself to New Zealand. Here he assumed charge of a band at Christ Church, over which he presided for six months. But those were stirring times. and he then left for the goldfields at Auckland to try a miner's life, but soon found that he could draw more "notes" from his cornet than nuggets from the earth, and then joined a concert company, playing through New Zealand, with great success. Having used up that section of the globe, he determined upon a visit to the United States, embarking on the "City of Melbourne" for San Francisco . . .

Glenn D. Bridges, Pioneers in brass ([Detroit : Sherwood Publications, 1965]), 64-65.

Richard I. Schwartz, "Well-known soloists from all walks of life: William Northcott (b.Devonshire, England 13 May 1841; d.Philadelphia 30 April 1920)" 

He began study of the cornet at the age of nine with Robert Norton, the conductor of the Marine Band in Plymouth, England. At the age of fourteen, the captain of the battleship, St. Jean D'Arc, asked him to join the band on board his ship, shortly before it left for the Black Sea. The St. Jean D'Arc left before he had a chance to board. He left instead with the band on the Princess Royal, upon which served his brother, and headed for the same battle arena in the Crimean War as the St. Jean D'Arc. After seeing battle action on the Black Sea, he joined the crew of the Conqueror in Plymouth, England and sailed for the Mediterranean where he played for Italian nobility including the King. He remained on board with the band until 1859, after which joined the band on the Nile as special cornet soloist and performed for the Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII).

In 1864, after ten years of service in the Royal Navy, he organized the Northcott Brass Band in Victoria, Australia, and in 1868, he organized his own Concert Company in New Zealand. In 1870, he set sail for America on the City of Melbourne and upon his arrival in Hawaii, he organized a band on board and stayed in Hawaii for over a year directing a government sponsored band. In 1871, he completed his trip to America and stopped in San Francisco . . .

. . . He died a wealthy man, investing money in real estate. Information for this entry appears in Pioneers in brass (Bridges [1972], 64-65.


Tenor vocalist

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1857 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Argus (4 March 1857), 8 

DUDLEY'S ASSEMBLY ROOM, North Williamstown. - A Series of Three GRAND CONCERTS will be given as above, Thursday, Friday, and Saturday, the 5th, 6th, and 7th inst, under tne patronage of Captain Pascoe, R. N., P. M. Artistes - Mesdames Annie Vitelli and Mrs. McDougal and Messrs. Gregg, Norton, Furrian. Pianist, Mrs. Mackie; Conductor, Mr. Vitelli. Admission, front seats, 3s.; back, 2s.

"THE PRINCESS'S THEATRE", The Age (23 April 1857), 3 

"THE PRINCESS'S THEATRE", The Age (23 April 1857), 3 

"THE OPERA", The Age (8 May 1857), 6 

The opera of "Linda di Chamounix," which has now been twice produced upon the boards of the Princess's . . . has never before been produced in Melbourne in its entirety, some few of the scenes only having been placed upon the stage of the Royal with Madame Bishop as prima donna . . . The scene is laid in the valley of Chamounix in the Tyrol. Linda (Madame Anna Bishop) the daughter of Antonio, a small farmer (Mr. Farquharson), is persecuted with the unwelcome attentions of a neighboring proprietor, the Marquis de Boisflleury (Mr. Alfred Nelson), while she is the betrothed of Carlo Viscount de Serval (Mr. Norton), who has wooed her under the disguise of a painter . . . As may be expected the responsibility of the opera rests upon Madame Bishop, Madame Sara Flower, Mr. Norton, Mr. Farquharson, and Mr. Gregg, who all sustained their parts most admirably. Were we to make an exception, it would be in reference to Mr. Norton, who is quite new to the stage, and yet lacks much to make a good actor. He has, however, a fine voice, though uncultivated, a thorough knowledge of his part, and is evidently a good musician . . .

"THEATRICALS AND MUSIC. PRINCESS'S THEATRE", Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (9 May 1857), 2 

The patrons of the new theatre were regaled on Wednesday evening with another of Donizetti's operas, "Linda di Chamouni," which was then produced for the first time in Melbourne in a form approaching completeness. The opera, with the exception of the chief tenor part, was very strongly cast, and, everything considered, went well. The part of Carlo was entrusted to a gentleman named Norton, who being a complete novice to the stage, was not able to do justice to the composer. The audience, however, were disposed to be indulgent, and the debutant had nothing to complain of in respect of encouragement from them . . . We are not disposed to be harsh with Mr. Norton, for we believe that in this instance greatness had been "thrust upon him." He has, moreover, some of the qualifications without which, at least, no dramatic vocalist can arrive at eminence . . .

NOTT, Harry Cecil (Henry, Harry Cecil NOTT; H. C. NOTT)

Organist, composer, arranger

Born Melbourne, VIC, 14 February 1859; baptised St. Peter's, Melbourne, 4 March 1859, son of Thomas Henry NOTT (1829-1898) and Emma COX (c. 1828-1899)
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1882
Died Brighton, VIC, 10 July 1930, aged 71 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

NOTT, Cicely Helen (Cicely Helen NOTT; Miss C. NOTT; Miss NOTT; Mrs. John Crow McGEORGE)

Amateur vocalist

Born Melbourne, VIC, 8 September 1864; daughter of Thomas Henry NOTT (1829-1898) and Emma COX (c. 1828-1899)
Married John Crow McGEORGE, VIC, 1896
Died Dunedin, NZ, 2 November 1950 (shareable link to this entry)

NOTT, William Edward (William Edward NOTT; W. E. NOTT)

Organist, composer

Born Melbourne, VIC, 8 March 1870; son of Thomas Henry NOTT (1829-1898) and Emma COX (c. 1828-1899)
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1886
Died Queenstown, New Zealand, 21 May 1900 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[News], The Argus (22 July 1882), 9

"A JUBILEE ODE", The Argus (18 June 1887), 11

"OUR AUSTRALIAN LETTER", Otago Daily Times (6 July 1887), 4

"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (24 March 1890), 9

"CHRIST CHURCH ST. KILDA", The Argus (29 April 1892), 6

"WEDDINGS . . . NOTT - WADDINGHAM", The Australasian (16 March 1895), 39 

The marriage of Mr. Harry Cecil Nott, eldest son of Mr. T. H. Nott, Somerset-villa, North Carlton, and Miss Caroline Charlotte Waddingham . . . took place at Christ Church, on February 25, at 8 p.m., the Rev, Stanley Low officiating. The service was fully choral, and Mr. W. E. Nott (brother of the bridegroom), presided at the organ . . .

Musical arrangement:

Jubilee ode (written by the Town Clerk of Melbourne [E. G. Fitzgibbon]; Composed by J. H. M. (of the City Treasurer's Office Melbourne); harmonised by H. C. Nott (organist Christ Church St. Kilda)"; Manuscript, composer's signature [1887]

Morning and evening service in G (London: Novello, Ewer, and Co., [1890]

[Advertisement], The musical times [London, England] (1 October 1890), 620 

NUGENT, Stephen (Stephen NUGENT)

Musician, bandsman (Band of the 11th Regiment)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1853 (shareable link to this entry)


[Notice], New South Wales Government Gazette (29 July 1853), 1283 

REPORT of a Deserter from the 11th Regiment of Foot. - Dated at Sydney, New South Wales, this 27th July, 1853. Man's Name, Stephen Nugent; age, 22 years and 8 months; size 5 feet 11 inches; complexion, fair; hair, sandy; eyes, grey; time of desertion, 21st July, 1853; place of desertion, Sydney, New South Wales; date of enlistment, 8th September, 1845; at what place enlisted, Chatham; parish and county, Fermay, Cork; trade, musician; dress, regimentals, white band jacket; remarks, tall and slight, hair cut close.
Lt. Col. commanding 11th Regiment.

NUNN, Mr. (Mr. NUNN)

Bellringer, convict

Active Launceston, VDL (TAS), 1837 (shareable link to this entry)


"To the Editor", The Cornwall Chronicle (23 September 1837), 2

. . . "Justitia," it seems, is not aware of one more circumstance in the income of the Rev. Dr. Browne. Two men - Parson and Nunn - both prisoners of the crown - both rationed and clothed by Government, attached to St. John's Church - the one as grave-digger, the other as bell-ringer and pew-opener - work from sun-rise to sunset in the garden and fields of the Rev. gentleman, and have done so these four years . . .

NUTT, Elizabeth (Elizabeth MONTGOMERY; Mrs. Thomas Upton NUTT)

Teacher, music teacher

Married Thomas Upton NUTT (1831-1866, surgeon), St. Mary, Warwick, England, 16 November 1847
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 23 December 1853 (per Emma Colvin, from Mauritius, a surviving passenger of the ill-fated Meridian)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 30 December 1853 (per London) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"THE POLICE REGISTER", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (31 March 1855), 3 

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (29 December 1860), 3 

EDUCATION. MRS. NUTT, now of Burdekin-terrace, Hyde Park, Sydney, has, in consequence of the increase in the number of her pupils, taken the centre house in Lyons-terrace, Sydney, and will RE-OPEN her SCHOOL there on the 28th January, 1861. In her new residence Mrs. Nutt will have enlarged accommodations for Boarders and Day Pupils, and would be glad of early applications. Mrs. Nutt holds credentials of having taught with success in the Earl of Leicester's family in England. She also has a certifĂ­cate from M. Boulanger, testifying her ability to "impart a sound musical education;" and she was three years a pupil in a first-class school in Paris . . .

"CENTRAL POLICE COURT", Empire (23 August 1862), 6

FRIDAY. BOULANGER V. NUTT. Elizabeth Nutt appeared, on the information of Kate Boulanger, charged with having unlawfully assaulted and beaten the complainant on the 7th August. Kate Boulanger swore: . . . [the defendant, Nutt] keeps a school in Lyon's-terrace; my husband lives in her house; I heard he was going to leave the colony, and as I did not wish to take out warrant for him, I called on him there . . . case dismissed.

BOULANGER V. BOULANGER. Edward Boulanger appeared on the information of Kate Boulanger, his wife, charged with having on the 8th August, at Lyons-terrace, unlawfully assaulted and beaten her . . . Defendant fined 60s and costs of court.

NUTT V. BOULANGER. Kate Boulanger appeared on information of Elizabeth Nutt, charged with having unlawfully assaulted and beaten her on the 7th August . . . Mr. Boulanger has a music class in my school; he and his wife lived in my house ten or eleven days; I have no ill-feeling to Mrs. Boulanger; sent her money for her and her mother to come up from Melbourne . . . Defendant fined 20s and costs of court.

NUTT V. BOULANGER. Kate Boulanger appeared on information of Elizabeth Nutt, charging her with threatening to murder her, and praying that the said Kate Boulanger may be restrained . . . Case dismissed.

BOULANGER V. BOULANGER. Kate Boulanger appeared upon information by Edward Boulanger, her husband, with having unlawfully assaulted him on the 7th August . . . Case dismissed.

"CENTRAL POLICE COURT. 'NUTS TO CRACK'; OR, 'SCENES IN A SEMINARY'", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Chronicle (23 August 1862), 3 

Bibliography and resources:

The Meridian: the Hendersons' voyage to Australia 

© Graeme Skinner 2014 - 2022